Ten RangoliDesigns

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Templates to Use for Your Festival Art

Cropped Image Of Person Making Rangoli
Ata Mohammad Adnan / EyeEm / Getty Images

Rangoli, a customary art form in Nepal, India and other parts of Asia, involves using colored rice, flower, sand or flower petals to make decorative patterns for display in various Hindu festivals. The art form is known by different names in different regions, including Kolam, Mandana, Chowkpurana, Murja, Aripana, Chowk pujan and Muggu.

Following are ten simple designs for you to print and use for Rangoli art. Children can also use these line drawings for coloring with crayons or colored pencils. The first five designs are from Diya lamp designs, the second two are Ghara musical pitcher designs and the final three are traditional Rangoli geometric patterns.

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Diya Design 1

Rangoli design traditions vary by region, reflecting the traditional folklore of each location. Families may create their own unique patterns and hand them down from generation to generation. 

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Diya Design 2

In traditional, Rangoli art is done by women for special occasions, such as festivals and marriage celebrations. Rangoli art is especially important for the Diwali festival when many homes create a Rangoli art piece on the floor of the living room or courtyard. 

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Diya Design 3

Rangoli designs vary greatly in complexity, ranging from simple geometric shapes or flower petal depictions to very elaborate designs crafted by numerous people. In some regions, annual competitions are held to determine the best artwork. 

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Diya Design 4

Traditionally, the base material is usually dry or wet powdered rice, dry flour or chalk to which the natural colors of sindoor (vermilion),  Haldi (turmeric) and others are added. In modern times, chemical color additives are used.  Colored sand, brick powder or flower petals can also be used to supply color. 

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Diya Design 5

The term Rangoli comes from the Sanskrit word ‘rangavalli’.  Rangoli art is essential in many Hindu religious rituals, and the goals are twofold: beauty and spiritual significance.

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Ghara Design 1

During Diwali, Hindus draw Rangoli patterns on the floor near the front door. This is thought to encourage the goddess Lakshmi to enter their homes. For this usage, Rangoli patterns are usually rectangular or circular, but may also be more elaborate. 

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Ghara Design 2

Traditionally, a Rangoli pattern is first outlined on the floor, then the colored powder or dust is sprinkled according to the pattern by pinching it between the thumb and forefinger and carefully following the outlines. 

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Rangoli Design 1

This is a traditional Rangoli design based on dots. First, make the dots with a chalk on the floor and use them to guide you to draw the curlicues and patterns. Fill the lines with colored powders or ground rice paste to get a good Rangoli.

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Rangoli Design 2

After a Rangoli is complete, the image is left to blow away with the wind. Like a Buddhist sand mandala art piece, this symbolically represents the impermanence of life and our acceptance of the fact. 

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Rangoli Design 3

One legend has it that Rangoli was first made at the time of Chitralakshana. When the son of the King’s highest priest died, Lord Brahma asked him to draw a picture of the boy. Lord Brahma then breathed into the portrait and the boy came alive, thus beginning the Rangoli tradition. 

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Spot, The Holiday. "Ten RangoliDesigns." ThoughtCo, Sep. 13, 2017, thoughtco.com/rangoli-designs-1770156. Spot, The Holiday. (2017, September 13). Ten RangoliDesigns. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/rangoli-designs-1770156 Spot, The Holiday. "Ten RangoliDesigns." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/rangoli-designs-1770156 (accessed April 23, 2018).