Rare Earth Elements List

Elements in the Rare Earth Element Group

The rare earth elements are metals located in the first row below the main body of the periodic table.
The rare earth elements are metals located in the first row below the main body of the periodic table. DAVID MACK / Getty Images

This is a list of rare earth elements (REEs), which are a special group of metals. The CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics and IUPAC list the rare earths as consisting of the lanthanides, plus scandium and yttrium:

Lanthanum (sometimes considered a transition metal)
Cerium
Praseodymium
Neodymium
Promethium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium
Scandium
Yttrium

Other sources consider the rare earths to be the lanthanides and actinides:

Lanthanum (sometimes considered a transition metal)
Cerium
Praseodymium
Neodymium
Promethium
Samarium
Europium
Gadolinium
Terbium
Dysprosium
Holmium
Erbium
Thulium
Ytterbium
Lutetium
Actinium (sometimes considered a transition metal)
Thorium
Protactinium
Uranium
Neptunium
Plutonium
Americium
Curium
Berkelium
Californium
Einsteinium
Fermium
Mendelevium
Nobelium
Lawrencium