Spanish Verb Sonar Conjugation

Sonar Conjugation, Usage, and Examples

loud sound
¡Suena muy fuerte! (It sounds very loud!).

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The Spanish verbs sonar and soñar follow the same conjugation pattern. Sonar generally means to make a sound, but it can have a wide variety of translations depending on what is making the sound. Soñar, with the letter ñ, means to dream. You can use the tables below to conjugate both sonar and soñar in the preterite, imperfect, and future indicative; the imperfect subjunctive; the past participle; and the present participle or gerund.

For soñar, be sure to replace the n with an ñ.

How to Use Sonar in Spanish

The verb sonar refers to sound but it can be used in different contexts. For example, it can refer to an alarm beeping, a bird singing, a phone ringing, or a motor humming. It can also be used figuratively in expressions such as "suena bien" for "it sounds good" and "suena como un plan" for "it sounds like a plan."

In its conjugation, sonar is a stem-changing verb: When its stem is stressed, the o changes to ue. This affects some forms in the present tense of the indicative and subjunctive moods as well as some commands in the imperative mood.

Because sonar is typically used for objects instead of people, many of these conjugated forms are not common. However, you can use the patterns shown here for different subjects.

Present Indicative Tense of Sonar

The present indicative tense is used for actions that are happening or that happen regularly.

It can also be used in some situations that are scheduled to take place in the near future.

YosuenoI soundYo sueno como un disco rayado.
suenasYou soundTú suenas confiada.
Usted/él/ellasuenaYou/he/she/it soundsElla suena como un robot.
NosotrossonamosWe soundNosotros sonamos bien en nuestro concierto.
VosotrossonáisYou soundVosotras sonáis entonadas.
Ustedes/ellos/ellassuenanYou/they soundEllos suenan cansados.

Sonar Preterite

The preterite is used much like the simple past tense in English.

YosonéI soundedYo soné como un disco rayado.
sonasteYou soundedTú sonaste confiada.
Usted/él/ellasonóYou/he/she/it soundedElla sonó como un robot.
NosotrossonamosWe soundedNosotros sonamos bien en nuestro concierto.
VosotrossonasteisYou soundedVosotras sonasteis entonadas.
Ustedes/ellos/ellassonaronYou/they soundedEllos sonaron cansados.

Sonar Imperfect Indicative

The imperfect is a type of past tense that doesn't have a one-word equivalent in English. Common translations include "was sounding" and "used to sound."

YosonabaI was soundingYo sonaba como un disco rayado.
sonabasYou were soundingTú sonabas confiada.
Usted/él/ellasonabaYou/he/she/it was soundingElla sonaba como un robot.
NosotrossonábamosWe were soundingNosotros sonábamos bien en los conciertos.
VosotrossonabaisYou were soundingVosotras sonabais entonadas.
Ustedes/ellos/ellassonabanYou/they were soundingEllos sonaban cansados.

Sonar Future Tense

The simple future tense is used like the "will + verb" form in English. It is more formal than the periphrastic future.

YosonaréI will soundYo sonaré como un disco rayado.
sonarásYou will soundTú sonarás confiada.
Usted/él/ellasonaráYou/he/she/it will soundElla sonará como un robot.
NosotrossonaremosWe will soundNosotros sonaremos bien en nuestro concierto.
VosotrossonaréisYou will soundVosotras sonaréis entonadas.
Ustedes/ellos/ellassonaránYou/they will soundEllos sonarán cansados.

Periphrastic Future of Sonar

Yovoy a sonarI am going to soundYo voy a sonar como un disco rayado.
vas a sonarYou are going to soundTú vas a sonar confiada.
Usted/él/ellava a sonarYou/he/she/it is going to soundElla va a sonar como un robot.
Nosotrosvamos a sonarWe are going to soundNosotros vamos a sonar bien en nuestro concierto.
Vosotrosvais a sonarYou are going to soundVosotras vais a sonar entonadas.
Ustedes/ellos/ellasvan a sonarYou/they are going to soundEllos van a sonar cansados.

Conditional Indicative Form of Sonar

The conditional tense in Spanish, similar to the "would" verb forms in English, is also known as the hypothetical future tense.

YosonaríaI would soundYo sonaría como un disco rayado si no me obedecieran.
sonaríasYou would soundTú sonarías confiada si no estuvieras enferma.
Usted/él/ellasonaríaYou/he/she/it would soundElla sonaría como un robot, pero su voz es dulce.
NosotrossonaríamosWe would soundNosotros sonaríamos bien en nuestro concierto si tuviéramos micrófonos.
VosotrossonaríaisYou would soundVosotras sonaríais entonadas si conocierais la canción.
Ustedes/ellos/ellassonaríanYou/they would soundEllos sonarían cansados, pero tomaron una siesta.

Present Progressive/Gerund Form of Sonar

The Spanish gerund is similar to the "-ing" verbs of English, forming the progressive or continuous tenses.

Gerund of Sonarestá sonandoIs soundingElla está sonando como un robot.

Past Participle of Sonar

Past participles can be used to form the perfect tenses or to function as adjectives.

Participle of Sonarha sonadoHas soundedElla ha sonado como un robot.

Present Subjunctive of Sonar

Que yosueneThat I soundEl niño quiere que yo suene como un disco rayado.
Que túsuenesThat you soundAlberto espera que tú suenes confiada.
Que usted/él/ellasueneThat you/he/she/it soundEl director quiere que ella suene como un robot.
Que nosotrossonemosThat we soundVictoria espera que nosotros sonemos bien en nuestro concierto.
Que vosotrossonéisThat you soundLa profesora quiere que vosotras sonéis entonadas.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellassuenenThat you/they soundLaura teme que ellos suenen cansados.

Imperfect Subjunctive Forms of Sonar

Although both options are correct, the first of these two forms of the imperfect subjunctive is more common.

Option 1

Que yosonaraThat I soundedEl niño quería que yo sonara como un disco rayado.
Que túsonarasThat you soundedAlberto esperaba que tú sonaras confiada.
Que usted/él/ellasonaraThat you/he/she/it soundedEl director quería que ella sonara como un robot.
Que nosotrossonáramosThat we soundedVictoria esperaba que nosotros sonáramos bien en nuestro concierto.
Que vosotrossonaraisThat you soundedLa profesora quería que vosotras sonarais entonadas.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellassonaranThat you/they soundedLaura temía que ellos sonaran cansados.

Option 2

Que yosonaseThat I soundedEl niño quería que yo sonase como un disco rayado.
Que túsonasesThat you soundedAlberto esperaba que tú sonases confiada.
Que usted/él/ellasonaseThat you/he/she/it soundedEl director quería que ella sonase como un robot.
Que nosotrossonásemosThat we soundedVictoria esperaba que nosotros sonásemos bien en nuestro concierto.
Que vosotrossonaseisThat you soundedLa profesora quería que vosotras sonaseis entonadas.
Que ustedes/ellos/ellassonasenThat you/they soundedLaura temía que ellos sonasen cansados.

Imperative Forms of Sonar

The negative commands are the same as the present subjunctive, but the affirmative commands have distinctive forms in the familiar second person.

Imperative (Positive Command)

suenaSound!¡Suena confiada!
UstedsueneSound!¡Suene como un robot!
NosotrossonemosLet's sound!¡Sonemos bien!
VosotrossonadSound!¡Sonad entonadas!
UstedessuenenSound!¡Suenen cansados!

Imperative (Negative Command)

no suenesDon't sound!¡No suenes confiada!
Ustedno sueneDon't sound!¡No suene como un robot!
Nosotrosno sonemosLet's not sound!¡No sonemos bien!
Vosotrosno sonéisDon't sound!¡No sonéis entonadas!
Ustedesno suenenDon't sound!¡No suenen cansados!