Languages › English as a Second Language 'Such' and 'So' Differences in Grammar for ESL Learners Share Flipboard Email Print "It was such an expensive car that they didn't buy it.". JGI/Jamie Grill/Blend Images/Getty Images English as a Second Language Resources for Teachers Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Grammar Business English By Kenneth Beare English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert TESOL Diploma, Trinity College London M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. our editorial process Kenneth Beare Updated August 06, 2018 Structures using 'such' and 'so' are similar in meaning, but different in construction. The main difference between the two structures is that 'such' takes a noun phrase, whereas 'so' takes an adjective. 'Such … that' 'Such … that' takes a noun or modified noun in a noun phrase. 'That' can be used following the noun phrase but is not required. such + adjective + noun + (that) Examples: The recording was such a disappointment that I didn't buy any more from that artist.It was such an expensive car that they didn't buy it. 'So … that' 'So … that' takes an adjective. 'That' can be used following the noun phrase but is not required. So + adjective + (that) Examples: The game was so fascinating (that) he played for hours.Our vacation apartment was so luxurious (that) we didn't want to leave. 'So' for Results 'So' can also be used to express a result. In this case 'so' is followed by a full clause: Examples: I had a lot of time so I visited the museum.She wasn't happy in her current position so she looked for a new job.