Student t Distribution Table

Bell shaped curves could be from a standard normal distribtion or a t-distribution.
The blue region represents two tails of the normal distribution. C.K.Taylor

This table below is a compilation of data from the Student t distribution. Anytime that a t-distribution is being used, a table such as this one can be consulted to perform calculations. This distribution is similar to the standard normal distribution, or bell curve, however the table is arranged differently than the table for the bell curve. The table below provides critical t-values for a particular area of one tail (listed along the top of the table) and degrees of freedom (listed along the side of the table). Degrees of freedom range from 1 to 30, with the bottom row of "Large" referring to several thousand degrees of freedom.

Example of Using the Table

A brief example will illustrate the use of the table below.  Suppose that we have a simple random sample of size 11.  This means that we will consult the row with 11 - 1 = 10 degrees of freedom.  Along the top of the table we have various levels of significance.  Suppose that we have a level of significance of 1%.  This corresponds to 0.01.  This column in the row with 10 degrees of freedom gives us a critical value of 2.76377.

This means that in order to reject the null hypothesis, we need a t-statistic that exceeds this value of 2.76377.  Otherwise we will fail to reject the null hypothesis.

Table of Critical Values for t Distribution

t 0.40 0.25 0.10 0.05 0.025 0.01 0.005 0.0005
1 0.324920 1.000000 3.077684 6.313752 12.70620 31.82052 63.65674 636.6192
2 0.288675 0.816497 1.885618 2.919986 4.30265 6.96456 9.92484 31.5991
3 0.276671 0.764892 1.637744 2.353363 3.18245 4.54070 5.84091 12.9240
4 0.270722 0.740697 1.533206 2.131847 2.77645 3.74695 4.60409 8.6103
5 0.267181 0.726687 1.475884 2.015048 2.57058 3.36493 4.03214 6.8688
6 0.264835 0.717558 1.439756 1.943180 2.44691 3.14267 3.70743 5.9588
7 0.263167 0.711142 1.414924 1.894579 2.36462 2.99795 3.49948 5.4079
8 0.261921 0.706387 1.396815 1.859548 2.30600 2.89646 3.35539 5.0413
9 0.260955 0.702722 1.383029 1.833113 2.26216 2.82144 3.24984 4.7809
10 0.260185 0.699812 1.372184 1.812461 2.22814 2.76377 3.16927 4.5869
11 0.259556 0.697445 1.363430 1.795885 2.20099 2.71808 3.10581 4.4370
12 0.259033 0.695483 1.356217 1.782288 2.17881 2.68100 3.05454 4.3178
13 0.258591 0.693829 1.350171 1.770933 2.16037 2.65031 3.01228 4.2208
14 0.258213 0.692417 1.345030 1.761310 2.14479 2.62449 2.97684 4.1405
15 0.257885 0.691197 1.340606 1.753050 2.13145 2.60248 2.94671 4.0728
16 0.257599 0.690132 1.336757 1.745884 2.11991 2.58349 2.92078 4.0150
17 0.257347 0.689195 1.333379 1.739607 2.10982 2.56693 2.89823 3.9651
18 0.257123 0.688364 1.330391 1.734064 2.10092 2.55238 2.87844 3.9216
19 0.256923 0.687621 1.327728 1.729133 2.09302 2.53948 2.86093 3.8834
20 0.256743 0.686954 1.325341 1.724718 2.08596 2.52798 2.84534 3.8495
21 0.256580 0.686352 1.323188 1.720743 2.07961 2.51765 2.83136 3.8193
22 0.256432 0.685805 1.321237 1.717144 2.07387 2.50832 2.81876 3.7921
23 0.256297 0.685306 1.319460 1.713872 2.06866 2.49987 2.80734 3.7676
24 0.256173 0.684850 1.317836 1.710882 2.06390 2.49216 2.79694 3.7454
25 0.256060 0.684430 1.316345 1.708141 2.05954 2.48511 2.78744 3.7251
26 0.255955 0.684043 1.314972 1.705618 2.05553 2.47863 2.77871 3.7066
27 0.255858 0.683685 1.313703 1.703288 2.05183 2.47266 2.77068 3.6896
28 0.255768 0.683353 1.312527 1.701131 2.04841 2.46714 2.76326 3.6739
29 0.255684 0.683044 1.311434 1.699127 2.04523 2.46202 2.75639 3.6594
30 0.255605 0.682756 1.310415 1.697261 2.04227 2.45726 2.75000 3.6460
Large 0.253347 0.674490 1.281552 1.644854 1.95996 2.32635 2.57583 3.2905