Spanish Verb Repetir Conjugation

Repetir Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

dog and owner
La perra repite lo que hace su dueña. (The dog mimics what her owner does.).

 Tim Macpherson/Getty Images

The Spanish verb repetir has much the same meaning as the English verb "repeat," usually meaning to do something over again. However, it is somewhat more flexible in usage than its English counterpart, as it can also mean to have a second helping of food or to imitate an action.

The repetir conjugation is similar to most other -ir verbs, except that the stem of repet- changes to repit- when the second syllable is stressed or when the verb is in the subjunctive mood.

Below you will find the conjugations of the present indicative, imperfect indicative, preterite indicative, future indicate, periphrastic future, conditional, and imperative tenses and moods, as well as the past participle and the gerund.

Repetir Present Indicative Tense

The present indicative tense is the most common in Spanish and is mostly used to indicate that an action is occurring or that a state of being is ongoing.

Yo repito I repeat Yo repito la clase.
repites You repeat Tú repites la pregunta.
Usted/él/ella repite You/he/she repeats Ella repite todo.
Nosotros repetimos We repeat Nosotros repetimos uno de lo ejemplos.
Vosotros repetís You repeat Vosotros repetís los errores del pasado.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas repiten You/they repeat Ellas repiten la misma frase.

Repetir Preterite

The preterite tense is usually the equivalent of the simple past tense in Spanish. Unlike the imperfect tense, the preterite generally indicates that an action had a clear end.

Yo repetí I repeated Yo repetí la clase.
repetiste You repeated Tú repetiste la pregunta.
Usted/él/ella repitió You/he/she repeated Ella repitió todo.
Nosotros repetimos We repeated Nosotros repetimos uno de los ejemplos.
Vosotros repetisteis You repeated Vosotros repetisteis los errores del pasado.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas repitieron You/they repeated Ellas repitieron la misma frase.

Imperfect Indicative Form of Repetir

The imperfect tense is used to refer to past events that took place over an indefinite period of time. It is usually the equivalent of "used to + verb" or "was + verb + -ing" in English.

Yo repetía I was repeating Yo repetía la clase.
repetías You were repeating Tú repetías la pregunta.
Usted/él/ella repetía You/he/she was repeating Ella repetía todo.
Nosotros repetíamos We were repeating Nosotros repetíamos uno de los ejemplos.
Vosotros repetíais You were repeating Vosotros repetíais los errores del pasado.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas repetían You/they were repeating Ellas repetían la misma frase.

Repetir Future Tense

Yo repetiré I will repeat Yo repetiré la clase.
repetirás You will repeat Tú repetirás la pregunta.
Usted/él/ella repetirá You/he/she will repeat Ella repetirá todo.
Nosotros repetiremos We will repeat Nosotros repetiremos uno de los ejemplos.
Vosotros repetiréis You will repeat Vosotros repetiréis los errores del pasado.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas repetirán You/they will repeat Ellas repetirán la misma frase.

Periphrastic Future of Repetir

The periphrastic future tense is very common in Spanish, often replacing the simple future. It is the equivalent of the "going to + verb" construction in English.

Yo voy a repetir I am going to repeat Yo voy a repetir la clase.
vas a repetir You are going to repeat Tú vas a repetir la pregunta.
Usted/él/ella va a repetir You/he/she are/is going to repeat Ella va a repetir todo.
Nosotros vamos a repetir We are going to repeat Nosotros vamos a repetir uno de los ejemplos.
Vosotros vais a repetir You are going to repeat Vosotros vais a repetir los errores del pasado.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas van a repetir You/they are going to repeat Ellas van a repetir la misma frase.

Repetir Gerund Form

The progressive tenses in Spanish use the gerund, a verb form that is the equivalent the "-ing" ending in English. Gerunds seldom stand on their own and typically follow the verb estar.

Gerund of repetir: repitiendo

repeating -> Él está repitiendo la pregunta.

Past Participle of Repetir

Past participles can function either as adjectives or as a part of a verb form beginning with haber that is used to indicate a completed action.

Participle of repetir: repetido

repeated -> Él ha repetido la pregunta.

Conditional Form of Repetir

Conditional verbs typically are translated using "would" in English. They usually indicate that something could happen if some other condition is met.

Yo repetiría I would repeat Yo repetiría la clase si fuera posible.
repetirías You would repeat Tú repetirías la pregunta si fuera posible.
Usted/él/ella repetiría You/he/she would repeat Ella repetiría todo si fuera posible.
Nosotros repetiríamos We would repeat Nosotros repetiríamos uno de los ejemplos si fuera posible.
Vosotros repetiríais You would repeat Vosotros repetiríais los errores del pasado si fuera posible.
Ustedes/ellos/ellas repetirían You/they would repeat Ellas repetirían la misma frase si fuera posible.

Present Subjunctive of Repetir

The subjunctive mood is used much more frequently in Spanish than in English. It is commonly used following the relative pronoun que.

Que yo que repita That I repeat Él quiere que yo repita la clase.
Que tú que repitas That you repeat Quiero que tú repitas la pregunta.
Que usted/él/ella que repita That you/he/she repeat Quiero que ella repita todo.
Que nosotros que repitamos That we repeat Él quiere que nosotros repitamos uno de los ejemplos.
Que vosotros que repitáis That you repeat No quiero que vosotros repitáis los errores del pasado.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas que repitan That you/they repeat Queremos que ellas repitan la misma frase.

Imperfect Subjunctive Form of Repetir

Spanish has two forms of the past subjunctive. They are usually interchangeable; the first option below is the more common.

Option 1

Que yo que repitiera That I repeated Ana quería que yo repitiera la clase.
Que tú que repitieras That you repeated Carlos quería que tú repitieras la pregunta.
Que usted/él/ella que repitiera That you/he/she repeated Juan quería que ella repitiera todo.
Que nosotros que repitiéramos That we repeated Ana quería que nosotros repitiéramos uno de los ejemplos.
Que vosotros que repitierais That you repeated Carlos quería que vosotros repitierais los errores del pasado.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas que repitieran That you/they repeated Juan quería que ellas repitieran la misma frase.

Option 2

Que yo que repitiese That I repeated Ana quería que yo repitiese la clase.
Que tú que repitieses That you repeated Carlos quería que tú repitieses la pregunta.

Que usted/él/ella

que repitiese That you/he/she repeated Juan quería que ella repitiese todo.
Que nosotros que repitiésemos That we repeated Ana quería que nosotros repitiésemos uno de los ejemplos.
Que vosotros que repitieseis That you repeated Carlos quería que vosotros repitieseis los errores del pasado.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellas que repitiesen That you/they repeated Juan quería que ellas repitiesen la misma frase.

Imperative Forms of Vivir

The imperative mood is used in making commands. Spanish has no imperative form in the first-person singular; the language assumes you won't talk out loud in telling yourself what to do.

Imperative (Positive Command)

Yo
repite Repeat! ¡Repite la pregunta!
Usted repita Repeat! ¡Repita todo!
Nosotros repitamos Let's repeat! ¡Repitamos uno de los ejemplos!
Vosotros repetid Repeat! ¡Repetid los errores del pasado!
Ustedes repitan Repeat! ¡Repitan la misma frase!

Imperative (Negative Command)

Yo
no repitas Don't repeat! ¡No repitas la pregunta!
Usted no repita Don't repeat! ¡No repita nada!
Nosotros no repitamos Let's not repeat! ¡No repitamos nosotros uno de los ejemplos!
Vosotros no repitáis Don't repeat! ¡No repetáis los errores del pasado!
Ustedes no repitan

Don't repeat!

¡No repitan la misma frase!