Short and Long Vowel Lesson Plan

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Often times students have a hard time differentiating short vowels from long vowels. Here is a lesson plan to help students recognize and remember, as well as be able to produce the sounds of both a short vowel and a long vowel.

Materials:

  • Songs for teaching grammar
  • Letter cards for teaching vowels

Learning the Differences

The first step to mastering the vowel sounds is to understand the difference between both short and long vowels.

Long vowels are the easiest of the two for students to learn because they have the same sound as their name. For example, the long o sounds like the o in the word ocean, and the long a sounds like the a in the word acorn. Short vowels are much more challenging for students to understand because they sound very similar to one another. For example, the short i in the word big sounds very similar to the short e in the word beg, and the short o in the word cop sounds similar to the short u in the word cup. Children need to be able to recognize and produce these sounds before they are able to learn the rules for reading and spelling them.

Short Vowels:

Short vowels have a curved symbol above them ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, ŭ. Here are a few examples of a short vowel: bun, bop, bed, bin, bat.

Long Vowels:

Long vowels have a straight line above them ā, ē, ī, ō, ū. Here are a few examples of a long vowel: face, even, lie, toe, use.

Procedure for Lesson

Follow this procedure to ensure students understand how to recognize and pronounce each vowel in the alphabet.

  1. Review the letter names a, e, i, o, and u. Discuss that the letter "y" is sometimes used as a vowel.
  2. Display each vowel letter card and ask students what vowel they hear when you say the following words: baby, beef, ride, rose, unicorn. Example to students that it is easy to hear the vowels in the words that say there name, these vowels are the long vowels.
  1. Call upon students to come up and take turns drawing a straight line over each vowel that you go over together. For example, write the letter "a" on the board and call upon a student to draw a straight line over the "a" and say "A long a sounds like the word "ape." Do this for each vowel.
  2. Teach students the long vowel song to help them remember.
  3. Next, go over short vowels. Display each letter card on the board and explain that sometimes vowels don't say there name and have a different sound. Ask students what vowel they hear when you say the following: apple, bed, pig, frog, bug.
  4. Call upon students to come up and take turns drawing a curved line over each vowel that you go over together. For example, write the letter "a" on the board and call upon a students to draw a curved line over the "a" and say " A short vowel sounds like ah in alligator." Continue to do this for each vowel sound.
  5. Next, teach the students the short vowel song to help them remember.
  6. To help students remember short and long vowels continue to practice the songs each day until they have memorized them.