Direct Translation for 'Any' in Spanish

Word Can Often Be Omitted in Translation

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Erichsen, Gerald. "Direct Translation for 'Any' in Spanish." ThoughtCo, Sep. 1, 2017, thoughtco.com/saying-any-in-spanish-3079085. Erichsen, Gerald. (2017, September 1). Direct Translation for 'Any' in Spanish. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/saying-any-in-spanish-3079085 Erichsen, Gerald. "Direct Translation for 'Any' in Spanish." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/saying-any-in-spanish-3079085 (accessed October 24, 2017).
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The English word "any" has no single equivalent in Spanish, and when it is used to mean an uncountable noun or a plural noun, it is often not translated into Spanish.  There are a few cases where you can use the word "any" to mean "some," "none" or "whatever" and in those cases, there is a translation for the word.

When Any Can Be Omitted in Translation

In many cases, "any" as an adjective is superfluous in Spanish, adding little independent meaning and can be omitted without much change in how the sentence is understood.

Under those circumstances, and especially in questions, the word can usually be left untranslated in the Spanish equivalent. 

English SentenceSpanish Translation
If you have any additional questions about this product, you can check the label.Si tienes preguntas adicionales sobre este producto, puedes consultar la etiqueta.
Are there any books about the National Museum in English?¿Hay libros sobre el Museo Nacional en inglés?
If we don't make any progress this week, a huge job will be left for us next week.Si no hacemos progresos esta semana, nos quedará una tarea monumental para la semana próxima.
Do you want any more carrots?¿Quieres más zanahorias?
I don't feel any pain.No siento dolor.

When Any Can or Should Be Translated

There are a few ways to express the idea of "any" when it can mean "some," "none," "whichever," or "whatever" in a sentence.

When Any Means Some

When "any" is used in a sentence and it stands in as a pronoun meaning "some," it can be expressed in two ways as alguno or algunos for the singular and plural masculine pronoun and alguna or algunas for the singular and plural feminine pronoun.

An example of this would be,  "I have two dogs. Do you have any?" In the second sentence, you can replace the word "any" with algunoTengo dos perros ¿Tienes alguno?

When Any Means None

Double negatives are common and acceptable in Spanish. In negative sentences, "any" can often be translated as ninguno, which varies according to number and gender.

Note that ninguno is shortened to ningún when it comes before a singular masculine noun. Like "any," ninguno and its variations can function as both adjectives and pronouns.

English SentenceSpanish Translation
If you don't have any of these documents, you can submit one of the following.Si no tiene ninguno de estos documentos, puede someter uno de los siguientes.
I don't see any advantages for the citizens.No veo ningunas ventajas para los ciudadanos.
I don't feel any pain.No siento ningún dolor.

By using a double negative, in Spanish, it can allow the speaker to be emphatic. As is the case with the example, "I don't feel any pain." The speaker can simple state, No siento dolor.  However, when using the double negative and stating, No siento ningún dolor. The speaker is emphasizing a state of being that is extremely painfree. It is similar to an English speaker saying, "I don't feel any pain, not a one."

When Any Means Whatever or Whichever

When "any" is used to mean that a variety of choices will do, such as "whatever" or "whichever" in English, you can use cualquiera, which is shortened to cualquier when used as an adjective before a masculine or feminine noun. 

English SentenceSpanish Translation
I am looking for any Harry Potter book.Busco cualquier libro de Harry Potter.
Any mother can distinguish her child from all other children.Cualquier madre puede distinguir a su hijo de todos los demás niños.
"Which meal do you want to eat?" Any one. It doesn't matter."Cualquiera. No importa.
It is absolutely prohibited to provide syringes or hypodermic needles in any way.Es absolutamente prohibido suministrar de cualquier modo jeringuillas o agujas hipodérmicas.
Format
mla apa chicago
Your Citation
Erichsen, Gerald. "Direct Translation for 'Any' in Spanish." ThoughtCo, Sep. 1, 2017, thoughtco.com/saying-any-in-spanish-3079085. Erichsen, Gerald. (2017, September 1). Direct Translation for 'Any' in Spanish. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/saying-any-in-spanish-3079085 Erichsen, Gerald. "Direct Translation for 'Any' in Spanish." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/saying-any-in-spanish-3079085 (accessed October 24, 2017).