Numbers are used a lot in Russian everyday life. Whether you need to ask which bus to take or are buying something in a shop, you will need to know how to use the numerical system in Russian.

Russian cardinal numbers tell the quantity of something. They are easy to learn and tend to follow a simple structure.

## Numbers 1 - 10

Russian Number |
English Translation |
Pronunciation |

один | one | aDEEN |

два | two | DVAH |

три | three | TREE |

четыре | four | chyTYry |

пять | five | PHYAT' |

шесть | six | SHEST' |

семь | seven | SYEM' |

восемь | eight | VOsyem' |

девять | nine | DYEvyt' |

десять | ten | DYEsyt' |

## Numbers 11-19

To form these numbers, simply add "NATtsat" to one of the numbers from 1 to 9.

Russian Number |
English Translation |
Pronunciation |

одиннадцать | eleven | aDEEnatsat' |

двенадцать | twelve | dvyNATtsat' |

тринадцать | thirteen | tryNATtsat' |

четырнадцать | fourteen | chyTYRnatsat' |

пятнадцать | fifteen | pytNATtsat' |

шестнадцать | sixteen | shystNATtsat' |

семнадцать | seventeen | symNATtsat' |

восемнадцать | eighteen | vasymNATtsat' |

девятнадцать | nineteen | dyevytNATtsat' |

## Numbers 20-30

To form any number from 20 onwards, add a number between 1 and 9 to 20, 30, 40, etc. The number 30 is formed in a similar way to 20, by adding 'дцать' to два and три:

два + дцать = двадцать (twenty)

три + дцать = тридцать (thirty)

Russian Number |
English Translation |
Pronunciation |

двадцать | twenty | DVATtsat' |

двадцать один | twenty-one | DVATtsat' aDEEN |

двадцать два | twenty-two | DVATtsat' DVAH |

двадцать три | twenty-three | DVATtsat' TREE |

двадцать четыре | twenty-four | DVATtsat' cyTYry |

двадцать пять | twenty-five | DVATtsat' PYAT' |

двадцать шесть | twenty-six | DVATtsat' SHEST' |

двадцать семь | twenty-seven | DVATtsat' SYEM' |

двадцать восемь | twenty-eight | DVATtsat' VOHsyem' |

двадцать девять | twenty-nine | DVATtsat' DYEvyt' |

тридцать | thirty | TREEtsat' |

## Numbers 40-49

The number 40 is quite different from the other numbers in the 20-100 sequence and has a name that does not follow the same rules as the other numbers. However, all the numbers from 41 to 49 have the same structure as the ones in the 21-29 group, and are formed in the same way. This is also the case for all other groups of 1-9 numbers added to a multiple of ten (20-100).

Russian Number |
English Translation |
Pronunciation |

сорок | forty | SOruk |

сорок один | forty-one | Soruk aDEEN |

## Numbers 50, 60, 70, and 80

Created by adding 5, 6, 7, or 8, and the particle "десят"; these numbers are easy to remember.

Russian Number |
English Translation |
Pronunciation |

пятьдесят | fifty | pyat'dySYAT |

шестьдесят | sixty | shest'dySYAT |

семьдесят | seventy | SYEM'dysyat |

восемьдесят | eighty | VOsyem'dysyat |

## Number 90

Number 90 should simply be memorized, as it is unique in the way it is formed. However, all other numbers between 91 and 99 follow the same structure as the others and are created by adding a number from 1 to 9 to девяносто.

Russian Number |
English Translation |
Pronunciation |

девяносто | ninety | dyevyeNOStuh |

## Number 100

The number 100 is сто in Russian, pronounced "sto."

## Ordinal Numbers in Russian

Ordinal numbers indicate order or position. Unlike in English, Russian ordinal numbers change their endings based on the case, number, and gender that they are in. The numbers below are in the nominative singular masculine. You will need to learn these first before learning the rules of declension.

Russian Number |
English Translation |
Pronunciation |

первый | first | PYERvy |

второй | second | ftaROY |

третий | third | TRYEty |

четвертый | fourth | chytVYORty |

пятый | fifth | PYAty |

шестой | sixth | shysTOY |

седьмой | seventh | syd'MOY |

восьмой | eighth | vas'MOY |

девятый | ninth | dyVYAty |

десятый | tenth | dySYAty |

Have a look at the way the word "первый" ("the first") changes according to its case.

Russian Case |
Russian Number |
Pronunciation |
English Translation |

Nominative | первый | PYERvy | the first (one) |

Genitive | первого | PYERvovo | of the first (one) |

Dative | первому | PYERvamoo | to the first (one) |

Accusative | первый | PYERvy | the first (one) |

Instrumental | первым | PYERvym | by the first (one) |

Prepositional | (о) первом | (Oh) PYERvum | about the first (one) |

**Examples:**

- Разговор шел о первом деле.

- razgaVOR SHYOL ah PYERvum DYElye.

- The conversation was about the first case.

- Ну, с первым пунктом все ясно, давайте перейдем ко второму, и побыстрее.

- Nu, s PYERvym POOnktum VSYO YASnuh, pyeryDYOM kaftaROmu, ee pabystRYEye.

- Right, the first point is clear, let's move on to the second one, and let's be quick.

Ordinal numbers also change when they are in the plural:

Russian Case |
Russian Number |
Pronunciation |
English Translation |

Nominative | первые | PYERvyye | the first ones |

Genitive | первых | PYERvyh | of the first ones |

Dative | первым | PYERvym | to the first ones |

Accusative | первые | PYERvyye | the first ones |

Instrumental | первыми | PYERvymee | by the first ones |

Prepositional | о первых | oh PYERvykh | about the first ones |

**Examples:**

- Первыми об этом узнали мои коллеги.

- PYERvymee ab EHtum oozNAlee maYEE kaLYEghee

- The first ones to find out were my colleagues.

- Первым делом надо поздороваться.

- PYERvym DYElum NAduh pazdaROvat'sya.

- The first thing you need to do is say hello.

Ordinal numbers also change by gender:

Case | Translation | Masculine | Pronunciation | Feminine | Pronunciation | Neutral | Pronunciation |

Nominative | Second | второй | ftaROY | вторая | ftaRAya | второе | ftaROye |

Genitive | (Of) the second | второго | ftaROva | второй | ftaROY | второго | ftaROva |

Dative | (To) the second | второму | ftaROmu | второй | ftaROY | второму | ftaROmu |

Accusative | Second | второй | ftaROY | вторую | ftaROOyu | второе | ftaROye |

Instrumental | (By) the second | вторым | ftaRYM | второй | ftaROY | вторым | ftaRYM |

Prepositional | (About) the second | втором | ftaROM | второй | ftaROY | втором | ftaROM |

## Compound Ordinal Numbers

For compound ordinal numbers, you only need to change the last word. In compound ordinal numbers only the last word is an ordinal number, while the other words remain cardinal numbers. This is similar to the way compound ordinal numbers are formed in English, for example: twenty seven - twenty seventh. Note how in the table below the only number that changes is "шесть", while the other two numbers remain exactly the same.

Case | Translation | Masculine | Pronunciation | Feminine | Pronunciation | Neutral | Pronunciation | Plural All Genders | Pronunciation |

Nominative | (One) hundred and thirty-sixth | сто тридцать шестой | STOH TRITsat shysTOY | сто тридцать шестая | STOH TRITsat shysTAya | сто тридцать шестое | STOH TRITsat shysTOye | сто тридцать шестые | STOH TRITsat shysTYye |

Genitive | (Of) the (one) hundred and thirty-sixth one | сто тридцать шестого | STOH TRITsat shysTOva | сто тридцать шестой | STOH TRITsat shysTOY | сто тридцать шестого | STOH TRITsat shysTOva | сто тридцать шестых | STOH TRITsat shysTYKH |

Dative | (To) the (one) hundred and thirty-sixth | сто тридцать шестому | STOH TRITsat shysTOmu | сто тридцать шестой | STOH TRITsat shysTOY | сто тридцать шестому | STOH TRITsat shysTOmu | сто тридцать шестым | STOH TRITsat shysTYM |

Accusative | (One) hundred and thirty-sixth | сто тридцать шестой | STOH TRITsat shysTOY | сто тридцать шестую | STOH TRITsat shysTOOyu | сто тридцать шестое | STOH TRITsat shysTOye | сто тридцать шестые | FTOH TRITsat shysTYye |

Instrumental | (By) the (one) hundred and thirty-sixth one | сто тридцать шестым | STOH TRITsat shysTYM | сто тридцать шестой | STOH TRITsat shysTOY | сто тридцать шестым | STOH TRITsat shysTYM | сто тридцать шестыми | STOH TRITsat shysTYmi |

Prepositional | (About) the hundred and thirty-sixth one | сто тридцать шестом | STOH TRITsat shysTOM | сто тридцать шестой | STOH TRITsat shysTOY | сто тридцать шестом | STOH TRITsat shysTOM | сто тридцать шестых | STOH TRITsat shysTYKH |