<p>In addition to its value as a timber and wildlife species, scarlet oak is widely planted as an ornamental. Its brilliant red autumn color, open crown texture, and rapid growth make it a desirable tree for yard, street, and park.</p><p>Quercus coccinea seedlings develop a strong taproot with relatively few lateral roots which makes transplanting this species difficult. Its &#34;coarse&#34; root system along with a relatively slow rate of root regeneration negatively effects replanting wild seedlings. It does well when conainer grown in a nursery.</p><p>The major insect defoliators of scarlet oak include the oak leafteater<em>, </em>fall cankerworm<em>, </em>forest tent caterpillar, gypsy moth and orangestriped oakworm. Scarlet oak is also susceptible to oak wilt disease and may die within a month after the first symptoms appear. This oak is also subject to cankers of <em>Nectria </em>spp. and <em>Strummella coryneoidea. </em>These diseases are especially severe from Virginia northward.</p><p>Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of scarlet oak. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida &gt; Fagales &gt; Fagaceae &gt; Quercus coccinea. Scarlet oak is also commonly called black oak, red oak, or Spanish oak.</p><p>Quercus coccinea is very similar to Shumard oak but with shorter leaves, 3 to 7 &#34;. Unlike Shumard oak, this oak tree grows on drier sites on upland slopes, ridges and sandy barrens. The acorns are relatively small, 1/2 to 3 inches long and less than an inch wide. This fruit is enclosed by a cup on a very short stalk.</p><p>Scarlet oak is found from southwestern Maine west to New York, Ohio, southern Michigan, and Indiana; south to southern Illinois, southeastern Missouri, and central Mississippi; east to southern Alabama and southwestern Georgia; and north along the western edge of the Coastal Plain to Virginia.</p>Leaf: Alternate, simple, 3 to 7 inches long, oval in shape with very deep sinuses and bristle-tipped lobes, shiny green above, paler and generally hairless below but may have tufts in vein axils.<p>Twig: Moderately stout, red-brown with multiple terminal buds; buds reddish brown, plump, pointed, slightly angled, and covered with a light colored pubescence on the top half.</p>The fire resistance of scarlet oak is rated as low. It has thin bark, and even low severity surface fires can result in severe basal damage and high mortality. Top-killed scarlet oaks sprout vigorously from the root crown after fire.