How to Conjugate the French Irregular Verb 'Souffrir' ('to Suffer')

'Souffrir' is conjugated like other verbs ending in '-frir' and '-vrir'

person in pain
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Souffrir ("to suffer," "to endure," to tolerate," "to be in pain") is an irregular French -ir verb. Below are simple conjugations of the verb souffrir; the conjugation table does not include compound tenses, which consist of a form of the auxiliary verb avoir with the past participle souffert.

Within irregular -ir verb conjugations, there are some patterns. Two groups exhibit similar characteristics and conjugation patterns.

Then there is a final, large category of extremely irregular -ir verbs that follow no pattern.

'Souffrir' IS AN IRREGULAR '-IR-' VERB

Soufrir lies in the second group of irregular -ir verbs that display a pattern. The second group of verbs includes verbs like souffrir that all end in -frir or -vrir. These verbs, surprisingly, are all conjugated like regular -er verbs.

'Souffrir' IS CONJUGATED LIKE VERBS ENDING IN '-FRIR' AND '-VRIR'

All French verbs that end in -frir or -vrir are conjugated this way. They include:

  • couvrir > to cover
  • cueillir > to pick
  • découvrir > to discover
  • entrouvrir > to half-open
  • ouvrir > to open
  • offrir > to offer
  • recouvrir > to recover, conceal 
  • rouvrir > to reopen

EXPRESSIONS AND USAGE

  • Je ne peux souffrir cette idée. > I can't bear the thought
  • Il ne peut pas la souffrir. > He can't bear her.  
  • souffrir inutilement > to suffer needlessly 
  • souffrir financièrement > to suffer financially / to be in bad straits financially
  • Où souffrez-vous ? > Where is the pain ? / Where does it hurt ?
  • Elle a beaucoup souffert lors de son accouchement. > She had a very painful delivery.
  • Il est mort sans souffrir. > He felt no pain when he died.
  • souffrir de la faim / soif > to suffer from hunger / thirst
  • souffrir de la chaleur > to suffer from the heat
  • souffrir de (figurative): Sa renommée a souffert du scandale. > His reputation suffered from the scandal.
  • dût ton amour-propre en souffrir > even though your pride may suffer
  • Les récoltes n'ont pas trop souffert. > The crops didn't suffer too much / weren't too badly damaged.
  • C'est le sud du pays qui a le plus souffert. > The southern part of the country was the hit the hardest.
  • se souffrir (pronominal): Ils ne peuvent pas se souffrir. > They can't stand / bear each other.

Simple Conjugations of the Irregular French '-ir' Verb 'Soufrir'

 Present Future Imperfect Present participle
jesouffresouffriraisouffraissouffrant
tusouffressouffrirassouffrais 
ilsouffresouffrirasouffraitPassé composé
noussouffronssouffrironssouffrions   Auxiliary verb avoir
voussouffrezsouffrirezsouffriez   Past participlesouffert
ilssouffrentsouffrirontsouffraient 
 
 Subjunctive Conditional Passé simple Imperfect subjunctive
jesouffresouffriraissouffrissouffrisse
tusouffressouffriraissouffrissouffrisses
ilsouffresouffriraitsouffritsouffrît
noussouffrionssouffririonssouffrîmessouffrissions
voussouffriezsouffririezsouffrîtessouffrissiez
ilssouffrentsouffriraientsouffrirentsouffrissent
 
 Imperative
(tu)souffre   
(nous) souffrons 
(vous)souffrez 
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Your Citation
Lawless, Laura K. "How to Conjugate the French Irregular Verb 'Souffrir' ('to Suffer')." ThoughtCo, Oct. 30, 2017, thoughtco.com/souffrir-to-suffer-1370904. Lawless, Laura K. (2017, October 30). How to Conjugate the French Irregular Verb 'Souffrir' ('to Suffer'). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/souffrir-to-suffer-1370904 Lawless, Laura K. "How to Conjugate the French Irregular Verb 'Souffrir' ('to Suffer')." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/souffrir-to-suffer-1370904 (accessed November 22, 2017).