4 Sahibzade Khalsa Warrior Princes

Martyred Sons Tenth Guru Gobind Singh

The illustrious martyred sons of Guru Gobind Singh are honored in the prayer of ardas for their valor and sacrifice as "Char Sahibzade", the 4 princes of the Khalsa warrior order.

01
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Sahibzada Ajit Singh

Gatka Sparring Demonstration
Gatka Sparring Demonstration. Photo © [Jasleen Kaur]

Birth:
January 26,1687 A.D.
Fourth day of the waxing moon in the month of Magh, SV year.
The eldest son of Guru Gobind Rai was born to the guru's second wife Sundari at Paonta, and at birth named Ajit, meaning "Invincible."

Initiation:
Ajit was given the name Singh when he was initiated at age 12, and drank of immortal nectar along with his family on the first Vaisakhi Day, April 13, 1699, at Anandpur Sahib, where his father took the name Tenth Guru Gobind Singh

Martyrdom:
Ajit Singh was martyred at age 18, on December 7, 1705 A.D. at Chamkaur when he volunteered to leave the besieged fortress with five Singhs and face the enemy on the battlefield.

02
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Sahibzada Jujhar Singh

One Against Many
One Against Many. Photo Art © [Courtesy Jedi Nights]
Birth:
Sunday March 14, 1691 A.D.
Seventh of the month of Chet, SV year 1747

The second eldest son of Guru Gobind Rai was born to his first wife Jito at Anandpur, and at birth named Jujhar, meaning "Warrior."

Initiation: Jujhar was initiated at eight years of age along with his family, and given the name Singh at Anandpur Sahib on Vaisakhi, April 13, 1699. when his father Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa order of warrior saints.

Martyrdom:
Jujhar Singh was martyred at age 14, on December 7, 1705 A.D. at Chamkaur where he earned the reputation of being likened to a crocodile for his fierceness in battle, when he volunteered to leave the besieged fortress with five of the last Singhs standing, and all achieved immortality on the battlefield.

03
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Sahibzada Zorawar Singh

Artistic Impression of Guru Gobind Singh's Younger Sons
Artistic Impression of Chote Sahibzada, Guru Gobind Singh's Younger Sons In Brickyard. Photo © [Angel Originals]

Birth:
Wednesday, November 17, 1696 A.D.
First day of the waning moon in the month Maghar, SV year 1753
The third son of Guru Gobind Singh was born to his first wife Jito at Anandpur, and at birth named Zorawar, meaning "Brave"

Initiation: Zorawar was given the name Singh at the age of five, and was initiated along with his family members Anandpur Sahib in the first Amritsanchar ceremony held on Vaisakhi Day, April 13, 1699.

Martyrdom:
Sirhind Fatehghar - December 12, 1705 A.D. 13th day of the month of Poh, SV year 1762
Zarowar Singh and his younger brother Fateh Singh were captured with their grandmother Gujri, the mother of Guru Gobind Singh. The sahibzade were imprisoned with their grand mother, and put to death by cruel Mughal rulers who attempted to suffocate them iside a brick enclosure.

04
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Sahibzada Fateh Singh

Mata Gujri and Chote Sahibzade in Tanda Burj the Cold Tower
Mata Gujri and Chote Sahibzade in Tanda Burj the Cold Tower. Artistic Impression © [Angel Originals]

Birth:
Wednesday, February 25, 1699 A.D
11th day of the month Phagan, SV year 1755
the youngest son of Guru Gobind Rai was born to the guru's first wife Jito at Anandpur, and at birth named Fateh, meaning "Victory."

Initiation: Fateh was given the name Singh when initiated at the age of three along with his family members on Vaisakhi Day April 13, at Anandpur Sahib 1699, where he partook of baptism by the sword, created by his father, and his mother took the name Ajit Kaur, and brought sugar to sweeten the immortal Amrit nectar.

Martyrdom:
Sirhind Fatehghar - December 12, 1705 A.D. 13th day of the month of Poh, SV year 1762
Fateh Singh, and his brother survived being bricked up alive, but then the order was given for them to be beheaded. Their grandmother Mata Gujri died of shock in the prison tower.

05
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Notes:

Birth order, Western Gregorian Calendar dates, and names according to Encyclopaedia of Sikhism by Harbans Singh.