How to Say "And" in Chinese

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Some English words have several possible Mandarin Chinese translations. Knowing when to use the correct word is one of the main challenges for both beginner-level Mandarin students and professional translators alike.

For example, the English word for "can" has at least three possible Mandarin translations: 能 (néng), 可以 (kě yǐ), and 会 (huì). Another English word with multiple translations is “and.” You may think that there can be no possible variations for "and," but there are many different meanings for this word. It depends on the subtle nuances of the speaker or writer's meaning or the context in which this conjunction is used.

Joining Nouns

In sentences that combine nouns or noun phrases, there are three ways to say "and." All three of these connectors are interchangeable and commonly used. They are:

  • ⁠ : 和
  • Hàn⁠ : 和
  • Gēn⁠ : 跟

Note that and hàn use the same character. The hàn pronunciation is most commonly heard in Taiwan. The example sentences are given first in English, followed by a transliteration in Chinese called pinyina Romanization system used to help beginners learn Mandarin.

Pinyan transcribes the sounds of Mandarin using the Roman alphabet. Pinyin is most commonly used in Mainland China for teaching school children to read and it is also widely used in teaching materials designed for Westerners who wish to learn Mandarin. The sentences are then listed in Chinese characters in traditional and simplified forms where appropriate.

He and I are colleagues.
Wǒ hàn tā shì tóngshì.
Both pineapple and mango are good to eat.
Fènglí hé mángguǒ dōu hěn hǎo chī.
(traditional form) 鳳梨和芒果都很好吃。
(simplified form) 凤梨和芒果都很好吃。
She and mom went for a walk.
Tā gēn māma qù guàng jiē.
This pair of shoes and that pair of shoes are the same price.
Zhè shuāng xié gēn nà shuāng xié jiàqian yíyàng.

Joining Verbs

The Mandarin Chinese character 也 (yě) is used to join verbs or verb phrases. It translates as either “and” or “also.”

I like to watch movies and listen to music.
Wǒ xǐhuan kàn diànyǐng yě xǐhuan tīng yīnyuè.
He doesn’t like to go for walks and he doesn’t like to exercise.
Tā bù xǐhuan guàng jiē yě bù xǐhuan yùndòng.

Other Transition Words

There are a few Mandarin Chinese words that can be translated as “and,” but which more accurately mean “furthermore," “moreover,” or other such transition words. These words are sometimes used to show a cause-and-effect relationship between the two phrases.

Chinese transition words include:

  • Ér qiě - 而且: additionally 
  • Bìng qiě - 並且 (traditional) / 并且 (simplified): and; moreover
  • Rán hòu - 然後 / 然后: and then
  • Yǐ hòu - 以後 / 以后: and after
  • Hái yǒu - 還有 / 还有: even more; on top of that
  • Cǐ wài - 此外: furthermore
Ér qiě 而且 additionally
Bìng qiě 並且 (traditional)
并且 (simplified)
Rán hòu 然後
and then
Yǐ hòu 以後
and after
Hái yǒu 還有
even more
on top of that
Cǐ wài 此外 furthermore

Sentence Examples of Transition Words

As noted, the particular form of "and" that you use in Mandarin Chinese depends heavily on the context and meaning of the word. It can be helpful, therefore, to peruse some example sentences to see how the different forms of "and" are used in various contexts.

This is a very good movie and (moreover) the music is very nice.
Zhè bù diànyǐng hěnhǎokàn érqiě yīnyuè hěnhǎo tīng.
This knapsack is very practical and (furthermore) the price is reasonable.
Zhègè fángshuǐ bēibāo hěn shíyòng bìngqiě jiàgé hélǐ.
We can first go have dinner and then see a movie.
Wǒmen xiān qù chī wǎncān ránhòu zài qù kàn diànyǐng.
Eat dinner, and then you can eat dessert.
Chī wán wǎncān yǐhòu jiù néng chī tián diǎn.
I'm cold because I didn't wear enough clothes, and on top of that it's snowing now.
Wǒ lěng yīnwèi wǒ chuān bùgòu yīfú, hái yǒu xiànzài xià xuěle.
Let's quickly go see the cherry blossoms. The weather is nice today, furthermore it will rain tomorrow.
Wǒmen kuài qù kàn yīnghuā. Tiānqì hěn hǎo, cǐwài míngtiān huì xià yǔ.
我们快去看樱花。 天气很好,此外明天会下雨。
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Your Citation
Su, Qiu Gui. "How to Say "And" in Chinese." ThoughtCo, Aug. 29, 2020, Su, Qiu Gui. (2020, August 29). How to Say "And" in Chinese. Retrieved from Su, Qiu Gui. "How to Say "And" in Chinese." ThoughtCo. (accessed January 30, 2023).