A Calculator Example Program (With Java Code)

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Java Code:

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The following Java code is for a simple calculator. There are nine JButtons to represent the numbers 1 to 9, and three JButtons for addition, subtraction and totaling the result. A JTextField at the top keeps track of the numbers being pressed and the result of the arithmetic operation.

The purpose of this Java program is to show how to implement an ActionListener interface for handling JButton button event clicks by using the containing class, an inner class and an anonymous inner class.

//Imports are listed in full to show what's being used
//could just import javax.swing.* and java.awt.* etc..
import java.awt.EventQueue;
import java.awt.GridLayout;
import java.awt.BorderLayout;
import java.awt.event.ActionListener;
import java.awt.event.ActionEvent;
import javax.swing.JFrame;
import javax.swing.JPanel;
import javax.swing.JTextField;
import javax.swing.JButton;
import java.awt.Container;
public class SimpleCalc implements ActionListener{
JFrame guiFrame;
JPanel buttonPanel;
JTextField numberCalc;
int calcOperation = 0;
int currentCalc;
//Note: Typically the main method will be in a
//separate class. As this is a simple one class
//example it's all in the one class.
public static void main(String[] args) {
//Use the event dispatch thread for Swing components
EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable()
public void run()
new SimpleCalc();
public SimpleCalc()
guiFrame = new JFrame();
//make sure the program exits when the frame closes
guiFrame.setTitle("Simple Calculator");
//This will center the JFrame in the middle of the screen
numberCalc = new JTextField();
guiFrame.add(numberCalc, BorderLayout.NORTH);
buttonPanel = new JPanel();
//Make a Grid that has three rows and four columns
buttonPanel.setLayout(new GridLayout(4,3));
guiFrame.add(buttonPanel, BorderLayout.CENTER);
//Add the number buttons
for (int i=1;i<10;i++)
addButton(buttonPanel, String.valueOf(i));
JButton addButton = new JButton("+");
OperatorAction subAction = new OperatorAction(1);
JButton subButton = new JButton("-");
OperatorAction addAction = new OperatorAction(2);
JButton equalsButton = new JButton("=");
equalsButton.addActionListener(new ActionListener()
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event)
if (!numberCalc.getText().isEmpty())
int number = Integer.parseInt(numberCalc.getText());
if (calcOperation == 1)
int calculate = currentCalc + number;
else if (calcOperation == 2)
int calculate = currentCalc - number;
//All the buttons are following the same pattern
//so create them all in one place.
private void addButton(Container parent, String name)
JButton but = new JButton(name);
//As all the buttons are doing the same thing it's
//easier to make the class implement the ActionListener
//interface and control the button clicks from one place
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event)
//get the Action Command text from the button
String action = event.getActionCommand();
//set the text using the Action Command text
private class OperatorAction implements ActionListener
private int operator;
public OperatorAction(int operation)
operator = operation;
public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent event)
currentCalc = Integer.parseInt(numberCalc.getText());
calcOperation = operator;
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Your Citation
Leahy, Paul. "A Calculator Example Program (With Java Code)." ThoughtCo, Jan. 17, 2017, thoughtco.com/simple-calculator-example-program-2033906. Leahy, Paul. (2017, January 17). A Calculator Example Program (With Java Code). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/simple-calculator-example-program-2033906 Leahy, Paul. "A Calculator Example Program (With Java Code)." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/simple-calculator-example-program-2033906 (accessed April 23, 2018).