Queen Victoria's Children and Grandchildren

Family Tree of Britain's Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

Queen Victoria and Prince Albert with 5 of their children
This painting by Frederick Winterhalter shows Queen Victoria and Prince Albert with 5 of their children. © Historical Picture Archive / CORBIS / Corbis via Getty Images

Queen Victoria and her first cousin Prince Albert, who married on February 10, 1840, had nine children. The marriage of the children of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert into other royal families, and the likelihood that some of her children bore a mutant gene for hemophilia affected European history.

In the following list, the unnumbered persons are children of Victoria and Albert, with notes on who they married, and below them are the next generation, Victoria, and Albert's grandchildren.

Children of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

Victoria Adelaide Mary, Princess Royal (November 21, 1840–August 5, 1901) married Frederick III of Germany (1831–1888)

  1. Kaiser Wilhelm II, German Emperor (1859–1941, emperor 1888–1919), married Augusta Viktoria of Schleswig-Holstein and Hermine Reuss of Greiz
  2. Duchess Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen (1860–1919), married Bernhard III, Duke of Saxe-Meinengen
  3. Prince Henry of Prussia (1862–1929), married Princess Irene of Hesse and by the Rhine
  4. Prince Sigismund of Prussia (1864–1866)
  5. Princess Victoria of Prussia (1866–1929), married Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe and Alexander Zoubkoff
  6. Prince Waldemar of Prussia (1868–1879)
  7. Sophie of Prussia, Queen of Greece (1870–1932), married Constantine I of Greece
  8. Princess Margarete of Hesse (1872–1954), married Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse-Kassel

Albert Edward, King of England as Edward VII (November 9, 1841–May 6, 1910) married Princess Alexandra of Denmark (1844–1925)

  1. Duke Albert Victor Christian (1864–1892), engaged to Mary of Teck (1867–1953)
  2. King George V (1910–1936), married Mary of Teck (1867–1953)
  3. Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar, Princess Royal (1867–1931), married Alexander Duff, Duke of Fife
  4. Princess Victoria Alexandra Olga (1868–1935)
  5. Princess Maud Charlotte Mary (1869–1938), married Haakon VII of Norway
  6. Prince Alexander John of Wales (John) (1871–1871)

Alice Maud Mary (April 25, 1843–December 14, 1878) married Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse (1837–1892)

  1. Princess Victoria Alberta of Hesse (1863–1950), married Prince Louis of Battenberg
  2. Elizabeth, Grand Duchess of Russia (1864–1918), married Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia
  3. Princess Irene of Hesse (1866–1953), married Prince Heinrich of Prussia
  4. Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse (1868–1937), married Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (his cousin, a daughter of Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, a son of Victoria and Albert), Eleonore of Solms-Hohensolms-Lich (married 1894–divorced 1901)
  5. Frederick (Prince Friedrich) (1870–1873)
  6. Alexandra, Tsarina of Russia (Alix of Hesse) (1872–1918), married Nicholas II of Russia
  7. Mary (Princess Marie) (1874–1878)

Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Edinburgh and of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (August 6, 1844–1900) married Marie Alexandrovna, Grand Duchess, Russia (1853–1920)

  1. Prince Alfred (1874–1899)
  2. Marie of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Queen of Romania (1875–1938), married Ferdinand of Romania
  3. Victoria Melita of Edinburgh, Grand Duchess (1876–1936), married first (1894–1901) Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse (her cousin, a son of Princess Alice Maud Mary of the United Kingdom, a daughter of Victoria and Albert), married second (1905) Kirill Vladimirovich, Grand Duke of Russia (her first cousin, and a first cousin of both Nicholas II and his wife, who was also the sister of Victoria Melita's first husband)
  4. Princess Alexandra (1878–1942), married Ernst II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
  5. Princess Beatrice (1884–1966), married Infante Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón, Duke of Galliera

Helena Augusta Victoria (May 25, 1846–June 9, 1923) married Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (1831–1917)

  1. Prince Christian Victor of Schleswig-Holstein (1867–1900)
  2. Prince Albert, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (1869–1931), never married but fathered a daughter
  3. Princess Helena Victoria (1870–1948)
  4. Princess Maria Louise (1872–1956), married Prince Aribert of Anhall
  5. Frederick Harold< (1876–1876)
  6. stillborn son (1877)

Louise Caroline Alberta (March 18, 1848–December 3, 1939) married John Campbell, Duke of Argyll, Marquis of Lorne (1845–1914)

Arthur William Patrick, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn (May 1, 1850–January 16, 1942) married Duchess Louise Margaret of Prussia (1860 –1917)

  1. Princess Margaret of Connaught, Crown Princess of Sweden (1882–1920), married Gustaf Adolf, Crown Prince of Sweden
  2. Prince Arthur of Connaught and Strathearn (1883–1938), married Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife (herself a daughter of Princess Louise, granddaughter of Edward VII and great-granddaughter of Victoria and Albert)
  3. Princess Patricia of Connaught, Lady Patricia Ramsay (1885–1974), married Sir Alexander Ramsay

Leopold George Duncan, Duke of Albany (April 7, 1853–March 28, 1884) married Princess Helena Frederica of Waldeck and Pyrmont (1861–1922)

  1. Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone (1883–1981), married Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone (she was the last surviving grandchild of Queen Victoria)
  2. Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1884–1954), married Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Hostein

Beatrice Mary Victoria (April 14, 1857–October 26, 1944) married Prince Henry of Battenberg (1858–1896)

  1. Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Carisbrooke (formerly Prince Alexander of Battenburg) (1886–1960), married Lady Iris Mountbatten
  2. Victoria Eugenie, Queen of Spain (1887–1969), married Alfonso XIII of Spain
  3. Lord Leopold Mountbatten (formerly Prince Leopold of Battenberg) (1889–1922)
  4. Prince Maurice of Battenburg (1891–1914)

Queen Victoria was an ancestor of later British rulers including her descendant Queen Elizabeth II. She was also an ancestor of Elizabeth II's husband Prince Philip.

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Lewis, Jone Johnson. "Queen Victoria's Children and Grandchildren." ThoughtCo, Apr. 5, 2023, thoughtco.com/queen-victorias-children-and-grandchildren-3530653. Lewis, Jone Johnson. (2023, April 5). Queen Victoria's Children and Grandchildren. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/queen-victorias-children-and-grandchildren-3530653 Lewis, Jone Johnson. "Queen Victoria's Children and Grandchildren." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/queen-victorias-children-and-grandchildren-3530653 (accessed June 9, 2023).