Republican Rome Timeline

Timeline of the Period of the Late Republic of Rome

3rd Century - 200s B.C.

Archimedes' lever engraving from Mechanics Magazine published in London in 1824.
Archimedes' lever engraving from Mechanics Magazine published in London in 1824. PD Courtesy of Wikipedia.
  • 298-290 - The Third Samnite War.
  • 295 - Sentinum.
  • 283 - Lake Vadimonis.
  • 281-272 - Pyrrhus.
  • 280 - Battle of Heraclea led by King Pyrrhus of Epirus
  • 279 - Battle of Asculum (Pyrrhic Victory).
  • 274 - Battle of Beneventum.
  • 272 - Rome mistress of Italy; morality at its height.
  • 264 - Period of foreign conquest begins.
  • 264-241 - First Punic War.
  • 263 - Hiero of Syracuse makes peace with Rome.
  • 262 - Capture of Agrigentum.
  • 260 - Naval victory at Mylae.
  • 257 - Tyndaris.
  • 256 - Ecnomus - Regulus at Clupea.
  • 255 - Defeat of Regulus.
  • 249 - Drepana.
  • 241 - Aegatēs Insulae naval battle with C. Lutatius Catulus. Hamilcar Barca.
  • 240 - Beginning of Roman drama, with Livius Andronicus.
  • 237 - Sardinia and Corsica acquired, and provincial system established.
  • 229-228 - First Illyrian War.
  • 227 - Rome makes Sardinia and Sicily its first provinces.
  • 225-222 - First Gallic War.
  • 222 - Gallia Cisalpina acquired by the battle of Telamon.
  • 220 - Hannibal in Spain.
  • 219 - Second Illyrian War. Saguntum.
  • 218-202 - Second Punic War. Timeline of the 2nd Punic War.
  • 218 - Ticinus - Trebia.
  • 217 - Trasimenus - Casilinum.
  • 216 - Cannae.
  • 212 - Capture of Syracuse. Archimedes.
  • 207 - Baecula - Metaurus.
  • 202 - Zama.
  • 214-205 - First Macedonian War.
  • 204 - Cult of Magna Mater introduced.

Roman Literature Timeline

2nd Century - 100s B.C.

Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi, by Noel Halle, 1779 (Musee Fabre)
Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi, by Noel Halle, 1779 (Musee Fabre). Public Domain. Courtesy of Wikipedia.
  • 200-197 - Second Macedonian War.
  • 198 - Battle of Cynoscephalae.
  • 190 - Magnesia.
  • 186 - Bacchanalia suppressed.
  • 183 - Death of Africanus, Hannibal, and Philopoemen.
  • 171-168 - Third Macedonian War.
  • 168 - Battle of Pydna.
  • 150 - War with Masinissa. The war in Lusitania.
  • 149-146 - Third Punic War.
  • 149 - Death of Cato the Elder.
  • 148-133 - Numantine War.
  • 147-46 - Achaean War.
  • 146 - Destruction of Carthage and Corinth.
  • 143-133 - The Numantine War.
  • 137 - Tiberius Gracchus is Quaestor in Spain.
  • 134-132 - The Servile War.
  • 133 - Tiberius Gracchus murdered.
  • 129 - Death of Scipio Africanus the younger.
  • 126 - Expulsion of allies from Rome.
  • 125 - Revolt of Fregellae
  • 123, 122 - Gaius Gracchus elected tribune. Extension of the Agrarian law. Soldiers equipped at public expense.
  • 121 - Death of Gaius Gracchus.
  • 120 - Accession of Mithradates King of Pontus.
  • 118-104 - The Jugurthine War - Metellus. Marius. Sulla.
  • 108 - Marius elected consul.
  • 105 - Battle of Arausio.
  • 104 - Marius 2nd Consulship. Re-elected every year from 104 - 100 B.C.
  • 102 - Battle of Aquae Sextiae (vs. Teutones).
  • 101 - Battle of Vercellae (vs. Cimbri).
  • 100 - Birth of Julius Caesar. Caesar Timeline.
Julius Caesar. Marble, mid-first century A.D., discovery on the island of Pantelleria.
CC Flickr User euthman. Julius Caesar
  • 90-89 - The Italian or Social War.
  • 88 - Mithradates' massacre of Italians.
  • 87 - Proscriptions under Marius. Sulla goes to Greece.
  • 86 - 7th consulship and death of Marius.
  • 86-84 - Sulla's campaign against Mithradates. (86) Sulla's victory over Mithradates at a Battle of Chaeronea. (85) Sulla's victory at the Battle of Orchomenus.
  • 84 - Death of Cinna.
  • 83 - Sulla returns to Italy. Second Mithridatic War.
  • 82 - Proscriptions under Sulla.
  • 81 - Sulla dictator.
  • 80 - Reforms of Sulla.
  • 79 - Sulla resigns as the dictator. War with Sertorius.
  • 78 - Death of Sulla.
  • 74 - 3rd Mithridatic War.
  • 73-71 - Spartacus.
  • 72 - Sertorius in Spain dies.
  • 72-67 - Campaign of Lucullus against Mithradates.
  • 71 - End of war in Spain.
  • 69 - Battle of Tigranocerta.
  • 67 - Pompey conquers the pirates.
  • 67-61 - Pompey in the East.
  • 64 - Pompey makes Syria a Roman province and takes Jerusalem.
  • 63 - Death of Mithradates. Cicero Consul. Catiline. Pompey returns to Italy.
  • 59 - First Triumvirate formed - Caesar's first Consulship.
  • 59 - The Leges Juliae. Clodius - Cicero's banishment. Cato sent to Cyprus.
  • 58-49 - Caesar in Gaul.
  • 57 - Recall of Cicero - Return of Cato.
  • 53 - Death of Crassus.
  • 52 - Murder of Clodius. The trial of Milo for the murder of Clodius (Cicero unsuccessfully defends Milo).
  • 49 - Caesar crosses the Rubicon causing a civil war.
  • 49 - Siege and capture of Ilerda.
  • 48 (Jan. 4) - Caesar sails from Brundisium.
  • 48 - Victory of Pompey near the seaboard.
  • 48 - (Aug. 9) Pharsalia(Sept. 28) Murder of Pompey.Caesar establishes Cleopatra on the throne of Egypt.
  • 47 - Battle of Zela.
  • 47 (Sept.) - Caesar returns to Rome.
  • 46 (Apr. 4) - Thapsus - Death of Cato the younger.
  • 45 (Mar. 17) - Munda.
  • 44 (Mar. 15= The Ides of March). Murder of Caesar. 44 B.C - was also the year:
    There was an eruption of Mt - Aetna described by Livy

    [Reference: "In the Wake of Etna, 44 B.C.," by P - Y - Forsyth. Classical Antiquity, Vol - 7, No - 1 (Apr., 1988), pp - 49-57.]

Articles on the End of the Roman Republic

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Gill, N.S. "Republican Rome Timeline." ThoughtCo, Feb. 7, 2017, thoughtco.com/republican-rome-timeline-120848. Gill, N.S. (2017, February 7). Republican Rome Timeline. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/republican-rome-timeline-120848 Gill, N.S. "Republican Rome Timeline." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/republican-rome-timeline-120848 (accessed May 26, 2018).