Suffixes in German Adjectives I

Changing Nouns Into German Adjectives

Many German words can be converted into adjectives by adding suffixes. There are several options of suffixes that contribute to different meanings for adjectives. See below for ways that nouns can be changed into adjectives. See also Suffixes in German Adjectives II.

SuffixPossible MeaningExample
-haftto accentuate a specific traitDie Aufführung war sagenhaft./ The performance was marvelous
-loswithoutEr ist schon seit Monaten arbeitslos./ He’s been unemployed for months.
-igin a certain way Dieser Mann ist schläfrig./ This man is sleepy.
-ischof origin, belonging to; also added to some foreign wordsIch bin italienisch; Der Junge ist autistisch/ I am italien; The boy is autistic.
licha characteristic, in the manner ofIch finde das herrlich; Herzliche Grüβe/ I find that wonderful; Heartfelt Greetings.
-arm> lacking inseelenarm/ low, poor in spirit
-freiwithoutarbeitsfrei / work-free
-leerwithoutluftleer / air-free
-reichplentyvitaminreich/ vitamin-rich
-vollplentyeimervoll/ bucketfull
-festsomething stable, solidwasserfest/ watertight
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Your Citation
Bauer, Ingrid. "Suffixes in German Adjectives I." ThoughtCo, Feb. 22, 2016, Bauer, Ingrid. (2016, February 22). Suffixes in German Adjectives I. Retrieved from Bauer, Ingrid. "Suffixes in German Adjectives I." ThoughtCo. (accessed March 17, 2018).