Rightly-Guided Caliphs

Leadership of the Muslim community after the death of the Prophet Muhammad

After the death of the Prophet Muhammad, someone needed to take over leadership of the growing Muslim community. While nobody could replace the Prophet, administrative duties needed attention. The first four leaders after the Prophet Muhammad are known among Sunni Muslims as the "Rightly-Guided Caliphs" of Islam:

Dispute over this succession of leaders led to the historical split between Shia and Sunni Islam.