Humanities › Geography The Names of Nationalities Ever wonder what residents of a country are called? Share Flipboard Email Print M Timothy O'Keefe/Photographer's Choice/Getty Images Geography Country Information Basics Physical Geography Political Geography Population Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography by Matt Rosenberg Matt Rosenberg is a professional geographer and writer with over 20 years of experience. He is the author of both a geography reference book and a guide to winning National Geography Bee contests. Updated January 30, 2019 Ever wonder what to call someone from a different country? Most nationality words are formed with a portion of the name of the country, with suffixes -an, -ean, -ian, or -ese added, but which goes with which name, and which don't follow any such pattern? (See Greece and Cyprus, for instance.) This list provides the demonym (the name given to the people of a place) for each of the countries of the world. (Taiwan, not recognized as a country officially by the United Nations, is also included in this list.) Demonyms can also be used to refer to people of other types of places, such as state or city inhabitants, but that is outside the scope of this article. Ethnonym vs. Demonym Contrast demonym, the natives or inhabitants of a particular place, with ethnonym, which refers to people of a particular ethnic group. When locations with strong ethnic identity come under one nation's umbrella, using the overall demonym might not be a person's preferred term. For example, those in Northern Iraq who are of the Kurdish heritage and want independence for Kurdistan, would likely rather prefer to be called Kurds than Iraqis. The Irish and Scottish residents of the U.K. might not prefer to be called Britons but Irish and Scots. Etymology Interestingly enough, the first known usage of the term demonym in this way was only in 1990. It had previously been used, in the mid-19th century, to note a descriptive term that was used by a writer as a pen name. The first part of the word, dem- (meaning "the people") also forms words such as demographics, and -onym is all about names and words. Country Demonym Afghanistan Afghan Albania Albanian Algeria Algerian Andorra Andorran Angola Angolan Antigua and Barbuda Antiguans, Barbudans Argentina Argentine or Argentinean Armenia Armenian Australia Australian or Ozzie or Aussie Austria Austrian Azerbaijan Azerbaijani The Bahamas Bahamian Bahrain Bahraini Bangladesh Bangladeshi Barbados Barbadian or Bajuns Belarus Belarusian Belgium Belgian Belize Belizean Benin Beninese Bhutan Bhutanese Bolivia Bolivian Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian, Herzegovinian Botswana Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural) Brazil Brazilian Brunei Bruneian Bulgaria Bulgarian Burkina Faso Burkinabe Burundi Burundian Cambodia Cambodian Cameroon Cameroonian Canada Canadian Cape Verde Cape Verdian or Cape Verdean Central African Republic Central African Chad Chadian Chile Chilean China Chinese Colombia Colombian Comoros Comoran Congo, Republic of the Congolese Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congolese Costa Rica Costa Rican Cote d'Ivoire Ivorian Croatia Croat or Croatian Cuba Cuban Cyprus Cypriot Czech Republic Czech Denmark Dane or Danish Djibouti Djibouti Dominica Dominican Dominican Republic Dominican East Timor East Timorese Ecuador Ecuadorean Egypt Egyptian El Salvador Salvadoran Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean Eritrea Eritrean Estonia Estonian Ethiopia Ethiopian Fiji Fijian Finland Finn or Finnish France French or Frenchman or Frenchwoman Gabon Gabonese The Gambia Gambian Georgia Georgian Germany German Ghana Ghanaian Greece Greek Grenada Grenadian or Grenadan Guatemala Guatemalan Guinea Guinean Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissauan Guyana Guyanese Haiti Haitian Honduras Honduran Hungary Hungarian Iceland Icelander India Indian Indonesia Indonesian Iran Iranian Iraq Iraqi Ireland Irishman or Irishwoman or Irish Israel Israeli Italy Italian Jamaica Jamaican Japan Japanese Jordan Jordanian Kazakhstan Kazakhstani Kenya Kenyan Kiribati I-Kiribati Korea, North North Korean Korea, South South Korean Kosovo Kosovar Kuwait Kuwaiti Kyrgyz Republic/Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz or Kirghiz Laos Lao or Laotian Latvia Latvian Lebanon Lebanese Lesotho Mosotho (plural Basotho) Liberia Liberian Libya Libyan Liechtenstein Liechtensteiner Lithuania Lithuanian Luxembourg Luxembourger Macedonia Macedonian Madagascar Malagasy Malawi Malawian Malaysia Malaysian Maldives Maldivan Mali Malian Malta Maltese Marshall Islands Marshallese Mauritania Mauritanian Mauritius Mauritian Mexico Mexican Federated States of Micronesia Micronesian Moldova Moldovan Monaco Monegasque or Monacan Mongolia Mongolian Montenegro Montenegrin Morocco Moroccan Mozambique Mozambican Myanmar (Burma) Burmese or Myanmarese Namibia Namibian Nauru Nauruan Nepal Nepalese Netherlands Netherlander, Dutchman, Dutchwoman, Hollander or Dutch (collective) New Zealand New Zealander or Kiwi Nicaragua Nicaraguan Niger Nigerien Nigeria Nigerian Norway Norwegian Oman Omani Pakistan Pakistani Palau Palauan Panama Panamanian Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinean Paraguay Paraguayan Peru Peruvian Philippines Filipino Poland Pole or Polish Portugal Portuguese Qatar Qatari Romania Romanian Russia Russian Rwanda Rwandan Saint Kitts and Nevis Kittian and Nevisian Saint Lucia Saint Lucian Samoa Samoan San Marino Sammarinese or San Marinese Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tomean Saudi Arabia Saudi or Saudi Arabian Senegal Senegalese Serbia Serbian Seychelles Seychellois Sierra Leone Sierra Leonean Singapore Singaporean Slovakia Slovak or Slovakian Slovenia Slovene or Slovenian Solomon Islands Solomon Islander Somalia Somali South Africa South African Spain Spaniard or Spanish Sri Lanka Sri Lankan Sudan Sudanese Suriname Surinamer Swaziland Swazi Sweden Swede or Swedish Switzerland Swiss Syria Syrian Taiwan Taiwanese Tajikistan Tajik or Tadzhik Tanzania Tanzanian Thailand Thai Togo Togolese Tonga Tongan Trinidad and Tobago Trinidadian or Tobagonian Tunisia Tunisian Turkey Turk or Turkish Turkmenistan Turkmen(s) Tuvalu Tuvaluan Uganda Ugandan Ukraine Ukrainian United Arab Emirates Emirian United Kingdom Briton or British (collective), Englishman or Englishwoman, Scot or Scotsman or Scotswoman, Welshman or Welshwoman, Northern Irishman or Northern Irishwoman or Irish (collective) or Northern Irish (collective) United States American Uruguay Uruguayan Uzbekistan Uzbek or Uzbekistani Vanuatu Ni-Vanuatu Vatican City (Holy See) none Venezuela Venezuelan Vietnam Vietnamese Yemen Yemeni or Yemenite Zambia Zambian Zimbabwe Zimbabwean Continue Reading Hoosiers, Mancunians, and Other Names for Locals Understanding the Differing Meanings of 'Iranian' and 'Persian' What Is Gaelic? 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