Humanities › Geography Mexico's 31 States and Single Federal District Share Flipboard Email Print rodro/Pixabay Geography Country Information Basics Physical Geography Political Geography Population Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography By Amanda Briney Geography Expert M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. our editorial process Amanda Briney Updated July 25, 2019 Mexico, officially called the United Mexican States, is a federal republic located in North America. It is south of the United States and north of Guatemala and Belize. It is also bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. It has a total area of 758,450 square miles (1,964,375 sq km), which makes it the fifth-largest country by area in the Americas and the 14th largest in the world. Mexico has a population of 124,574,7957 (July 2017 estimate). Its capital and largest city is Mexico City. It's the 10th-largest country in the world by population, and Mexico City, when you take the entire metro area's population into account, is fifth in the list of the most populous of the world. It's in the top 25 when you use just the city proper. How Is Mexico Broken Up? Mexico is divided into 32 federal entities, of which 31 are states and one is a federal district. The following is a list of Mexico's states and federal district arranged by area. The population (as of 2015) and capital of each have also been included for reference. Federal District Mexico City (Ciudad de Mexico or formerly, Mexico, D.F.) Area: 573 square miles (1,485 sq km) Population: 8.9 million (21.581 million in the greater metropolitan area) This is a separate city from the 31 states, similar to Washington, D.C. in the United States. Chihuahua Area: 95,543 square miles (247,455 sq km) Population: 3,569,000 Capital: Chihuahua Sonora Area: 69,306 square miles (179,503 sq km) Population: 2,874,000 Capital: Hermosillo Coahuila de Zaragoza Area: 58,519 square miles (151,503 sq km) Population: 2,300,000 Capital: Saltillo Durango Area: 47,665 square miles (123,451 sq km) Population: 1,760,000 Capital: Victoria de Durango Oaxaca Area: 36,214 square miles (93,793 sq km) Population: 3,976,000 Capital: Oaxaca de Juárez Tamaulipas Area: 30,956 square miles (80,175 sq km) Population: 3,454,000 Capital: Ciudad Victoria Jalisco Area: 30,347 square miles (78,599 sq km) Population: 7,881,000 Capital: Guadalajara Zacatecas Area: 29,166 square miles (75,539 sq km) Population: 1,582,000 Capital: Zacatecas Baja California Sur Area: 28,541 square miles (73,922 sq km) Population: 718,000 Capital: La Paz Chiapas Area: 28,297 square miles (73,289 sq km) Population: 5,229,000 Capital: Tuxtla Gutiérrez Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave Area: 27,730 square miles (71,820 sq km) Population: 8,128,000 Capital: Xalapa-Enriquez Baja California Area: 27,585 square miles (71,446 sq km) Population: 3,349,000 Capital: Mexicali Nuevo León Area: 24,795 square miles (64,220 sq km) Population: 5,132,000 Capital: Monterrey Guerrero Area: 24,564 square miles (63,621 sq km) Population: 3,542,000 Capital: Chilpancingo de los Bravo San Luis Potosí Area: 23,545 square miles (60,983 sq km) Population: 2,724 Capital: San Luis Potosí Michoacán Area: 22,642 square miles (58,643 sq km) Population: 4,599,000 Capital: Morelia Campeche Area: 22,365 square miles (57,924 sq km) Population: 902,000 Capital: San Francisco de Campeche Sinaloa Area: 22,153 square miles (57,377 sq km) Population: 2,977,000 Capital: Culiacan Rosales Quintana Roo Area: 16,356 square miles (42,361 sq km) Population: 1,506,000 Capital: Chetumal Yucatán Area: 15,294 square miles (39,612 sq km) Population: 2,102,000 Capital: Mérida Puebla Area: 13,239 square miles (34,290 sq km) Population: 6,183,000 Capital: Puebla de Zaragoza Guanajuato Area: 11,818 square miles (30,608 sq km) Population: 5,865,000 Capital: Guanajuato Nayarit Area: 10,739 square miles (27,815 sq km) Population: 1,189,000 Capital: Tepic Tabasco Area: 9551 square miles (24,738 sq km) Population: 2,401,000 Capital: Villahermosa México Area: 8,632 square miles (22,357 sq km) Population: 16,225,000 Capital: Toluca de Lerdo Hidalgo Area: 8,049 square miles (20,846 sq km) Population: 2,863,000 Capital: Pachuca de Soto Querétaro Area: 4,511 square miles (11,684 sq km) Population: 2,044,000 Capital: Santiago de Querétaro Colima Area: 2,172 square miles (5,625 sq km) Population: 715,000 Capital: Colima Aguascalientes Area: 2,169 square miles (5,618 sq km) Population: 1,316,000 Capital: Aguascalientes Morelos Area: 1,889 square miles (4,893 sq km) Population: 1,912,000 Capital: Cuernavaca Tlaxcala Area: 1,541 square miles (3,991 sq km) Population: 1,274,000 Capital: Tlaxcala de Xicohténcatl Sources "North America:: Mexico." The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, July 24, 2019.