RUIZ Surname Meaning and Origin

What Does the Last Name Ruiz Mean?

The Ruiz surname means son of Ruy, deriving from a given name that means "powerful ruler."
Peopleimages / Getty Images

Ruiz is a patronymic surname meaning "son of Ruy," a short form of the given name Rodrigo. Rodrigo derives from the Germanic name Roderick (Hrodric), from the elements hrod, meaning "renown" and ric, meaning "power."

Surname Origin: Spanish

Alternate Surname Spellings: RUIZE, ROIZ, ROIZE, RODRIZ, RUDERIZ

Famous People with the Surname RUIZ

  • - former wife of actor Clint Eastwood, former news anchor
  • José Francisco Ruiz - 19th century Texas pioneer and revolutionary
  • Blas Ruiz - Spanish explorer
  • Carlos Ruiz - Panamanian professional MLB baseball player
  • Bartolomé Ruiz - Spanish conquistador

Where Do People With the RUIZ Surname Live?

Ruiz is the 201st most common surname in the world, according to surname distribution data from Forebears, found in greatest numbers in Mexico and with the highest density in Nicaragua. The Rivera surname is also very common in Spain (ranked 12th), Argentina (14th) and Paraguay (17th).

Within Europe, Ruiz is most frequently found in Spain, according to WorldNames PublicProfiler, especially in the Cantabria region, followed by the regions of La Rioja, Andalucia, Murcia and Castilla-La Mancha. The surname is also very common in Argentina, and found in lesser numbers in France and the United States.

Genealogy Resources for the Surname RUIZ

100 Common Hispanic Surnames & Their Meanings
Garcia, Martinez, Rodriguez, Lopez, Hernandez... Are you one of the millions of people sporting one of these top 100 common Hispanic last names?

How to Research Hispanic Heritage
Learn how to get started researching your Hispanic ancestors, including the basics of family tree research and country specific organizations, genealogical records, and resources for Spain, Latin America, Mexico, Brazil, the Caribbean and other Spanish speaking countries.

Ruiz Family Crest - It's Not What You Think
Contrary to what you may hear, there is no such thing as a Ruiz family crest or coat of arms for the Ruiz surname. Coats of arms are granted to individuals, not families, and may rightfully be used only by the uninterrupted male line descendants of the person to whom the coat of arms was originally granted. 

Ruiz Family Genealogy Forum
Search this popular genealogy forum for the Ruiz surname to find others who might be researching your ancestors, or post your own Ruiz query.

FamilySearch - RUIZ Genealogy
Access over 3.3 million free historical records and lineage-linked family trees posted for the Ruiz surname and its variations on this free genealogy website hosted by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

GeneaNet - Ruiz Records
GeneaNet includes archival records, family trees, and other resources for individuals with the Ruiz surname, with a concentration on records and families from France, Spain, and other European countries.

RUIZ Surname & Family Mailing Lists
This free mailing list for researchers of the Ruiz surname and its variations includes subscription details and a searchable archives of past messages. - RUIZ Genealogy & Family History
Explore free databases and genealogy links for the last name Ruiz.

The Ruiz Genealogy and Family Tree Page
Browse family trees and links to genealogical and historical records for individuals with the last name Ruiz from the website of Genealogy Today.

References: Surname Meanings & Origins

Cottle, Basil. Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967.

Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Collins Celtic (Pocket edition), 1998.

Fucilla, Joseph. Our Italian Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 2003.

Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989.

Hanks, Patrick. Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003.

Reaney, P.H. A Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1997.

Smith, Elsdon C. American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997.

>> Back to Glossary of Surname Meanings & Origins