Humanities › Languages The Mexican National Anthem Himno Nacional Mexicano Share Flipboard Email Print La bandera mexicana. (The Mexican flag.). Photo by Alvaro_qc; licensed via Creative Commons. Languages Spanish History & Culture Basics Pronunciation & Conversation Vocabulary Writing Skills Grammar English as a Second Language French German Italian Japanese Mandarin Russian English Grammar View More by Francisco González Bocanegra Updated January 27, 2019 One of the most impressive choral performances I've heard was when I was part of a crowd of hundreds of thousands one Sept. 15, the eve of Mexico's Independence Day, on Mexico City's main plaza, known as the Zócalo. Late in the night, the crowd sang this song, the Mexican National Anthem, known officially as el Himno Nacional Mexicano. The anthem was written in 1853 by poet Francisco González Bocanegra, although it didn't become official until nearly a century later. It was originally written with 10 verses and a chorus, although only four verses are typically sung. The anthem is usually sung starting with a chorus followed by the four stanzas, with the chorus sung between each stanza and at the end. Estribillo: Mexicanos, al grito de guerraEl acero aprestad y el bridón,Y retiemble en sus centros la tierraAl sonoro rugir del cañón. Chorus: Mexicans, when the war cry is heard,Have sword and bridle ready.Let the earth's foundations trembleAt the loud cannon's roar. Estrofa 1: Ciña ¡oh Patria! tus sienes de olivaDe la paz el arcángel divino,Que en el cielo tu eterno destino,Por el dedo de Dios se escribió;Mas si osare un extraño enemigo,Profanar con su planta tu suelo,Piensa ¡oh Patria querida! que el cieloUn soldado en cada hijo te dio. Stanza 1: May the divine archangel crown your brow,Oh fatherland, with an olive branch of peace,For your eternal destiny has been writtenIn heaven by the finger of God.But should a foreign enemyDare to profane your soil with his tread,Know, beloved fatherland, that heaven gave youA soldier in each of your sons. Estrofa 2: Guerra, guerra sin tregua al que intente¡De la patria manchar los blasones!¡Guerra, guerra! Los patrios pendonesEn las olas de sangre empapad.¡Guerra, guerra! En el monte, en el valleLos cañones horrísonos truenenY los ecos sonoros resuenenCon las voces de ¡Unión! ¡Libertad! Stanza 2: War, war without truce against who would attemptto blemish the honor of the fatherland!War, war! The patriotic bannerssaturate in waves of blood.War, war! On the mount, in the valeThe terrifying cannon thunderand the echoes nobly resoundto the cries of union! liberty! Estrofa 3: Antes, patria,que inermes tus hijosBajo el yugo su cuello dobleguen,Tus campiñas con sangre se rieguen,Sobre sangre se estampe su pie.Y tus templos, palacios y torresSe derrumben con hórrido estruendo,Y sus ruinas existan diciendo:De mil héroes la patria aquí fue. Stanza 2: Fatherland, before your children become unarmedBeneath the yoke their necks in sway,May your countryside be watered with blood,On blood their feet trample.And may your temples, palaces and towerscrumble in horrid crash,and their ruins exist saying:The fatherland was made of one thousand heroes here. Estrofa 4: ¡Patria! ¡Patria! tus hijos te juranExhalar en tus aras su aliento,Si el clarín con su bélico acento,Los convoca a lidiar con valor:¡Para ti las guirnaldas de oliva!¡Un recuerdo para ellos de gloria!¡Un laurel para ti de victoria!¡Un sepulcro para ellos de honor! Stanza 4: Fatherland, oh fatherland, your sons vowTo give their last breath on your altars,If the trumpet with its warlike soundCalls them to valiant battle.For you, the olive garlands,For them, a glorious memory.For you, the victory laurels,For them, an honored tomb. Continue Reading Spanish National Anthem Has No Words for It Learn the Months of the Year in Spanish Mexican Music and German Oom-pah-pah How To Write Dates in Spanish What Are the Names of 60 Different Nationalities in Spanish? Here's 7 Things You Need to Know About Guatemala 15 Spanish-Language Hit Songs You May Have Heard 10 Facts You Should Know About Mexico 14 Spanish-Language Movies That Have Been Popular in the U.S. 15 Rules for Using the Definite Article in Spanish 4 Ways of Using the Spanish Conjunction “Y” 6 Ways of Using the Spanish Verb "Llegar" 3 Ways To Sing "Jingle Bells" in Spanish 3 Reasons You Might Put an Adjective Before a Noun in Spanish How to Pronounce "Guacamole" in Spanish How Do You Conjugate the Spanish Verb Estar?