Spanish Verb Repetir Conjugation

Repetir Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

dog and owner
La perra repite lo que hace su dueña. (The dog mimics what her owner does.).

 Tim Macpherson/Getty Images

The Spanish verb repetir has much the same meaning as the English verb "repeat," usually meaning to do something over again. However, it is somewhat more flexible in usage than its English counterpart, as it can also mean to have a second helping of food or to imitate an action.

The repetir conjugation is similar to most other -ir verbs, except that the stem of repet- changes to repit- when the second syllable is stressed or when the verb is in the subjunctive mood.

Below you will find the conjugations of the present indicative, imperfect indicative, preterite indicative, future indicate, periphrastic future, conditional, and imperative tenses and moods, as well as the past participle and the gerund.

Repetir Present Indicative Tense

The present indicative tense is the most common in Spanish and is mostly used to indicate that an action is occurring or that a state of being is ongoing.

YorepitoI repeatYo repito la clase.
repitesYou repeatTú repites la pregunta.
Usted/él/ellarepiteYou/he/she repeatsElla repite todo.
NosotrosrepetimosWe repeatNosotros repetimos uno de lo ejemplos.
VosotrosrepetísYou repeatVosotros repetís los errores del pasado.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasrepitenYou/they repeatEllas repiten la misma frase.

Repetir Preterite

The preterite tense is usually the equivalent of the simple past tense in Spanish. Unlike the imperfect tense, the preterite generally indicates that an action had a clear end.

YorepetíI repeatedYo repetí la clase.
repetisteYou repeatedTú repetiste la pregunta.
Usted/él/ellarepitióYou/he/she repeatedElla repitió todo.
NosotrosrepetimosWe repeatedNosotros repetimos uno de los ejemplos.
VosotrosrepetisteisYou repeatedVosotros repetisteis los errores del pasado.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasrepitieronYou/they repeatedEllas repitieron la misma frase.

Imperfect Indicative Form of Repetir

The imperfect tense is used to refer to past events that took place over an indefinite period of time. It is usually the equivalent of "used to + verb" or "was + verb + -ing" in English.

YorepetíaI was repeatingYo repetía la clase.
repetíasYou were repeatingTú repetías la pregunta.
Usted/él/ellarepetíaYou/he/she was repeatingElla repetía todo.
NosotrosrepetíamosWe were repeatingNosotros repetíamos uno de los ejemplos.
VosotrosrepetíaisYou were repeatingVosotros repetíais los errores del pasado.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasrepetíanYou/they were repeatingEllas repetían la misma frase.

Repetir Future Tense

YorepetiréI will repeatYo repetiré la clase.
repetirásYou will repeatTú repetirás la pregunta.
Usted/él/ellarepetiráYou/he/she will repeatElla repetirá todo.
NosotrosrepetiremosWe will repeatNosotros repetiremos uno de los ejemplos.
VosotrosrepetiréisYou will repeatVosotros repetiréis los errores del pasado.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasrepetiránYou/they will repeatEllas repetirán la misma frase.

Periphrastic Future of Repetir

The periphrastic future tense is very common in Spanish, often replacing the simple future. It is the equivalent of the "going to + verb" construction in English.

Yovoy a repetirI am going to repeatYo voy a repetir la clase.
vas a repetirYou are going to repeatTú vas a repetir la pregunta.
Usted/él/ellava a repetirYou/he/she are/is going to repeatElla va a repetir todo.
Nosotrosvamos a repetirWe are going to repeatNosotros vamos a repetir uno de los ejemplos.
Vosotrosvais a repetirYou are going to repeatVosotros vais a repetir los errores del pasado.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasvan a repetirYou/they are going to repeatEllas van a repetir la misma frase.

Repetir Gerund Form

The progressive tenses in Spanish use the gerund, a verb form that is the equivalent the "-ing" ending in English. Gerunds seldom stand on their own and typically follow the verb estar.

Gerund of repetirrepitiendorepeatingÉl está repitiendo la pregunta.

Past Participle of Repetir

Past participles can function either as adjectives or as a part of a verb form beginning with haber that is used to indicate a completed action.

Participle of repetirrepetidorepeatedÉl ha repetido la pregunta.

Conditional Form of Repetir

Conditional verbs typically are translated using "would" in English. They usually indicate that something could happen if some other condition is met.

YorepetiríaI would repeatYo repetiría la clase si fuera posible.
repetiríasYou would repeatTú repetirías la pregunta si fuera posible.
Usted/él/ellarepetiríaYou/he/she would repeatElla repetiría todo si fuera posible.
NosotrosrepetiríamosWe would repeatNosotros repetiríamos uno de los ejemplos si fuera posible.
VosotrosrepetiríaisYou would repeatVosotros repetiríais los errores del pasado si fuera posible.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasrepetiríanYou/they would repeatEllas repetirían la misma frase si fuera posible.

Present Subjunctive of Repetir

The subjunctive mood is used much more frequently in Spanish than in English. It is commonly used following the relative pronoun que.

Que yoque repitaThat I repeatÉl quiere que yo repita la clase.
Que túque repitasThat you repeatQuiero que tú repitas la pregunta.
Que usted/él/ellaque repitaThat you/he/she repeatQuiero que ella repita todo.
Que nosotrosque repitamosThat we repeatÉl quiere que nosotros repitamos uno de los ejemplos.
Que vosotrosque repitáisThat you repeatNo quiero que vosotros repitáis los errores del pasado.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellasque repitanThat you/they repeatQueremos que ellas repitan la misma frase.

Imperfect Subjunctive Form of Repetir

Spanish has two forms of the past subjunctive. They are usually interchangeable; the first option below is the more common.

Option 1

Que yoque repitieraThat I repeatedAna quería que yo repitiera la clase.
Que túque repitierasThat you repeatedCarlos quería que tú repitieras la pregunta.
Que usted/él/ellaque repitieraThat you/he/she repeatedJuan quería que ella repitiera todo.
Que nosotrosque repitiéramosThat we repeatedAna quería que nosotros repitiéramos uno de los ejemplos.
Que vosotrosque repitieraisThat you repeatedCarlos quería que vosotros repitierais los errores del pasado.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellasque repitieranThat you/they repeatedJuan quería que ellas repitieran la misma frase.

 

Option 2

Que yoque repitieseThat I repeatedAna quería que yo repitiese la clase.
Que túque repitiesesThat you repeatedCarlos quería que tú repitieses la pregunta.

Que usted/él/ella

que repitieseThat you/he/she repeatedJuan quería que ella repitiese todo.
Que nosotrosque repitiésemosThat we repeatedAna quería que nosotros repitiésemos uno de los ejemplos.
Que vosotrosque repitieseisThat you repeatedCarlos quería que vosotros repitieseis los errores del pasado.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellasque repitiesenThat you/they repeatedJuan quería que ellas repitiesen la misma frase.

Imperative Forms of Vivir

The imperative mood is used in making commands. Spanish has no imperative form in the first-person singular; the language assumes you won't talk out loud in telling yourself what to do.

Imperative (Positive Command)

Yo — — —
repiteRepeat!¡Repite la pregunta!
UstedrepitaRepeat!¡Repita todo!
NosotrosrepitamosLet's repeat!¡Repitamos uno de los ejemplos!
VosotrosrepetidRepeat!¡Repetid los errores del pasado!
UstedesrepitanRepeat!¡Repitan la misma frase!

Imperative (Negative Command)

Yo — — —
no repitasDon't repeat!¡No repitas la pregunta!
Ustedno repitaDon't repeat!¡No repita nada!
Nosotrosno repitamosLet's not repeat!¡No repitamos nosotros uno de los ejemplos!
Vosotrosno repitáisDon't repeat!¡No repetáis los errores del pasado!
Ustedesno repitan

Don't repeat!

¡No repitan la misma frase!