Languages › English as a Second Language Suffixes in German Adjectives I Changing Nouns Into German Adjectives Share Flipboard Email Print English as a Second Language Grammar Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Reading Comprehension Business English Resources for Teachers By Ingrid Bauer German Language Expert M.A., German Studies, McGill University B.A., German and French Ingrid Bauer, who is fluent in German, has been teaching and tutoring the German language since 1996. She has a teaching degree and an M.A. in German studies. our editorial process Ingrid Bauer Updated November 04, 2019 Many German words can be converted into adjectives by adding suffixes. There are several options of suffixes that contribute to different meanings for adjectives. See below for ways that nouns can be changed into adjectives. See also Suffixes in German Adjectives II. Suffix Possible Meaning Example -haft to accentuate a specific trait Die Aufführung war sagenhaft./ The performance was marvelous -los without Er ist schon seit Monaten arbeitslos./ He’s been unemployed for months. -ig in a certain way Dieser Mann ist schläfrig./ This man is sleepy. -isch of origin, belonging to; also added to some foreign words Ich bin italienisch; Der Junge ist autistisch/ I am italien; The boy is autistic. lich a characteristic, in the manner of Ich finde das herrlich; Herzliche Grüβe/ I find that wonderful; Heartfelt Greetings. -arm > lacking in seelenarm/ low, poor in spirit -frei without arbeitsfrei / work-free -leer without luftleer / air-free -reich plenty vitaminreich/ vitamin-rich -voll plenty eimervoll/ bucketfull -fest something stable, solid wasserfest/ watertight Easy and Common German Adjectives to Remember How Do You Master German Nouns with -er Endings? How to Form and Use Possessive Adjectives Are You Using Italian Possessive Adjectives the Correct Way? Learn These Common Collocations With Money How to Use Italian Modifying Suffixes for Nicknames Did You Know That "Ich Bin Kalt" Could Offend a German? Plurals of German Nouns - How to Use and Conjugate Easily Teach Pronouns to ESL Students How to Properly Use the Word "That" for Beginning English Students Italian Nouns With Irregular Gender Foundations of Grammar in Italian Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Spedire' The Difference Between 'Sehr' and 'Viel' in German Explanation and Examples of Wo and Da in German What German Plural Nouns End With "-e"?