The Most Puzzling Ancient Artifacts

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The Grooved Spheres

The Bible tells us that God created Adam and Eve just a few thousand years ago, by some fundamentalist interpretations. Science informs us that this is mere fiction and that man is a few million years old, and that civilization just tens of thousands of years old. Could it be, however, that conventional science is just as mistaken as the Bible stories? There is a great deal of archeological evidence that the history of life on earth might be far different than what current geological and anthropological texts tell us. Consider these astonishing finds:

Over the last few decades, miners in South Africa have been digging up mysterious metal spheres. Origin unknown, these spheres measure approximately an inch or so in diameter, and some are etched with three parallel grooves running around the equator. Two types of spheres have been found: one is composed of a solid bluish metal with flecks of white; the other is hollowed out and filled with a spongy white substance. The kicker is that the rock in which they where found is Precambrian - and dated to 2.8 billion years old! Who made them and for what purpose is unknown.

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The Ica Stones

In the 1930s, Dr. Javier Cabrera, a medical doctor, received a gift of a strange stone from a local farmer. Dr. Cabrera was so intrigued that he collected more than 1,100 of these andesite stones, which are estimated to be between 500 and 1,500 years old and have become known collectively as the Ica Stones. The stones bear etchings, many of which are sexually graphic (which was common to the culture); some picture idols and others depict such practices as open-heart surgery and brain transplants. The most astonishing etchings, however, clearly represent dinosaurs - brontosaurs, triceratops (see photo), stegosaurus and pterosaurs. While skeptics consider the Ica Stones a hoax, their authenticity has neither been proved or disproved.

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The Antikythera Mechanism

A perplexing artifact was recovered by sponge-divers from a shipwreck in 1900 off the coast of Antikythera, a small island that lies northwest of Crete. The divers brought up from the wreck a great many marble and and bronze statues that had apparently been the ship's cargo. Among the findings was a hunk of corroded bronze that contained some kind of mechanism composed of many gears and wheels. Writing on the case indicated that it was made in 80 B.C., and many experts at first thought it was an astrolabe, an astronomer's tool. An x-ray of the mechanism, however, revealed it to be far more complex, containing a sophisticated system of differential gears. Gearing of this complexity was not known to exist until 1575! It is still unknown who constructed this amazing instrument 2,000 years ago or how the technology was lost.

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The Baghdad Battery

Today, batteries can be found in any grocery, drug, convenience and department store you come across. Well, here's a battery that's 2,000 years old! Known as the Baghdad Battery, this curiosity was found in the ruins of a Parthian village believed to date back to between 248 B.C. and 226 A.D. The device consists of a 5-1/2-inch high clay vessel inside of which was a copper cylinder held in place by asphalt, and inside of that was an oxidized iron rod. Experts who examined it concluded that the device needed only to be filled with an acid or alkaline liquid to produce an electric charge. It is believed that this ancient battery might have been used for electroplating objects with gold. If so, how was this technology lost... and the battery not rediscovered for another 1,800 years?

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The Coso Artifact

While mineral hunting in the mountains of California near Olancha during the winter of 1961, Wallace Lane, Virginia Maxey and Mike Mikesell found a rock, among many others, that they thought was a geode - a good addition for their gem shop. Upon cutting it open, however, Mikesell found an object inside that seemed to be made of white porcelain. In the center was a shaft of shiny metal. Experts estimated that, if this was a geode, it should have taken about 500,000 years for this fossil-encrusted nodule to form, yet the object inside was obviously of sophisticated human manufacture. Further investigation revealed that the porcelain was surround by a hexagonal casing, and an x-ray revealed a tiny spring at one end, like a spark plug. There's a bit of controversy around this artifact, as you can imagine. Some contend that the artifact was not inside a geode at all, but encased in hardened clay. The artifact itself has been identified by experts as a 1920s-era Champion spark plug. Unfortunately, the Coso Artifact has gone missing and cannot be thoroughly examined. Is there a natural explanation for it? Or was it found, as the discoverer claimed, inside a geode? If so, how could a 1920s sparkplug get inside a 500,000-year-old rock?

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Ancient Model Aircraft

There are artifacts belonging to ancient Egyptian and Central American cultures that look amazingly like modern-day aircraft. The Egyptian artifact, found in a tomb at Saqquara, Egypt, in 1898, is a 6-inch wooden object that strongly resembles a model airplane, with fuselage, wings and tail. Experts believe the object is so aerodynamic that it is actually able to glide. The small object discovered in Central America, and estimated to be 1,000 years old, is made of gold and could easily be mistaken for a model of a delta-wing aircraft - or even the Space Shuttle. It even features what looks like a pilot's seat.

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Giant Stone Balls of Costa Rica

Workmen hacking and burning their way through the dense jungle of Costa Rica to clear an area for banana plantations in the 1930s stumbled upon some incredible objects: dozens of stone balls, many of which were perfectly spherical. They varied in size from as small as a tennis ball to an astonishing 8 feet in diameter and weighing 16 tons! Although the great stone balls are clearly man-made, it is unknown who made them, for what purpose and, most puzzling, how they achieved such spherical precision.

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Impossible Fossils

Fossils, as we learned in grade school, appear in rocks that were formed many thousands of years ago. Yet there are a number of fossils that just don't make geological or historical sense. A fossil of a human handprint, for example, was found in limestone estimated to be 110 million years old. What appears to be a fossilized human finger found in the Canadian Arctic also dates back 100 to 110 million years ago. And what appears to be the fossil of a human footprint, possibly wearing a sandal, was found near Delta, Utah in a shale deposit estimated to be 300 million to 600 million years old.

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Out-of-Place Metal Objects

Humans were not even around 65 million years ago, never mind people who could work metal. So then how does science explain semi-ovoid metallic tubes dug out of 65-million-year-old Cretaceous chalk in France? In 1885, a block of coal was broken open to find a metal cube obviously worked by intelligent hands. In 1912, employees at an electric plant broke apart a large chunk of coal out of which fell an iron pot! A nail was found embedded in a sandstone block from the Mesozoic Era. And there are many, many more such anomalies.

What are we to make of these finds? There are several possibilities:

  • Intelligent humans date back much, much further than we realize.
  • Other intelligent beings and civilizations existed on earth far beyond our recorded history.
  • Our dating methods are completely inaccurate, and that stone, coal and fossils form much more rapidly than we now estimate.

In any case, these examples - and there are many more - should prompt any curious and open-minded scientist to reexamine and rethink the true history of life on earth.

Poll: How can these anomalous artifacts best be explained?

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Shoe Print in Granite

Shoe Print in Granite
Shoe Print in Granite.

This shoe print fossil was discovered in a seam of coal in Fisher Canyon, Pershing County, Nevada. It is estimated that the age of this coal is a whopping 15 million years old! And lest you think that this is the fossil of some kind of animal whose shape merely resembles a modern shoe, close-up examination of the fossil reveals that traces of a double line of sewed stitches around the perimeter of the shape are clearly visible. It's about a size 13, and the right side of the heel appears to be more worn down than the left.

How does a modern shoe print become impressed in material that would later become coal 15 million years ago? Either:

  • The imprint was made recently and coal does not really take millions of years to form (which science does not support), or...
  • There were people (or something like people) walking around in shoes 15 million years ago (of which we have no historical record), or...
  • Time travelers went back in time and carelessly left this show print, or...
  • It is an elaborate, highly detailed hoax.

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Ancient Footprint

Ancient Footprint
Ancient Footprint. Jerry MacDonald

You could see a human footprint like this today on any beach or patch of mud. But this footprint -- clearly from the anatomy of a modern human being -- is fossilized in stone estimated to be about 290 million years old.

The discovery was made in New Mexico by paleontologist Jerry MacDonald in 1987. There were fossil footprints of birds and other animals, but MacDonald was particularly at a loss to explain how this modern footprint could possibly have been cast in Permian strata, which dates from 290 to 248 million years ago -- long before man (or even birds and dinosaurs for that matter) existed on this planet, according to current scientific thinking.

In an article that Smithsonian Magazine ran in 1992 about the discovery, it was noted that paleontologists call such anomalies as "problematica." Big problems indeed for scientists.

It's the white crow theory: All we have to do to prove that not all crows are black is to find just one white crow.

Similarly: All we have to do to prove that the history of modern man (or possibly how we date strata) is to find a fossil like this. Yet, scientists just put it on a shelf, label it as "problematica" and continue in their rigid beliefs because the reality is too inconvenient.

Is that good science?

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Ancient springs, screws and metal

Ancient springs, screws and metal
Ancient springs, screws and metal.

They look like objects you'd find in any workshop or machine shop scrap bin. They are obviously manufactured. Yet this assortment of metal springs, eyelets, spirals, and other metal objects were found in layers of sediment dated to be up to 100,000 years old! There weren't many metal foundries in those days.

Thousands of these things -- some measure as small as 1/10,000th of an inch! -- were discovered by gold miners in the Ural Mountains of Russia in the 1990s. Dug up from a depth of 3 to 40 feet in layers of earth dating back to the upper Pleistocene era, these curious objects could be anywhere from 20,000 to 100,000 years old.

Are they evidence of a long-lost but advanced civilization?

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Metal rod encased in stone

Rod in stone
Rod in stone.

How can we explain stone that appears to have formed around a mysterious metal rod?

Found by rock collector Zhilin Wang in the Mazong Mountains of China, the hard black rock has embedded within it a metal rod of unknown origin and purpose. The rod has screw-like threads, suggested that it is a manufactured item, yet the fact that it was in the ground long enough for hard rock to form around it means that it must be millions of years old.

It has even been suggested that the rock is a meteorite and dropped to Earth from space, meaning the artifact could be extraterrestrial in origin.

Remarkably, this is not an isolated case of metal screws being found within solid rock; many others have been found:

  • In early 2000s, a strange rock was found in the suburbs of Moscow, Russia in which were embedded two screw-like objects.
  • Another rock found in Russia, when subjected to X-ray examination, was found to have eight screws within it!

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The Williams Connector

The Williams connector
The Williams connector.

A man by the name of John Williams said that he found this artifact while hiking in a remote rural area. He had passed through some bushes in his shorts, and when he looked down to see how badly his legs might be scratched, he found this unusual rock.

The rock itself isn't unusual, except for the fact that it has some kind of manufactured thing embedded in it. Whatever it is has three metal prongs sticking out of it, as if it's some kind of connector.

The spot where he found it, Williams said, is "at least 25 feet from the nearest trail (which was dirt and faint), not near any urban areas, industrial complexes, electrical or electronic establishments, nuclear facilities, airports, or military operations (that I was aware of)."

The rock is natural quartz and feldspar granite, and such rocks to not form, according to geology, in a matter of decades, which is what would be required if the anomalous object were made by modern man. No, Williams estimates the rock to be about 100,000 years old.

So who was around then to make such an object?

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Aiud Aluminum Artifact

Aiud Aluminum Artifact
The Aiud aluminum artifact.

This 5-pound, 8-inch long object of solid, nearly pure aluminum was found in Romania in 1974. Workers digging a trench along the Mures River discovered a couple of mastodon bones and this enigmatic object, over which scientists have puzzled ever since.

Clearly manufactured and not a natural formation, the artifact was sent for analysis and was found to be composed of 89 percent aluminum with traces of copper, zinc, lead, cadmium, nickel, and other elements. Aluminum in this form is not found free in nature, but must be manufactured and wasn't produced in quantity until the 1800s.

If it is the same age as the mastodon bones, that would make it at lease 11,000 years old, when the last of that species went extinct. An analysis of the oxidized layer coating the artifact dated it to 300 to 400 years old -- still well before the known time when aluminum manufacturing process was invented.

So who made this object? And what was it used for? There are those who are quick, of course, to suggest it is of extraterrestrial origin... but the facts are at present unknown.

Oddly (or maybe not), the mysterious object has been secreted away somewhere and is not available for public viewing or further analysis.

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The Piri Reis Map

Piri Reis Map
Piri Reis Map.

This map, rediscovered in 1929 in a Turkish museum, is a puzzlement, not only for its remarkable accuracy, but also for what it shows.

Drawn on gazelle skin, the Piri Reis map is part of a larger map, but the only surviving half is show here. It was compiled in the 1500s from, according to writing on the map itself, other maps dating back to around the year 300. But how can this be when the map shows:

  • South America in an accurate position in relation to Africa.
  • The western coasts of North Africa and Europe and the eastern coast of Brazil.
  • Most astonishing, a partial view of a continent far south where we now know Antarctica to be, yet Antarctica was not discovered until 1820. More puzzling is that it is shown without ice in good detail, yet that land mass has been covered with ice for at least 6,000 years.

This artifact, too, is presently not available for public viewing.

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The Fossil Hammer

The Fossil Hammer
The Fossil Hammer.

The hammer head and partial handle was found near London, Texas by two hikers, Mr. and Mrs. Hahn, in 1936 near the Red Creek when they spotted a piece of wood protruding from a rock. It wasn't until about 1947 that their son broke open the rock, revealing the hammer head inside.

This tool presents a difficult problem for archaeologists: the limestone rock in which it is encased is estimated to be 110-115 million years old. In fact the wooden handle has petrified, like ancient petrified wood, the the hammer head, composed of solid iron, is of relatively recent design.

One possible scientific explanation was given by John Cole, a researcher for the National Center for Science Education:

"The stone is real, and it looks impressive to someone unfamiliar with geological processes," he wrote in 1985. "How could a modern artifact be stuck in Ordovician rock? The answer is that the concretion itself is not Ordovician. Minerals in solution can harden around an intrusive object dropped in a crack or simply left on the ground if the source rock (in this case, reportedly Ordovician) is chemically soluble."

In other words, dissolved parts of surrounding rock solidified around the modern hammer, which could be a miner's hammer from the 1800s.

Which do you think? Modern hammer... or hammer from an ancient civilization?