Sanskrit Words beginning with P

Glossary of Hindu Terms with Meanings

Prasad
A wife feeds her husband holy offerings called 'prasada' or 'prasadam'. Photo (c) Getty Images

Pancha Karma:

the five Ayurvedic purification methods

Panda:

a temple priest at a pilgrimage site

Panentheism:

the belief that the divine is in all things and unifies all things but is ultimately greater than all things

Pantheism:

the belief that the divine is in all things and is equated with the totality of all

Parashurama:

sixth avatar of Vishnu

Parvati:

goddess, the consort of God Shiva

Patanjali:

main teacher of classical Yoga system

Pinda:

four balls of rice prepared on the twelfth day after someone has died to symbolize the union of the deceased with his or her forebears

Pitta:

biological fire humor

Polytheism:

belief in many personal gods and /or goddesses

Prakriti:

great Nature, matter

Prana:

breath or life-force

Pranayama:

yogic control of the breath

Prana Yoga:

Yoga of the life-force

Prasad:

the grace of the deity given to the worshipper in the form of food after worship: see also jutha

Pratyahara:

yogic control of mind and senses

Puja:

Hindu honour, respect or worship of a deity, flower offerings

Pujari:

temple or shrine priest who performs puja

Pukka:

good quality food which is considered ritually pure

Puranas:

Hindu mythological texts

Purohit:

a family priest or guru

Purusha:

literally 'person': the original, primeval being the sacrifice of which was believed to create from its body the phenomenal world, in particular the four classes. It is the pure consciousness, or the spirit which is also synonymous of Brahman and therefore of atman

 

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