Roman Battles

A Table of Roman Battles

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Gill, N.S. "Roman Battles." ThoughtCo, Jul. 10, 2017, thoughtco.com/roman-battles-timeline-120805. Gill, N.S. (2017, July 10). Roman Battles. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/roman-battles-timeline-120805 Gill, N.S. "Roman Battles." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/roman-battles-timeline-120805 (accessed October 22, 2017).
We are beaten, o Romans, in a great battle, our army is destroyed', c1912 (1912)
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For the purposes of this table of Roman battles in both the Republican and Imperial periods, the presumption is the Romans won, so if they lost, the event is worth highlighting: the winners' column is bolded only when the Romans are not the victors. Another point worth stressing is that these are battles, not entire wars, so don't be too surprised to see Julius Caesar in the losers' column.

In cases where there are rebel Romans, the winning Romans are not bolded, since Romans both won and lost.

Roman slaves were not Roman citizens, so in the Spartacan battles, when the Roman citizens lost, the Spartacan victors are bolded.

Where neither side was a clear victor, the loser category lists both sides.

The "Name of the Battle" column refers to the place of fighting or a known locale nearby.

This list is based on the list compiled at UNRV, with some additions from Dictionary of battles from the earliest date to the present time. For even more Roman conflicts, see Nova Roma's Roman Timeline.

 

YearName of
the Battle
WinnerLoser
496 B.C.Lake RegillusRomansEtruscans
431 B.C.Mt. AlgidusRomansAequians and Volscians
396 B.C.Siege of VeiiRomansEtruscans
390 B.C.AlliaGauls (Brennus)Romans (A. Quintus Sulpicius)
342 B.C.Mount GaurusRomans (M. Valerius Corvus)Samnites
339 B.C.VesuviusLatinsRomans (P. Decius Mus)
338 B.C.TrifanumRomans (T. Manlius Torquatus)Latins
321 B.C.Caudine ForksSamnites (Gaius Pontius)Romans (S. Postumius, V. Calvinius)
316 B.C.LatulaeSamnitesRomans
315 B.C.CiunaRomansSamnites
310 B.C.Lake VadimoRomansEtruscans
305 B.C.BovianumRomans (M. Fulvius, L. Postumius)Samnites
298 B.C.CamerinumSamnitesRomans (L. Cornelius Scipio)
295 B.C.SentinumRomans (F. Rullianus, P. Decius Mus)Samnites, Etruscans, Gauls, Umbrians
293 B.C.AquiloniaRomansSamnites
285 B.C.ArretiumGaulsRomans (Lucius Caecilius)
283 B.C.Lake VadimoRomans (P. Cornelius Dolabello)Etruscans, Gauls
282 B.C.PopuloniaRomansEtruscans
280 B.C.HeracleaEpirus (Pyrrhus)Romans (P. Valerius Laevinus)
279 B.C.AsculumEpirus (Pyrrhus)Romans (C. Fabricius Luscinus)
275 B.C.BeneventumRomans (M.Curius Dentatus)Epirus (Pyrrhus)
261 B.C.AgrigentumRomansCarthaginians (Hannibal, Gisco, Hanno)
260 B.C.Lipara Islands (Naval)CarthaginiansRome
260 B.C.Mylae (Naval)Romans (C. Duillius)Carthaginians
256 B.C.Cape EcnomusRomans (M. Atilius Regulus)Carthaginians (Hamilcar, Hanno)
256 B.C.AdysRomans (Regulus)Carthaginians
255 B.C.TunesCarthaginians/Greeks (Xanthippus)Romans (Regulus)
251 B.C.PanormusRomans (L. Caecilius Metellus)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal)
249 B.C.Drepanum (Naval)Carthaginians (Adherbal)Romans (P. Claudius Pulcher)
242 B.C.Aegates IslandsRomans (C. Lutatius Catulus)Carthaginians (Hanno)
225 B.C.FaesulaeGaulsRomans
225 B.C.TelamonRomans (Papus, Regulus)Gauls
222 B.C.ClastidumRomans (M. Claudius Marcellus)Gauls
218 B.C.TicinusCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (P. Cornelius Scipio)
218 B.C.TrebiaCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (T. Sempronius Longus)
217 B.C.Lake TrasimeneCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (C.Flaminius)
216 B.C.CannaeCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (C. Terentius Varro)
216 B.C.NolaRomans (M. Claudius Marcellus)Carthaginians (Hannibal)
215 B.C.Nola, againRomans (M. Claudius Marcellus)Carthaginians (Hannibal)
214 B.C.Nola, again--Draw: Romans (M. Claudius Marcellus)

Carthaginians (Hannibal)

212 B.C.1st Battle of CapuaCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (Fulvius Flaccus, Appius Claudius)
212 B.C.SilarusCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (M. Centenius Pentula)
212 B.C.HerdoniaCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (Gnaeus Fulvius)
211 B.C.SyracuseRomans (M. Claudius Marcellus)Syracusans
211 B.C.Upper BaetisCarthaginians (Hasdrubal)Romans (Gnaeus and Publius Cornelius Scipio)
211 B.C.2nd Battle of Capua (siege)RomansCarthaginians (Hannibal)
210 B.C.Herdonia, againCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (Gnaeus Fulvius)
210 B.C.NumistroCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (M. Claudius Marcellus)
209 B.C.AsculumCarthaginians (Hannibal)Romans (M. Claudius Marcellus)
208 B.C.BaeculaRomans (P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal Barca)
207 B.C.Grumentum--Draw: Romans (C. Claudius Nero)

Carthaginians (Hannibal)

207 B.C.MetaurusRomans (C. Claudius Nero)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal Barca)
206 B.C.IlipaRomans (P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal)
203 B.C.BagbradesRomans (P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal/Syphax)
202 B.C.ZamaRomans (P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus)Carthaginians (Hannibal)
198 B.C.AousRomans (T. Quinctius Flaminius)Macedonians (Philip V)
197 B.C.CynoscephalaeRomans (T. Quinctius Flaminius)Macedonians (Philip V)
194 B.C.MutinaRomansGauls
194 B.C.GythiumAchaeans, RomansSpartans
191 B.C.ThermopylaeRomans (M. Acilius Glabrio)Seleucia (Antiochus III)
190 B.C.Eurymedon (Naval)Romans (L. Aemilius Regillus)Seleucia (Hannibal)
190 B.C.Myonessus (Naval)RomansSeleucia
190 B.C.MagnesiaRomans (L. Cornelius Scipio, Scipio Africanus)Seleucia (Antiochus III)
171 B.C.CallicinusMacedonians (Perseus)Romans (P. Licinius Crassus)
168 B.C.PydnaRomans (L. Aemilius Paullus)Macedonians (Perseus)
148 B.C.PydnaRomans (Q. Caecilius Metellus)Macedonians (Andriscus)
146 B.C.CarthageRomans (P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus)Carthaginians (Hasdrubal)
146 B.C.CorinthRomans (Lucius Mummius)Achaeans, Corinthians (Critolaus)
133 B.C.NumantiaRomans (P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus)Celtiberians
109 B.C.Transalpine GaulHelvetiiRomans (Silanus)
108 B.C.MuthulRomans (Caecilius Metellus)Numidians (Jugurtha)
107 B.C.Transalpine GaulHelvetiiRomans (Cassius)
106 B.C.CirtaRomans (Marius)Numidians (Jughurta/Bocchus)
105 B.C.ArausioCimbri and TeutonesRomans (Mallius Maximus, Q. Servilius Caepio)
102 B.C.Aquae SextiaeRomans (Marius)Teutones and Ambrones
101 B.C.VercellaeRomans (Marius/Q. Lutatius Catulus)Cimbri
89 B.C.Fucine LakeItaliansRomans (L. Porcius Cato)
89 B.C.AsculumRomans (C. Pompeius Strabo)Italians
86 B.C.Chaeronea (Chaironeia)Romans (Sulla)Pontus (Archelaus)
86 B.C.OrchomenusRomans (Sulla)Pontus (Archelaus)
83 B.C.Mount TifataRomans (Sulla)Romans (Caius Norbanus)
82 B.C.Colline GateRomans (Sulla)Romans, Samnites (Cn. Papirius Carbo, Telesinus)
80 B.C.Baetis RiverRoman Rebels (Q. Sertorius)Romans (L. Fulfidias)
74 B.C.CyzicusRomans (L. Licinius Lucullus)Pontus (Mithridates VI)
72 B.C.CabiraRomans (L. Licinius Lucullus)Pontus (Mithridates VI)
72 B.C.PicenumSlave Revolt (Spartacus)Romans (Lentulus, Publicola)
72 B.C.MutinaSlave Revolt (Spartacus)Romans
71 B.C.CampaniaSlave Revolt (Spartacus)Romans
71 B.C.CampaniaRomans (Crassus)Slave Revolt (Spartacus)
71 B.C.Silarus River(M. Licinius CrassusSlave Revolt (Spartacus)
69 B.C.TigranocertaRomans (L. Licinius Lucullus)Armenia (Trigranes)
68 B.C.ArtaxataRomans (L. Licinius Lucullus)Armenia (Trigranes)
66 B.C.LycusRomans (Pompey)Pontus (Mithridates VI)
62 B.C.PistoriaRomans (G. Antonius)Rebel Romans (Catilinus)
58 B.C.ArarRomans (Julius Caesar)Helvetii (Orgetorix)
58 B.C.BibracteRomans (Julius Caesar)Helvetii (Orgetorix)
58 B.C.AlsaceRomans (Julius Caesar)Germans (Ariovistus)
57 B.C.AxonaRomans (Julius Caesar)Belgae (Galba of the Seussiones)
57 B.C.Sabis RiverRomans (Julius Caesar)Nervii
56 B.C.Morbihan GulfRomans (D. Junius Brutus)Veneti
53 B.C.CarrhaeParthians (Surenas)Romans (Crassus)
52 B.C.GergoviaGauls (Vercingetorix)Romans (Julius Caesar)
52 B.C.Lutetia ParisiorumRomans (T. Labienus)Gauls (Camulogenus)
52 B.C.DijonRomans (Julius Caesar)Gauls (Vercingetorix)
52 B.C.Siege of AlesiaRomans (Julius Caesar)Gauls (Vercingetorix)
49 B.C.Bagrades RiverRomans, Numidians (Attius Varus, King Juba)Romans (Gaius Curio)
48 B.C.DyrrhachiumRomans (Pompey)Romans (Julius Caesar)
48 B.C.PharsalusRomans (Julius Caesar)Romans (Pompey)
47 B.C.AlexandriaRomans (Julius Caesar)Egyptians (Ptolemy XIII)
47 B.C.ZelaRomans (Julius Caesar)Pontus (Pharnaces)
46 B.C.ThapsusRomans (Julius Caesar)Romans (Q.Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio)
45 B.C.MundaRomans (Julius Caesar)Romans (Pompey)
43 B.C.Forum GallorumRomans (Mark Antony)Romans (Pansa)
43 B.C.MutinaRomans (Hirtius)Romans (Mark Antony)
42 B.C.1st Philippi--Draw: Romans (Mark Antony, Octavian [Augustus])

Romans (M. Junius Brutus, C. Cassius Longinus)

42 B.C.2nd PhilippiRomans (Mark Antony, Octavian [Augustus])Romans (M. Junius Brutus)
41 B.C.PerusiaRomans (Octavian [Augustus])Romans (Lucius Antonius)
36 B.C.Naulochus (Naval)Romans (Agrippa)Romans (Sex. Pompeius Magnus)
36 B.C.MylexRomans (Agrippa)Romans (Sex. Pompeius Magnus)
36 B.C.Phraaspa--Draw: Romans (Mark Antony)

Parthians (Phraates IV)

31 B.C.Actium (Naval)Romans (Agrippa)Romans (Mark Antony)
11 B.C.LippeRomans (Drusus)Germans (Sicambri, Suevi and Cherusii)
A.D. 9Teutoburger WaldGermans (Arminius)Romans (P. Quinctilius Varus)
A.D. 16IdistavisusRomans (G. Claudius Drusus Germanicus)Germans (Arminius)
A.D. 22ThalaRomans Legio III AugustaBerbers of Numidia (Tacfarinas)
A.D. 43MedwayRomans (Claudius and Aulus Plautus)British Celts (Caractacus and Togodumnus)
A.D. 50Caer CaradockRomans (Ostorius Scapula)British Celts (Caractacus)
A.D. 61Towcester (Watling Street)Romans (Suetonius)Iceni (Boudicca)
A.D. 62RhandeiaParthians (Tiridates)Romans (L. Caesennius Paetus)
A.D. 67JotapataRomans (Vespasian)Jews (Josephus)
A.D. 69Bedriacum (1st Cremona)Romans (Vitellius)Romans (Otho)
A.D. 69Bedriacum (2nd Cremona)Romans (A. Primus, Vespasian)Romans (Vitellius)
A.D. 70JerusalemRomans (Vespasian/Titus)Jews
A.D. 84Mons GraupiusRomans (Agricola)Caledonians (Calgacus)
A.D. 88TapaeRomans (Tettius Julianus)Dacians (Decebalus)
A.D. 101TapaeRomans (Trajan)Dacians (Decebalus)
A.D. 102SarmizegethusaRomans (Trajan)Dacians (Decebalus)
A.D. 105SarmizegethusaRomans (Trajan)Dacians (Decebalus)
A.D. 117HatraParthiansRomans (Trajan)
A.D. 166/5Ctesiphon/SeleuciaRomans (G. Avidius Cassius)Parthians
A.D. 169Siege of AquileaMarcomanni, QuadiRomans
A.D. 169-180Marcus Aurelius' Wars with the GermansVariousRomans

Marcomanii, Quadi

A.D. 193CyzicusRomans (Severus)Romans (Pescennius Niger)
A.D. 194NicaeaRomans (Severus)Romans (Pescennius Niger)
A.D. 194IssusRomans (Severus)Romans (Pescennius Niger)
A.D. 197LugdunumRomans (Severus)Romans (Albinus)
A.D. 197/8CtesiphonRomans (Severus)Parthians
A.D. 198/9HatraParthiansRomans (Severus)
A.D. 217NisibisParthians (Artabatus V)Romans (Macrinus)
A.D. 218AntiochRomans (Varius Avitus)Romans (Macrinus)
A.D. 238CarthageRomans (Maximinus)Romans (Gordian II)
A.D. 243ResaenaRomans (Gordian III)Persians (Shapur I)
A.D. 243VeronaRomans (Decius)Romans (Philip the Arab)
A.D. 250PhilippopolisGoths (King Cuiva)Romans
A.D. 251AbrittusGoths (Cuiva)Romans (Decius)
A.D. 259MediolanumRomans (Gallienus)Juthungi
A.D. 260EdessaPersia (Shapur I)Romans (Valerian)
A.D. 261BalkansRomans (Domitianus)Romans (F. Iunius Macrianus)
A.D. 268NaissusRomans (Claudius II Gothicus)Goths
A.D. 268MediolanumRomans (Claudius II Gothicus)Romans (M. Acilius Aureolus)
A.D. 268Lake BenacusRomans (Claudius II Gothicus)Alemanni
A.D. 271Fanum FortunaeRomans (Aurelian)Alemanni
A.D. 271PaviaRomans (Aurelian)Alemanni
A.D. 271PlacentiaAlemanni, Marcomanni, JuthungiRomans (Aurelian)
A.D. 272ImmaeRomans (Aurelian)Palmyrenes (Zenobia)
A.D. 272EmesaRomans (Aurelian)Palmyrenes (Zenobia)
A.D. 273PalmyraRomans (Aurelian)Palmyrenes
A.D. 274Campi CatalauniiRomans (Aurelian)Romans (Tetricus)
A.D. 285MargusRomans (Diocletian)Romans (Carinus)
A.D. 296SilchesterRomans (Asclepiodotus)Romans (Allectus)
A.D. 296CallinicumPersians (Narses)Romans (Galerius)
A.D. 297ArmeniaRomans (Galerius)Persians (Narses)
A.D. 297CtesiphonRomans (Galerius)Persians
A.D. 298LingonesRomans (Constantius Chlorus)Alemanni
A.D. 298VindonissaRomans (Constantius Chlorus)Alemanni
A.D. 312TaurinorumRomans (Constantine)Romans (Maxentius)
A.D. 312VeronaRomans (Constantine)Romans (Maxentius
A.D. 312Rome (Milvian Bridge)Romans (Constantine)Romans (Maxentius)
A.D. 313TzirallumRomans (Licinius)Romans (Maximinus Daia)
A.D. 314CibalaeRomans (Constantine)Romans (Licinius)
A.D. 314MardiaRomans (Constantine)Romans (Licinius)
A.D. 323AdrianopleRomans (Constantine)Romans (Licinius)
A.D. 323Hellespont (Naval)Romans (F. Julius Crispus)Romans (Licinius)
A.D. 324ChrysopolisRomans (Constantine)Romans (Licinius)
A.D. 344SingaraRomans (Constantius II)Persians (Shapur II)
A.D. 351MursaRomans (Constantius II)Romans (Magnentius)
A.D. 353Mons SeleucusRomans (Constantius II)Romans (Magnentius)
A.D. 356ReimsAlemanniaRomans (Julian)
A.D. 357ArgentorateRomans (Julian)Alemanni
A.D. 359AmidaPersiansRomans
A.D. 363CtesiphonRomans (Julian)Persians (Shapur II)
A.D. 367SoliciniumRomans (Valentinian)Alemanni
A.D. 377WillowsRomansVisigoths (Fritigern)
A.D. 378ArgentariaRomans (Gratianus)Alemanni
A.D. 378AdrianopleGoths (Fritigern)Romans (Valens)
A.D. 387SisciaRomans (Theodosius)Romans (Magnus Maximus)
A.D. 394River FrigidusRomans (Theodosius)Romans (Arbogast/Eugenius)
A.D. 402AstaRomans (Stilicho)Visigoths (Alaric)
A.D. 402PollentiaRomans (Stilicho)Visigoths (Alaric)
A.D. 403VeronaRomans (Stilicho)Visigoths (Alaric)
A.D. 410Sack of RomeVisigoths (Alaric)Romans
A.D. 425ItalyRomans (Aetius)Visigoths (Theodoric)
A.D. 432RavennaRomans (Aetius)Romans (Boniface)
A.D. 436NarbonneRomans (Aetius)Visigoths (Theodoric)
A.D. 447UtusRomansHuns (Attila)
A.D. 451Campi CatalauniiRomans (Aetius/Theodoric I)Huns (Attila)
A.D. 455Sack of RomeVandals (Geiseric)Romans
A.D. 468CarthageVandals (Geiseric)Romans (Basiliscus)
A.D. 472RomeRomans (Ricimer)Romans
A.D. 476Fall of RomeGermans (Odoacer)Romans
YearName of
the Battle
WinnerLoser