Spanish Verb Sentarse Conjugation

Sentarse Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

Ellos se están sentando en un puente (They are sitting on a bridge).

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Sentarse is a common reflexive verb that typically means to sit down or to take a seat. Below you will find the conjugations for all the simple tenses of sentarse—present and past in the indicative and subjunctive moods, the conditional, the future, and the imperative. Also listed are the present and past participles, which are used for making the compound tenses.

Sentarse: Reflexive Verb

Sentarse comes from the verb sentar, which usually means to sit.

Although both can be translated as "to sit," the difference between the two is that the reflexive form sentarse refers to the act of getting into a seated position, while sentar refers to being in a seated position. One way of remembering the difference is to think of sentarse as literally meaning "to seat oneself," since the -se pronoun in reflexive verbs is usually the equivalent of the English "-self."

Sentarse Conjugation

With two exceptions noted below in the imperative mood, sentarse is formed by using the same conjugation as sentir and adding the appropriate reflexive pronoun. Sentar in turn is conjugated like most other -ar verbs except that the e in the stem sent- becomes ie when stressed. Dozens of other -ar verbs follow this pattern; the most common of them include cerrar (to close), gobernar (to govern), and pensar (to think).

Be aware that the conjugations of sentar and sentir, usually meaning "to feel," overlap in a few instances.

For example, siento can mean either "I sit" or "I feel." Nearly all the time, context will make clear which verb is meant.

Present Indicative Tense of Sentarse

Yome sientoI sit downYo me siento en la silla.
te sientasYou sit downTú te sientas con cuidado.
Usted/él/ellase sientaYou/he/she sits downElla se sienta aquí.
Nosotrosnos sentamosWe sit downNosotros nos sentamos en el sofá.
Vosotrosos sentáisYou sit downVosotros os sentáis para comer.
Ustedes/ellas/ellasse sientanYou/they sit downEllas se sientan en la cocina.

Sentarse Preterite

Generally, the preterite is the simple past tense that is used for actions that took place at a specific time. It is usually the equivalent of the English simple past tense typically ending in "-ed" (although "sit" is an irregular verb and doesn't follow that pattern).

Yome sentéI sat downYo me senté en la silla.
te sentasteYou sat downTú te sentaste con cuidado.
Usted/él/ellase sentóYou/he/she sat downElla se sentó aquí.
Nosotrosnos sentamosWe sat downNosotros nos sentamos en el sofá.
Vosotrosos sentasteisYou sat downVosotros os sentasteis para comer.
Ustedes/ellas/ellasse sentaronYou/they sat downEllas se sentaron en la cocina.

Sentarse Future Tense

In addition to being used for talking about future actions, the Spanish future tense, as in English, can be used for extremely emphatic commands. Thus "¡Te sentarás!" can be the equivalent of "You will sit down!" as a command.

Yome sentaréI will sit downYo me sentaré en la silla.
te sentarásYou will sit downTú te sentarás con cuidado.
Usted/él/ellase sentaráYou/he/she will sit downElla se sentará aquí.
Nosotrosnos sentaremosWe will sit downNosotros nos sentaremos en el sofá.
Vosotrosos sentaréisYou will sit downVosotros os sentaréis para comer.
Ustedes/ellas/ellasse sentaránYou/they will sit downEllas se sentarán en la cocina.

Periphrastic Future of Sentarse

The periphrastic future of sentarse and other reflexive verbs can be formed in two ways. The more common, shown below, is to attach the reflexive pronoun to the infinitive. The pronoun can also be placed before the conjugated form of ir. Thus "me voy a sentar" and "voy a sentarme" are interchangeable.

Yovoy a sentarmeI am going to sit downYo voy a sentarme en la silla.
vas a sentarteYou are going to sit downTú vas a sentarte con cuidado.
Usted/él/ellava a sentarseYou/he/she is going to sit downElla va a sentarse aquí.
Nosotrosvamos a sentarnosWe are going to sit downNosotros vamos a sentarnos en el sofá.
Vosotrosvais a sentarosYou are going to sit downVosotros vais a sentaros para comer.
Ustedes/ellas/ellasvan a sentarseYou/they are going to sit downEllas van a sentarse en la cocina.

Present Progressive/Gerund Form of Sentarse

The gerund of reflexive verbs can be formed in two ways. The more common way, shown here, is to attach the appropriate pronoun to the gerund. The pronoun can also come before estar or the other verb that comes before the gerund. Thus both "estás sentándote" and "te estás sentando" can be used for "you are sitting down."

Gerund of SentarsesentándoseIs sitting downElla está sentándose aquí.

Past Participle of Sentarse

When sentarse and other reflexive pronouns are used with forms of haber, the reflexive pronoun comes before haber.

Participle of Sentarsese ha sentadoHas sat downElla se ha sentado aquí.

Imperfect Indicative Form of Sentarse

The imperfect is a type of past tense. It doesn't have a direct English equivalent, although it is similar in meaning to expressions such as "was sitting" and "used to sit."

Yome sentabaI was sitting downYo me sentaba en la silla.
te sentabasYou were sitting downTú te sentabas con cuidado.
Usted/él/ellase sentabaYou/he/she was sitting downElla se sentaba aquí.
Nosotrosnos sentábamosWe were sitting downNosotros nos sentábamos en el sofá.
Vosotrosos sentabaisYou were sitting downVosotros os sentabais para comer.
Ustedes/ellas/ellasse sentabanYou/they were sitting downEllas se sentaban en la cocina.

Conditional Form of Sentarse

The conditional form is used to express probability, wonder, or conjecture. It is usually translated in English as would, could, or must have, followed by the verb.

Yome sentaríaI would sit downYo me sentaría en la silla si no estuviera rota.
te sentaríasYou would sit downTú te sentarías con cuidado si fuera importante.
Usted/él/ellase sentaríaYou/he/she would sit downElla se sentaría aquí si hiciera sol.
Nosotrosnos sentaríamosWe would sit downNosotros nos sentaríamos en el sofá si fuera barato.
Vosotrosos sentaríaisYou would sit downVosotros os sentaríais para comer si hubiera comida.
Ustedes/ellas/ellasse sentaríanYou/they would sit downEllas se sentarían en la cocina si hubiera sillas.

Present Subjunctive of Sentarse

Que yome sienteThat I sit downCristina prefiere que yo me siente en la silla.
Que túte sientesThat you sit downSusana quiere que tú te sientes con cuidado.
Que usted/él/ellase sienteThat you/he/she sit downArturo espera que ella se siente aquí.
Que nosotrosnos sentemosThat we sit downValentina quiere que nosotros nos sentemos juntos.
Que vosotrosos sentéisThat you sit downPablo exige que vosotros os sentéis para comer.
Que ustedes/ellas/ellasse sientenThat you/they sit downMateo desea que ellas se sienten en la cocina.

Imperfect Subjunctive Forms of Sentarse

There is usually no difference in meaning between the two forms of the imperfect subjunctive. The first one shown below is used more often and is less formal.

Option 1

Que yome sentaraThat I sat downCristina prefería que me sentara en la silla.
Que túte sentarasThat you sat downSusana quería que tú te sentaras con cuidado.
Que usted/él/ellase sentaraThat you/he/she sat downArturo esperaba que ella se sentara aquí.
Que nosotrosnos sentáramosThat we sat downValentina quería que nosotros nos sentáramos en el sofá.
Que vosotrosos sentaraisThat you sat downPablo exigía que vosotros os sentarais para comer.
Que ustedes/ellas/ellasse sentaranThat you/they sat downMateo deseaba que ellas se sentaran en la cocina.

Option 2

Que yome sentaseThat I sat downCristina prefería que me sentase en la silla.
Que túte sentasesThat you sat downSusana quería que tú te sentases con cuidado.
Que usted/él/ellase sentaseThat you/he/she sat downArturo esperaba que ella se sentase aquí.
Que nosotrosnos sentásemosThat we sat downValentina quería que nosotros nos sentásemos en el sofá.
Que vosotrosos sentaseisThat you sat downPablo exigía que vosotros os sentaseis para comer.
Que ustedes/ellas/ellasse sentasenThat you/they sat downMateo deseaba que ellas se sentasen en la cocina.

Imperative Forms of Sentarse

In the positive imperative form of reflexive verbs, the final letter of the base verb is dropped in the "we" and "plural you" forms before the pronoun is attached. Thus nos is added to sentemo (the accent mark is added to the conjugated form to maintain the correct stress). And the -d is dropped from sentad to avoid confusion with the past participle.

Positive Command

siéntateSit down!¡Siéntate con cuidado!
UstedsiénteseSit down!¡Siéntese aquí!
NosotrossentémonosLet's sit down!¡Sentémonos en el sofá!
VosotrossentaosSit down!¡Sentaos para comer!
UstedessiéntenseSit down!¡Siéntense en la cocina!

Negative Command

No te sientesDon't sit down!¡No te sientes con cuidado!
UstedNo se sienteDon't sit down!¡No se siente aquí!
NosotrosNo nos sentemosLet's not sit down!¡No nos sentemos en el sofá!
VosotrosNo os sentéisDon't sit down!¡No os sentéis para comer!
UstedesNo se sienten

Don't sit down!

¡No se sienten en la cocina!