Languages › French How to Conjugate the Irregular French Verb 'Soutenir' ('to Support') 'Soutenir' is conjugated like other verbs ending in '-tenir' and '-venir' Share Flipboard Email Print Alcohol Can Delay Healing of Fractures. © Getty Images French Vocabulary Pronunciation & Conversation Grammar Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated January 30, 2019 Soutenir ('to support," "to give support to," "to defend," "to maintain") is a common French verb that belongs to one of the groups within irregular -ir verbs that display some conjugation patterns: a first group of verbs that are conjugated like partir; a second group conjugated like verbs ending in -llir, -frir, or -vrir; almost all of which are conjugated like regular -er verbs; and a third group ending in -enir, such as tenir ("to hold") and venir ("to come"), which follow a shared conjugation pattern in the present tense. The verb soutenir belongs to the third group of irregular -ir verbs ending in -enir that are conjugated like tenir and venir. Note that the conjugations in the table at the bottom of the page are only those for simple tenses; compound conjugations of soutenir, which include a form of the auxiliary verb avoir and the past participle soutenu, are not included. There's one major difference in the compound tenses of tenir, venir, and their derivatives: Tenir and its derivatives use avoir as their auxiliary verb, while venir and most of its derivatives use être. There are many verbs conjugated like these two major French verbs. Other FRENCH VERBS ENDING IN '-TENIR' Verbs that end in -tenir are all conjugated the same way. They all take avoir as their auxiliary verb. s'abstenir > to refrain, abstain from appartenir > to belong to contenir > to contain détenir > to detain entretenir > to look after, support, foster, keep alive maintenir > to maintain obtenir > to obtain retenir > to retain tenir > to hold, keep FRENCH VERBS ENDING IN '-VENIR' Most verbs that end in -venir use être as their auxiliary verb. A few, such as circonvenir, prévenir, and se souvenir (see below) use avoir. advenir > to happen circonvenir > to circumvent, get around contrevenir > to contravene convenir > to suit, be suitable devenir > to become intervenir > to intervene parvenir > to reach, achieve prévenir > to warn provenir > to come from, be due to revenir > to come back se souvenir de > to remember subvenir > to provide for survenir > to occur, take place venir > to come Expressions and Examples With 'Soutenir' Sa présence m'a beaucoup soutenue dans cette épreuve. > His presence was a great comfort to me in this ordeal Tu soutiens toujours ta fille contre moi ! > You always side with your daughter against me ! soutenir une équipe > to be a fan of / to support a sports team Je pense que nous sommes libres mais elle soutient le contraire. > I think that we're free but she claims (that) the opposite is true. Il soutient que tu mens. > He keeps saying that you're a liar. soutenir la comparaison avec > to stand / to bear comparison with soutenir un siège militaire > to withstand a siege soutenir sa thèse > to defend one's thesis se soutenir (reciprocal pronominal) > to stand by each other, to stick together se soutenir (intransitive pronominal) > to hold oneself up, to support oneself Le vieillard n'arrivait plus à se soutenir sur ses jambes. > The old man's legs could no longer support / carry him. Elle se soutenait avec peine. > She could hardly stay upright. HOW TO MEMORIZE FRENCH VERB CONJUGATIONS Tip: Concentrate on the most useful tenses (présent, imparfait, passé composé) and get used to using them in context. Once you've mastered them, move on to the rest. Training with an audio source may also be helpful. There are many liaisons, elisions, and modern glidings used with French verbs, and the written form may mislead you such that you end up using the wrong pronunciation. Simple Conjugations of the Irregular French '-ir' Verb 'Soutenir' Present Future Imperfect Present participle je soutiens soutiendrai soutenais soutenant tu soutiens soutiendras soutenais il soutient soutiendra soutenait nous soutenons soutiendrons soutenions vous soutenez soutiendrez souteniez ils soutiennent soutiendront soutenaient Passé composé Auxiliary verb avoir Past participle soutenu Subjunctive Conditional Passé simple Imperfect subjunctive je soutienne soutiendrais soutins soutinsse tu soutiennes soutiendrais soutins soutinsses il soutienne soutiendrait soutint soutînt nous soutenions soutiendrions soutînmes soutinssions vous souteniez soutiendriez soutîntes soutinssiez ils soutiennent soutiendraient soutinrent soutinssent Imperative tu soutiens nous soutenons vous soutenez Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate the Irregular French Verb 'Soutenir' ('to Support')." ThoughtCo, Aug. 25, 2020, thoughtco.com/soutenir-to-support-1370917. ThoughtCo. (2020, August 25). How to Conjugate the Irregular French Verb 'Soutenir' ('to Support'). Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/soutenir-to-support-1370917 ThoughtCo. "How to Conjugate the Irregular French Verb 'Soutenir' ('to Support')." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/soutenir-to-support-1370917 (accessed April 20, 2021). copy citation Conjugating the Simple French Tenses of "Obtenir" (Obtain, Get) Conjugating the Simple French Tenses of 'Revenir' (to Come Back) Conjugating the Irregular French Verb 'Devenir' (to Become) All About French Irregular '-ir' Verbs Conjugating Regular French '-IR' Verbs How to Conjugate the French Irregular Verb 'Souffrir' ('to Suffer') Conjugation of the French Irregular Verb Venir (To Come) Conjugations of Prévenir (to Warn) in French A Step-By-Steo Conjugation of "Maintenir" (To Maintain) How to Conjugate the French Verb Tenir How to Conjugate the Irregular French '-ir' Verb 'Offir' How to Conjugate the French Verb 'Promettre' Conjugations of Appartenir: to Belong How to Conjugate the French Verb 'Peindre' ('to Paint') How to Conjugate the French Verb 'Craindre' ('to Fear') How to Conjugate "Convenir"