Russian Numbers 1-100: Pronunciation and Usage

Russian banknotes
Russian banknotes of one thousand, five thousand rubles. Konstantin Gavrilov / Getty Images

Numbers are used a lot in Russian everyday life. Whether you need to ask which bus to take or are buying something in a shop, you will need to know how to use the numerical system in Russian.

Russian cardinal numbers tell the quantity of something. They are easy to learn and tend to follow a simple structure. 

Numbers 1 - 10

Russian Number English Translation Pronunciation
один one aDEEN
два two DVAH
три three TREE
четыре four chyTYry
пять five PHYAT'
шесть six SHEST'
семь seven SYEM'
восемь eight VOsyem'
девять nine DYEvyt'
десять ten DYEsyt'

Numbers 11-19

To form these numbers, simply add "NATtsat" to one of the numbers from 1 to 9.

Russian Number English Translation Pronunciation
одиннадцать eleven aDEEnatsat'
двенадцать twelve dvyNATtsat'
тринадцать thirteen tryNATtsat'
четырнадцать fourteen chyTYRnatsat'
пятнадцать fifteen pytNATtsat'
шестнадцать sixteen shystNATtsat'
семнадцать seventeen symNATtsat'
восемнадцать eighteen vasymNATtsat'
девятнадцать nineteen dyevytNATtsat'

Numbers 20-30

To form any number from 20 onwards, add a number between 1 and 9 to 20, 30, 40, etc. The number 30 is formed in a similar way to 20, by adding 'дцать' to два and три:

два + дцать = двадцать (twenty)
три + дцать = тридцать (thirty)

Russian Number English Translation Pronunciation
двадцать twenty DVATtsat'
двадцать один twenty-one DVATtsat' aDEEN
двадцать два twenty-two DVATtsat' DVAH
двадцать три twenty-three DVATtsat' TREE
двадцать четыре twenty-four DVATtsat' cyTYry
двадцать пять twenty-five DVATtsat' PYAT'
двадцать шесть twenty-six DVATtsat' SHEST'
двадцать семь twenty-seven DVATtsat' SYEM'
двадцать восемь twenty-eight DVATtsat' VOHsyem'
двадцать девять twenty-nine DVATtsat' DYEvyt'
тридцать thirty TREEtsat'

Numbers 40-49

The number 40 is quite different from the other numbers in the 20-100 sequence and has a name that does not follow the same rules as the other numbers. However, all the numbers from 41 to 49 have the same structure as the ones in the 21-29 group, and are formed in the same way. This is also the case for all other groups of 1-9 numbers added to a multiple of ten (20-100).

Russian Number English Translation Pronunciation
сорок forty SOruk
сорок один forty-one Soruk aDEEN

Numbers 50, 60, 70, and 80

Created by adding 5, 6, 7, or 8, and the particle "десят"; these numbers are easy to remember.

Russian Number English Translation Pronunciation
пятьдесят fifty pyat'dySYAT
шестьдесят sixty shest'dySYAT
семьдесят seventy SYEM'dysyat
восемьдесят eighty VOsyem'dysyat

Number 90

Number 90 should simply be memorized, as it is unique in the way it is formed. However, all other numbers between 91 and 99 follow the same structure as the others and are created by adding a number from 1 to 9 to девяносто.

Russian Number English Translation Pronunciation
девяносто ninety dyevyeNOStuh

Number 100

The number 100 is сто in Russian, pronounced "sto." 

Ordinal Numbers in Russian

Ordinal numbers indicate order or position. Unlike in English, Russian ordinal numbers change their endings based on the case, number, and gender that they are in. The numbers below are in the nominative singular masculine. You will need to learn these first before learning the rules of declension.

Russian Number English Translation Pronunciation
первый first PYERvy
второй second ftaROY
третий third TRYEty
четвертый fourth chytVYORty
пятый fifth PYAty
шестой sixth shysTOY
седьмой seventh syd'MOY
восьмой eighth vas'MOY
девятый ninth dyVYAty
десятый tenth dySYAty

Have a look at the way the word "первый" ("the first") changes according to its case.

Russian Case Russian Number Pronunciation English Translation
Nominative первый PYERvy the first (one)
Genitive первого PYERvovo of the first (one)
Dative первому PYERvamoo to the first (one)
Accusative первый PYERvy the first (one)
Instrumental первым PYERvym by the first (one)
Prepositional (о) первом (Oh) PYERvum about the first (one)

Examples:

- Разговор шел о первом деле.
- razgaVOR SHYOL ah PYERvum DYElye.
- The conversation was about the first case.

- Ну, с первым пунктом все ясно, давайте перейдем ко второму, и побыстрее.
- Nu, s PYERvym POOnktum VSYO YASnuh, pyeryDYOM kaftaROmu, ee pabystRYEye.
- Right, the first point is clear, let's move on to the second one, and let's be quick.

Ordinal numbers also change when they are in the plural:

Russian Case Russian Number Pronunciation English Translation
Nominative первые PYERvyye the first ones
Genitive первых PYERvyh of the first ones
Dative первым PYERvym to the first ones
Accusative первые PYERvyye the first ones
Instrumental первыми PYERvymee by the first ones
Prepositional о первых oh PYERvykh about the first ones

Examples:

- Первыми об этом узнали мои коллеги.
- PYERvymee ab EHtum oozNAlee maYEE kaLYEghee
- The first ones to find out were my colleagues.

- Первым делом надо поздороваться.
- PYERvym DYElum NAduh pazdaROvat'sya.
- The first thing you need to do is say hello.

Ordinal numbers also change by gender:

Case Translation Masculine Pronunciation Feminine Pronunciation Neutral Pronunciation
Nominative Second второй ftaROY вторая ftaRAya второе ftaROye
Genitive (Of) the second второго ftaROva второй ftaROY второго ftaROva
Dative (To) the second второму ftaROmu второй ftaROY второму ftaROmu
Accusative Second второй ftaROY вторую ftaROOyu второе ftaROye
Instrumental (By) the second вторым ftaRYM второй ftaROY вторым ftaRYM
Prepositional (About) the second втором ftaROM второй ftaROY втором ftaROM

Compound Ordinal Numbers

For compound ordinal numbers, you only need to change the last word. In compound ordinal numbers only the last word is an ordinal number, while the other words remain cardinal numbers. This is similar to the way compound ordinal numbers are formed in English, for example: twenty seven - twenty seventh. Note how in the table below the only number that changes is "шесть", while the other two numbers remain exactly the same.

Case Translation Masculine Pronunciation Feminine Pronunciation Neutral Pronunciation Plural All Genders Pronunciation
Nominative (One) hundred and thirty-sixth сто тридцать шестой STOH TRITsat shysTOY сто тридцать шестая STOH TRITsat shysTAya сто тридцать шестое STOH TRITsat shysTOye сто тридцать шестые STOH TRITsat shysTYye
Genitive (Of) the (one) hundred and thirty-sixth one сто тридцать шестого STOH TRITsat shysTOva сто тридцать шестой STOH TRITsat shysTOY сто тридцать шестого STOH TRITsat shysTOva сто тридцать шестых STOH TRITsat shysTYKH
Dative (To) the (one) hundred and thirty-sixth сто тридцать шестому STOH TRITsat shysTOmu сто тридцать шестой STOH TRITsat shysTOY сто тридцать шестому STOH TRITsat shysTOmu сто тридцать шестым STOH TRITsat shysTYM
Accusative (One) hundred and thirty-sixth сто тридцать шестой STOH TRITsat shysTOY сто тридцать шестую STOH TRITsat shysTOOyu сто тридцать шестое STOH TRITsat shysTOye сто тридцать шестые FTOH TRITsat shysTYye
Instrumental (By) the (one) hundred and thirty-sixth one сто тридцать шестым STOH TRITsat shysTYM сто тридцать шестой STOH TRITsat shysTOY сто тридцать шестым STOH TRITsat shysTYM сто тридцать шестыми STOH TRITsat shysTYmi
Prepositional (About) the hundred and thirty-sixth one сто тридцать шестом STOH TRITsat shysTOM сто тридцать шестой STOH TRITsat shysTOY сто тридцать шестом STOH TRITsat shysTOM сто тридцать шестых STOH TRITsat shysTYKH