Spanish Verb Sentarse Conjugation

Sentarse Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Ellos se están sentando en un puente (They are sitting on a bridge).

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Sentarse is a common reflexive verb that typically means to sit down or to take a seat. Below you will find the conjugations for all the simple tenses of sentarse—present and past in the indicative and subjunctive moods, the conditional, the future, and the imperative. Also listed are the present and past participles, which are used for making the compound tenses.

Sentarse: Reflexive Verb

Sentarse comes from the verb sentar, which usually means to sit. Although both can be translated as "to sit," the difference between the two is that the reflexive form sentarse refers to the act of getting into a seated position, while sentar refers to being in a seated position. One way of remembering the difference is to think of sentarse as literally meaning "to seat oneself," since the -se pronoun in reflexive verbs is usually the equivalent of the English "-self."

Sentarse Conjugation

With two exceptions noted below in the imperative mood, sentarse is formed by using the same conjugation as sentir and adding the appropriate reflexive pronoun. Sentar in turn is conjugated like most other -ar verbs except that the e in the stem sent- becomes ie when stressed. Dozens of other -ar verbs follow this pattern; the most common of them include cerrar (to close), gobernar (to govern), and pensar (to think).

Be aware that the conjugations of sentar and sentir, usually meaning "to feel," overlap in a few instances. For example, siento can mean either "I sit" or "I feel." Nearly all the time, context will make clear which verb is meant.

Present Indicative Tense of Sentarse

Yo me siento I sit down Yo me siento en la silla.
te sientas You sit down Tú te sientas con cuidado.
Usted/él/ella se sienta You/he/she sits down Ella se sienta aquí.
Nosotros nos sentamos We sit down Nosotros nos sentamos en el sofá.
Vosotros os sentáis You sit down Vosotros os sentáis para comer.
Ustedes/ellas/ellas se sientan You/they sit down Ellas se sientan en la cocina.

Sentarse Preterite

Generally, the preterite is the simple past tense that is used for actions that took place at a specific time. It is usually the equivalent of the English simple past tense typically ending in "-ed" (although "sit" is an irregular verb and doesn't follow that pattern).

Yo me senté I sat down Yo me senté en la silla.
te sentaste You sat down Tú te sentaste con cuidado.
Usted/él/ella se sentó You/he/she sat down Ella se sentó aquí.
Nosotros nos sentamos We sat down Nosotros nos sentamos en el sofá.
Vosotros os sentasteis You sat down Vosotros os sentasteis para comer.
Ustedes/ellas/ellas se sentaron You/they sat down Ellas se sentaron en la cocina.

Sentarse Future Tense

In addition to being used for talking about future actions, the Spanish future tense, as in English, can be used for extremely emphatic commands. Thus "¡Te sentarás!" can be the equivalent of "You will sit down!" as a command.

Yo me sentaré I will sit down Yo me sentaré en la silla.
te sentarás You will sit down Tú te sentarás con cuidado.
Usted/él/ella se sentará You/he/she will sit down Ella se sentará aquí.
Nosotros nos sentaremos We will sit down Nosotros nos sentaremos en el sofá.
Vosotros os sentaréis You will sit down Vosotros os sentaréis para comer.
Ustedes/ellas/ellas se sentarán You/they will sit down Ellas se sentarán en la cocina.

Periphrastic Future of Sentarse

The periphrastic future of sentarse and other reflexive verbs can be formed in two ways. The more common, shown below, is to attach the reflexive pronoun to the infinitive. The pronoun can also be placed before the conjugated form of ir. Thus "me voy a sentar" and "voy a sentarme" are interchangeable.

Yo voy a sentarme I am going to sit down Yo voy a sentarme en la silla.
vas a sentarte You are going to sit down Tú vas a sentarte con cuidado.
Usted/él/ella va a sentarse You/he/she is going to sit down Ella va a sentarse aquí.
Nosotros vamos a sentarnos We are going to sit down Nosotros vamos a sentarnos en el sofá.
Vosotros vais a sentaros You are going to sit down Vosotros vais a sentaros para comer.
Ustedes/ellas/ellas van a sentarse You/they are going to sit down Ellas van a sentarse en la cocina.

Present Progressive/Gerund Form of Sentarse

The gerund of reflexive verbs can be formed in two ways. The more common way, shown here, is to attach the appropriate pronoun to the gerund. The pronoun can also come before estar or the other verb that comes before the gerund. Thus both "estás sentándote" and "te estás sentando" can be used for "you are sitting down."

Gerund of Sentarse: sentándose

Is sitting down -> Ella está sentándose aquí.

Past Participle of Sentarse

When sentarse and other reflexive pronouns are used with forms of haber, the reflexive pronoun comes before haber.

Participle of Sentarse: se ha sentado

Has sat down -> Ella se ha sentado aquí.

Imperfect Indicative Form of Sentarse

The imperfect is a type of past tense. It doesn't have a direct English equivalent, although it is similar in meaning to expressions such as "was sitting" and "used to sit."

Yo me sentaba I was sitting down Yo me sentaba en la silla.
te sentabas You were sitting down Tú te sentabas con cuidado.
Usted/él/ella se sentaba You/he/she was sitting down Ella se sentaba aquí.
Nosotros nos sentábamos We were sitting down Nosotros nos sentábamos en el sofá.
Vosotros os sentabais You were sitting down Vosotros os sentabais para comer.
Ustedes/ellas/ellas se sentaban You/they were sitting down Ellas se sentaban en la cocina.

Conditional Form of Sentarse

The conditional form is used to express probability, wonder, or conjecture. It is usually translated in English as would, could, or must have, followed by the verb.

Yo me sentaría I would sit down Yo me sentaría en la silla si no estuviera rota.
te sentarías You would sit down Tú te sentarías con cuidado si fuera importante.
Usted/él/ella se sentaría You/he/she would sit down Ella se sentaría aquí si hiciera sol.
Nosotros nos sentaríamos We would sit down Nosotros nos sentaríamos en el sofá si fuera barato.
Vosotros os sentaríais You would sit down Vosotros os sentaríais para comer si hubiera comida.
Ustedes/ellas/ellas se sentarían You/they would sit down Ellas se sentarían en la cocina si hubiera sillas.

Present Subjunctive of Sentarse

Que yo me siente That I sit down Cristina prefiere que yo me siente en la silla.
Que tú te sientes That you sit down Susana quiere que tú te sientes con cuidado.
Que usted/él/ella se siente That you/he/she sit down Arturo espera que ella se siente aquí.
Que nosotros nos sentemos That we sit down Valentina quiere que nosotros nos sentemos juntos.
Que vosotros os sentéis That you sit down Pablo exige que vosotros os sentéis para comer.
Que ustedes/ellas/ellas se sienten That you/they sit down Mateo desea que ellas se sienten en la cocina.

Imperfect Subjunctive Forms of Sentarse

There is usually no difference in meaning between the two forms of the imperfect subjunctive. The first one shown below is used more often and is less formal.

Option 1

Que yo me sentara That I sat down Cristina prefería que me sentara en la silla.
Que tú te sentaras That you sat down Susana quería que tú te sentaras con cuidado.
Que usted/él/ella se sentara That you/he/she sat down Arturo esperaba que ella se sentara aquí.
Que nosotros nos sentáramos That we sat down Valentina quería que nosotros nos sentáramos en el sofá.
Que vosotros os sentarais That you sat down Pablo exigía que vosotros os sentarais para comer.
Que ustedes/ellas/ellas se sentaran That you/they sat down Mateo deseaba que ellas se sentaran en la cocina.

Option 2

Que yo me sentase That I sat down Cristina prefería que me sentase en la silla.
Que tú te sentases That you sat down Susana quería que tú te sentases con cuidado.
Que usted/él/ella se sentase That you/he/she sat down Arturo esperaba que ella se sentase aquí.
Que nosotros nos sentásemos That we sat down Valentina quería que nosotros nos sentásemos en el sofá.
Que vosotros os sentaseis That you sat down Pablo exigía que vosotros os sentaseis para comer.
Que ustedes/ellas/ellas se sentasen That you/they sat down Mateo deseaba que ellas se sentasen en la cocina.

Imperative Forms of Sentarse

In the positive imperative form of reflexive verbs, the final letter of the base verb is dropped in the "we" and "plural you" forms before the pronoun is attached. Thus nos is added to sentemo (the accent mark is added to the conjugated form to maintain the correct stress). And the -d is dropped from sentad to avoid confusion with the past participle.

Positive Command

siéntate Sit down! ¡Siéntate con cuidado!
Usted siéntese Sit down! ¡Siéntese aquí!
Nosotros sentémonos Let's sit down! ¡Sentémonos en el sofá!
Vosotros sentaos Sit down! ¡Sentaos para comer!
Ustedes siéntense Sit down! ¡Siéntense en la cocina!

Negative Command

No te sientes Don't sit down! ¡No te sientes con cuidado!
Usted No se siente Don't sit down! ¡No se siente aquí!
Nosotros No nos sentemos Let's not sit down! ¡No nos sentemos en el sofá!
Vosotros No os sentéis Don't sit down! ¡No os sentéis para comer!
Ustedes No se sienten

Don't sit down!

¡No se sienten en la cocina!