Humanities › Literature About the "The Dining Room" A Full Length Play by A.R. Gurney Share Flipboard Email Print Predictably, this is the setting for the play "The Dining Room.". Sasha Literature Plays & Drama Basics & Advice Playwrights Play & Drama Reviews Monologues Improvisation Games and Activities Best Sellers Classic Literature Poetry Quotations Shakespeare Short Stories Children's Books By Rosalind Flynn Theater Education Expert Ph.D., Educational Drama, University of Maryland B.A., Drama, The Catholic University of America Rosalind Flynn, Ph.D., is the director of the Master of Arts in Theatre Education degree program at The Catholic University of America. our editorial process Rosalind Flynn Updated March 24, 2019 The Dining Room is a two-act play consisting of 18 distinct scenes that utilizes theatrical conventions such as pantomime, non-linear timelines, double (triple, quadruple +) casting, and minimal costumes and set. Playwright A.R. Gurney wants to create a feeling of a dining room "existing in a void." Whatever events happened before or happen after a particular scene do not matter. Focus should remain entirely on the characters and events as they are in that particular moment in that particular time in their particular dining room. Time is a fluid concept in The Dining Room. One scene often begins before the previous scene has ended. This type of seamless scene change is a convention that Gurney uses in many of his plays. In this play, these scene changes enhance the feeling of action happening in a void independent of the scenes before and after. The format of The Dining Room provides strong opportunities for actors and directors to present a variety of well-developed characters and to experiment with how different tactics and intentions can influence a scene. It is a strong choice for directing students looking for directing scenes. It is also a strong choice for acting students in need of scenes for class. Synopsis Throughout the course of a day, the audience witnesses various scenes involving characters from different eras of the twentieth century. There is an upper class family during the Depression, a brother and sister in modern times dividing up a parent’s possessions, girls in search of liquor and pot, a nephew doing research for his college paper, and many more. No two scenes are the same and only one character appears more than once. Each scene includes an element of wealth and grandeur; often a maid (or two) is present and a cook is mentioned. Manners and deportment as well as public image are big concerns for most of the characters in each scene, no matter the era in which the scene takes place. Adultery, vanishing customs, the treatment of domestic help, homosexuality, Alzheimer's, sex, drugs, women's education, and family values are all subjects discussed and acted out in a home's dining room. Production Details Setting: A dining roomTime: Various times throughout the day during many different eras of the 20th century.Cast Size: This play can accommodate as few as 6 actors who double in roles, but there are a total of 57 speaking roles.Male Characters: 3Female Characters: 3 Playwright A.R. Gurney advises theaters producing The Dining Room to cast people of many different ethnicities and ages. Production Notes Set. The entire play takes place upon one stationary set with two entrances and exits upstage: one to an unseen kitchen and the other to an unseen hallway that leads to the rest of the house. A table and chairs are in evidence but windows should only be suggested with lighting and walls suggested by extra dining room chairs lining the perimeter of the dining room. Lighting begins as early morning sunlight and progresses throughout the "day" until dark when candles are used to light the final dinner party of the play. Props. There is a long and involved prop list for this play. A full list can be found in the script offered by Dramatists Play Service, Inc. However, A.R. Gurney specifically states, "The thing to remember is that this is not a play about dishes, or food, or costume changes, but rather a play about people in a dining room." Characters, Scene by Scene ACT I Agent, Client - The Client is in the market for temporary housing due to a new job placement. The client falls in love with the dining room but does not feel the house is affordable.Arthur, Sally - These siblings have recently moved their mother out of her large house and to a new smaller house in Florida. They are now tasked with dividing up the leftover possessions between themselves.Annie, Father, Mother, Girl, Boy - This family and their maid, Annie, discuss politics and their daily life over breakfast during the Great Depression. (See this scene and the previous two here.)Ellie, Howard - Ellie moves her typewriter onto the dining room table so she can finish work on her master's degree. Howard is concerned about the damage she might cause the old family table.Carolyn, Grace - This mother and daughter pair argue over the direction the daughter, Carolyn, wants to take her life. Grace wants her daughter to follow in her footsteps with the Junior Assembly and Carolyn prefers the theater.Michael, Aggie - Michael is a little boy who loves his maid, Aggie. He tries to convince Aggie not to leave his family for other better paying work. (See this scene and the previous two here.)Buyer/Psychiatrist, Architect - The Architect wants to bust down the walls of the Buyer's new house for his Psychiatrist office. The Architect believes dining rooms are outdated.Peggy, Ted, and children: Brewster, Billy, Sandra, Winkie - Peggy and Ted discuss their feelings for each other and what an affair might do to both their marriages. The scene takes place during Peggy's daughter's birthday party. (See this scene and the previous one here.)Nick, Grandfather, Dora - Nick has come to ask his grandfather for tuition money. (See this scene and the continuation of the one above here.)Paul, Margery - Paul has come to fix Margery's table. (See this scene and the completion of the one above here.)Nancy, Stuart, Old Lady, Ben, Beth, Fred - Three sons try to share Thanksgiving with their old mother who has severe Alzheimer's disease. (This scene begins within the video link above and concludes in this link.) ACT II Helen, Sarah- The two girls hunt for liquor and discuss how their families eat dinner. (This scene appears in the middle of this link.)Kate, Gordon, Chris- Kate and Gordon are having an affair. They are caught by Kate's son, Chris. (This scene begins in the video link above and concludes in this one.)Tony, Aunt Harriet - Tony is writing a paper about the eating habits of vanishing cultures. He has chosen the WASPS of the Northeastern United States as his subject. (This scene appears within this video link.)Meg, Jim - Meg has left her husband, had two affairs, and now wants to move herself and her children into her father's house till she can get back on her feet. Her father, Jim, does not approve. (This scene begins in this video link and concludes in the one below.)Emily, David, Claire, Bertha, Standish - Standish's brother has just been called a homosexual slur at their country club. Standish explains to his wife, children, and their maid that he is going to skip dinner, go down to the club and stand up to the men who harassed his brother. He knows that he is likely to be beaten up, but he believes that it is important to support your family. (This scene begins in the middle of this video link and concludes in the one below.)Harvey, Dick - Harvey discusses his own funeral plans with his son. (This scene appears within this video link.)Annie, Ruth, Host, Guests - The ultimate dinner party. (This scene appears in this video link.)Content Issues: Talk of adultery and homosexuality; occasionally objectionable language language Dramatists Play Service, Inc. holds the production rights for The Dining Room.