Languages › English as a Second Language How to Use Sentence Connectors to Show Contrast Share Flipboard Email Print English as a Second Language Writing Skills Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Reading Comprehension Grammar Business English Resources for Teachers by Kenneth Beare Kenneth Beare has taught English and English as a second language teacher since 1983. Updated January 27, 2019 Once you have mastered the basics of correct usage in written English, you will want to express yourself in increasingly complex ways. One of the best ways to improve your writing style is to use sentence connectors. Sentence connectors are used to express relationships between ideas and to combine sentences. The use of these connectors will add sophistication to your writing style. After you study these constructions, take the contrasting ideas quiz to check your understanding. Common Connectors for Contrast Type of Connector Connector(s) Examples Coordinating conjunction but High level positions are stressful at times, but the financial rewards make these positions very desirable indeed. Subordinating conjunctions whereas, while While high level positions are stressful at times, the financial rewards make these positions very desirable indeed. Conjunctive adverbs in contrast, on the other hand High level positions are stressful at times; on the other hand, the financial rewards make these positions very desirable indeed. Prepositions unlike Unlike the undesirable stress of high level positions, the financial rewards make these positions very desirable indeed. Common Constructions for Contrast Formula Example Explanation the main statement, but contrasting statement I'd really like to come to the film, but I have to study tonight. Use a comma or semicolon (;) with 'but'. 'But' is the most common way to show contrasting ideas. the main statement, in spite of contrasting statement OR in spite of contrasting statement, main statement They continued on their journey, in spite of the pouring rain. Use 'in spite of' plus a noun, noun phrase or gerund the main statement, despite contrasting statement OR Despite the contrasting statement, main statement They continued on their journey, despite the pouring rain. Use 'despite' plus a noun, noun phrase or gerund the main statement, although contrasting statement OR Although contrasting statement, main statement We wanted to buy a sports car, although we knew that fast cars can be dangerous. Use 'although' with a subject and a verb. Learn More About Sentence Connectors Sentence Connectors: AdditionSentence Connectors: OppositionSentence Connectors: Cause / EffectSentence Connectors: Comparison Continue Reading Learn How to Show Cause and Effect in Various Ways in Written English How to Show Opposition in a Variety of Ways When Writing in English Using Sentence Connectors to Express Complex Ideas How to Contrast Ideas for ESL Sentence Connectors and Linking Language in Written English Learn How to Compare and Contrast in English Guide to Showing Addition by Using Sentence Connectors in Written English Materials, Tips, and Tools to Help You Learn English Top Lesson Plans for ESL and EFL Top Tips for Learning and Improving Your English 3 Ways to Drastically Improve Your Writing Skills Basic English Adjectives List Expand Your Vocabulary With Word Forms Polish Your English Skills with Tips on Adverb Clauses 7 Engaging Dialogue Activities for ESL Classes Are You Using Relative Clauses Properly in Your Speech and Writing?