Conjugate the Irregular French Verb 'Servir'

Waiter pouring wine for men at a restaurant.

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Servir ("to serve," "to be useful") is an irregular French -ir verb. Below are the simple conjugations of the verb servir. They do not include the compound tenses, which consist of a form of the auxiliary verb with the past participle.

Within irregular -ir verb conjugations, there are some patterns. Two groups exhibit similar characteristics and conjugation patterns. Then there is a final, large category of extremely irregular -ir verbs that follow no pattern.

Servir Is Irregular

Servir lies in the first group of irregular -ir verbs that display a pattern. It includes dormir, mentir, partir, sentir, servir, sortir, and all of their derivatives, such as repartir. All of these verbs share this characteristic: They all drop the last letter of the stem in the singular conjugations. For instance, the first-person singular of servir is je sers (no v) and the first-person plural is nous servons (retains the from the stem). The more you recognize these patterns, the easier it will be to remember conjugations.


Generally speaking, most French verbs ending in -mir, -tir, or -vir are conjugated this way. Such verbs include:

  • dormir: to sleep
  • endormir: to put / send to sleep
  • redormir: to sleep some more
  • rendormir: to put back to sleep
  • départir: to accord
  • partir: to leave
  • repartir: to restart, set off again
  • consentir: to consent
  • pressentir: to have a premonition
  • ressentir: to feel, sense
  • sentir: to feel, to smell
  • mentir: to lie
  • se repentir: to repent
  • sortir: to go out
  • servir: to serve, to be useful

Expressions and Usage

  • Servir quelqu'un de / en quelque chose.: To serve somebody with something / To serve something to somebody.
  • C'est difficile de se faire servir ici.: It's difficult to get served here.
  • Sers le café.: Pour the coffee.
  • Puis-je te servir du poulet?: Can I serve you some chicken?
  • Le dîner est servi!: Dinner is ready / Served!
  • Sers-moi à boire.: Give / pour me a drink.
  • Ils nous servent toujours les mêmes histoires aux informations.: They always dish out the same old stories on the news.
  • Servir la patrie / une cause: To serve country or a cause
  • On n'est jamais si bien servi que par soi-même. (proverb): If you want something done right, do it yourself.
  • Servir les intérêts d'une dette: To service a debt
  • servir la messe: To say / hold mass
  • Il a servi, ce manteau!: I got a lot of use out of this coat!
  • Ça n'a jamais servi.: It's never been used.
  • À toi de servir. (tennis): Your serve.
  • servir à: To be used for
  • Ça ne sert à rien de lui en parler.: It's useless to talk to him / It's no use talking to him about it.
  • Crier ne sert à rien.: There's no point in shouting.
  • servir de: to act as, to be
  • Je lui ai servi d'interprète.: I acted as his interpreter.
  • se servir [pronominal reflexive]: to help oneself
  • Servez-vous de / en légumes.: Help yourself to vegetables.
  • Je me suis servi un verre de lait.: I poured myself a glass of milk.
  • se servir [pronominal passive]: to be served
  • Le vin rouge se sert chambré.: Red wine should be served at room temperature.
  • se servir de quelque chose: to use something
  • Il ne peut plus se servir de son bras droit.: He can't use his right arm anymore.
  • C'est une arme dont on ne se sert plus.: It's a weapon that is no longer used / in use.
  • se servir de quelque chose comme: to use something as
  • se servir de quelqu'un: to make use of / to use somebody

Conjugations Tables

  Present Future Imperfect Present participle


sers servirai servais servant


sers serviras servais  


sert servira servait  


servons servirons servions  


servez servirez serviez  


servent serviront servaient  
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Team, ThoughtCo. "Conjugate the Irregular French Verb 'Servir'." ThoughtCo, Dec. 6, 2021, Team, ThoughtCo. (2021, December 6). Conjugate the Irregular French Verb 'Servir'. Retrieved from Team, ThoughtCo. "Conjugate the Irregular French Verb 'Servir'." ThoughtCo. (accessed June 4, 2023).