Languages › French Identifying the Sentence Subject in French It's Performing the Action Share Flipboard Email Print PeopleImages / Getty Images French Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Resources For Teachers By ThoughtCo Updated October 28, 2019 The subject is the noun or pronoun in a clause or sentence that performs the action of the verb. To find the subject, ask who or what is performing the action of the verb. It is crucial to recognize the subject because French verbs are conjugated according to the number, person and gender of the subject noun or the subject pronoun. David lave la voiture. / David is washing the car. Who is washing the car? David is, so David is the subject. Subject Pronouns Subject pronouns replace the specific names of people or things: SINGULAR 1st person je > I 2nd person tu > you 3rd person il > he, it / elle > she, it / on > one PLURAL 1st person nous > we 2nd person vous > you 3rd person ils > they (m) / elles > they (f) The French subject pronoun on is an indefinite pronoun that means "one," "we," "you" and "they." It's often equivalent to the English passive voice. On ne devrait pas poser cette question.One shouldn't ask that question. / You shouldn't ask that quesiton. Note that, unlike the English "I," the French je is only capitalized when it begins a sentence; otherwise it is lowercase. Subjects in Sentences Whether sentences be statements, exclamations, questions, or commands, there is always a subject, either stated or implied. Only in a command is the subject not explicitly stated; it is implied by the imperative conjugation of the verb. Sentences can be separated into a subject (un sujet) and a predicate (un prédicat). The subject is the person or thing performing the action, and the predicate is the rest of the sentence, which usually begins with the verb.Je suis professeur. Suject: Je. Prédicat: suis professeur. I am a teacherSubject: I. Predicate: am a professor. La jeune fille est mignonne Sujet: La jeune fille. Prédicat: est mignonne. The young girl is cute.Subject: The young girl. Predicate: is cute.