Humanities › History & Culture Timeline of the Russian Revolutions: 1905 Share Flipboard Email Print Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg. Imperial War Museum/Wikimedia Commons History & Culture European History European Revolutions European History Figures & Events Wars & Battles The Holocaust Industry and Agriculture History in Europe American History African American History African History Ancient History and Culture Asian History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More By Robert Wilde History Expert M.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University B.A., Medieval Studies, Sheffield University Robert Wilde is a historian who writes about European history. He is the author of the History in an Afternoon textbook series. our editorial process Robert Wilde Updated July 22, 2018 While Russia had a revolution in 1917 (in fact two), it nearly had one in 1905. There were the same marches and vast strikes, but in 1905 the revolution was crushed in a manner that affected how things unraveled in 1917 (including a great deal of fear things would repeat and a new revolution would fail). What was the difference? World War One had not acted as a magnifying glass for problems, and the military mostly stayed loyal. January • January 3-8: 120,000 workers strike in St. Petersburg; government warns against any organized marches. • January 9: Bloody Sunday. 150,000 striking workers and their families march through St. Petersburg to deliver a protest to the Tsar but are shot and ridden down on multiple occasions by the army. • Reaction to the massacre spreads across neighboring regions, especially the industrial centers which experience spontaneous workers' strikes. February • February: The strike movement spreads down to the Caucasus. • February 4: Grand-Duke Sergei Alexandrovich is killed by an SR assassin as protests grow. • February 6: Notably large rural disorder, especially in Kursk. • February 18: Reacting to the growing troubles, Nicholas II orders the creation of a consultative assembly to report on constitutional reform; the move is less than the revolutionaries want, but it gives them impetus. March • The strike movement and unrest reaches Siberia and the Urals. April • April 2: The second National Congress of Zemstvos again demands a constitutional assembly; the Union of Unions formed. May • Embarrassment for the government as the Baltic Fleet is easily sunk, having spent 7 months sailing round to Japan. June • June: Soldiers used against strikers in Lodz. • June 18: Odessa is halted by a large strike. • June 14-24: Sailors mutiny on the Battleship Potemkin. August • August: Moscow holds the first Conference of the Peasants union; Nizhnii holds the First Congress of the Muslim Union, one of many groups pushing for regional - often national - autonomy. • August 6: Tsar issues a manifesto on the creation of a state Duma; this plan, created by Bulygin and nicknamed the Bulygin Duma, is rejected by revolutionaries for being too weak and having a tiny electorate. • August 23: Treaty of Portsmouth ends the Russo-Japanese war; Russia has been beaten by an opponent they were expected to easily defeat. September • September 23: Printers strike in Moscow, the start of Russia's first General Strike. October • October 1905 - July 1906: The Peasant Union of the Volokolamsk District creates the independent Markovo Republic; it survives, 80 miles from Moscow, until the government crushes it in July 1906. • October 6: Rail workers join the strike. • October 9: As telegraph workers join the strike, Witte warns the Tsar that to save Russia he must make great reforms or impose a dictatorship. • October 12: Strike action has developed into a General Strike. • October 13: A council is formed to represent striking workers: the St. Petersburg Soviet of Workers Deputies; it functions as an alternative government. The Mensheviks dominate it as the Bolsheviks boycott and similar soviets are soon created in other cities. • October 17: Nicholas II issues the October Manifesto, a liberal scheme proposed by Witte. It grants civil liberties, the need for Duma consent before passing laws and a widening of the Duma electorate to include all Russians; mass celebrations follow; political parties form and rebels return, but acceptance of the Manifesto pushes the liberals and socialists apart. The St. Petersburg soviet prints its first issue of the newssheet Izvestia; left and right groups clash in streetfights. • October: Lvov joins the Constitutional Democrat (Kadet) party, which includes the more radical zemstvo menmen, nobles, and scholars; conservative liberals form the Octobrist Party. These are the people who have led the revolution so far. • October 18: N. E. Bauman, a Bolshevik activist, is killed during a streetfight triggering a street war between the Tsar supporting right and the revolutionary left. • October 19: The Council of Ministers is created, a government cabinet under Witte; leading Kadets are offered posts, but refuse. • October 20: Bauman's funeral is the focus of major demonstrations and violence. • October 21: The General Strike is ended by the St. Petersburg Soviet. • October 26-27: The Kronstadt mutiny. • October 30-31: The Vladivostok Mutiny. November • November 6-12: The Peasants Union holds a conference in Moscow, demanding a constituent assembly, land redistribution and political union between peasants and urban workers. • November 8: The Union of Russian People is created by Dubrovin. This early fascist group aims to fight against the left and is funded by government officials. • November 14: The Moscow branch of the Peasants Union is arrested by the government. • November 16: Telephone/graph workers strike. • November 24: Tsar introduces 'Provisional Rules', which at once abolish some aspects of censorship, but introduce harsher penalties for those praising 'criminal acts'. • November 26: Head of the St. Petersburg Soviet, Khrustalev-Nosar, arrested. • November 27: The St. Petersburg Soviet appeals to the armed forces and elects a triumvirate to replace Nosar; it includes Trotsky. December • December 3: The St. Petersburg Soviet is arrested en masse after Socialist Democrats (SD) hand out weapons. • December 10-15: The Moscow Uprising, where rebels and militias try to take the city through armed struggle; it fails. No other major rebellions take place, but the Tsar and the right react: the police regime returns and the army sweeps across Russia crushing dissent. • December 11: Russia's urban population and workers are enfranchised by electoral changes. • December: Nicholas II and his son given honorary membership of the Union of the Russian People; they accept.