Humanities › Geography Demonyms: The Names of Nationalities How to Refer to a Native of Any Country Share Flipboard Email Print M Timothy O'Keefe/Photographer's Choice/Getty Images Geography Country Information Basics Physical Geography Political Geography Population Key Figures & Milestones Maps Urban Geography By Matt Rosenberg Geography Expert M.A., Geography, California State University - Northridge B.A., Geography, University of California - Davis Matt Rosenberg is an award-winning geographer and the author of "The Handy Geography Answer Book" and "The Geography Bee Complete Preparation Handbook." our editorial process Matt Rosenberg Updated December 03, 2019 Have you ever wondered what to call someone from a different country? Most people have at one point or another. The truth is, many nationality labels are formed by simply combining the full or partial name of a country with the suffix -an, -ean, -ian, or -ese. These labels are called demonyms. What Is a Demonym? The term demonym refers to the name used to describe natives or residents of a particular place. Interestingly, the first known usage of this title to label the inhabitant of a given nation was only in 1990. Before then, the word was used to denote an author's pen name. For example, Samuel Clemens' demonym was Mark Twain. The Greek prefix dem-, meaning "the people", is attached to terms commonly used to talk about large populations, including demographic and democracy. The form or suffix -onym is found in many words having to do with naming. Therefore, the word essentially translates to "naming the people". Ethnonym Vs. Demonym Demonyms and ethnonyms are not to be confused with each other. Ethnonym refers to people of a particular ethnic group and demonym refers to inhabitants of a particular location—these are not one and the same. Often, which term to use for a person is a matter of preference and circumstance. Ethnicity and nationality sometimes clash. For example, when regions with several strong ethnic identities join under one nation's umbrella, ethnonyms are often preferred over demonyms as individuals might feel that they associate more with their ethnicity than their region. Residents of Northern Iraq that are of Kurdish heritage and desire Kurdistan independence, for instance, would probably rather be called Kurds than Iraqis. Likewise, people of Irish and Scottish descent living in the U.K. might ask to be called Irish persons and Scots rather than Britons. Demonyms of Every Country This list provides the demonyms for every country in the world. Taiwan, not officially recognized as a country by the United Nations, is also included in this list. There is no term for a person from Vatican City or the Holy See. Demonyms Country Demonym Afghanistan Afghan Albania Albanian Algeria Algerian Andorra Andorran Angola Angolan Antigua and Barbuda Antiguan and Barbudans Argentina Argentine or Argentinean Armenia Armenian Australia Australian or Aussie Austria Austrian Azerbaijan Azerbaijani The Bahamas Bahamian Bahrain Bahraini Bangladesh Bangladeshi Barbados Barbadian or Bajuns Belarus Belarusian Belgium Belgian Belize Belizean Benin Beninese Bhutan Bhutanese Bolivia Bolivian Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian and Herzegovinian Botswana Motswana (singular) and Batswana (plural) Brazil Brazilian Brunei Bruneian Bulgaria Bulgarian Burkina Faso Burkinabe Burundi Burundian Cambodia Cambodian Cameroon Cameroonian Canada Canadian Cape Verde Cape Verdian or Cape Verdean Central African Republic Central African Chad Chadian Chile Chilean China Chinese Colombia Colombian Comoros Comoran Congo, Republic of the Congolese Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congolese Costa Rica Costa Rican Cote d'Ivoire Ivorian Croatia Croat or Croatian Cuba Cuban Cyprus Cypriot Czech Republic Czech Denmark Dane or Danish Djibouti Djibouti Dominica Dominican Dominican Republic Dominican East Timor East Timorese Ecuador Ecuadorean Egypt Egyptian El Salvador Salvadoran Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinean or Equatoguinean Eritrea Eritrean Estonia Estonian Ethiopia Ethiopian Fiji Fijian Finland Finn or Finnish France French or Frenchmanwoman Gabon Gabonese The Gambia Gambian Georgia Georgian Germany German Ghana Ghanaian Greece Greek Grenada Grenadian or Grenadan Guatemala Guatemalan Guinea Guinean Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissauan Guyana Guyanese Haiti Haitian Honduras Honduran Hungary Hungarian Iceland Icelander India Indian Indonesia Indonesian Iran Iranian Iraq Iraqi Ireland Irish or Irishman/woman Israel Israeli Italy Italian Jamaica Jamaican Japan Japanese Jordan Jordanian Kazakhstan Kazakhstani Kenya Kenyan Kiribati I-Kiribati Korea, North North Korean Korea, South South Korean Kosovo Kosovar Kuwait Kuwaiti Kyrgyz Republic/Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz or Kirghiz Laos Lao or Laotian Latvia Latvian Lebanon Lebanese Lesotho Mosotho (singular) and Basotho (plural) Liberia Liberian Libya Libyan Liechtenstein Liechtensteiner Lithuania Lithuanian Luxembourg Luxembourger Macedonia Macedonian Madagascar Malagasy Malawi Malawian Malaysia Malaysian Maldives Maldivan Mali Malian Malta Maltese Marshall Islands Marshallese Mauritania Mauritanian Mauritius Mauritian Mexico Mexican Federated States of Micronesia Micronesian Moldova Moldovan Monaco Monegasque or Monacan Mongolia Mongolian Montenegro Montenegrin Morocco Moroccan Mozambique Mozambican Myanmar (Burma) Burmese or Myanmarese Namibia Namibian Nauru Nauruan Nepal Nepalese Netherlands Netherlander, Dutchman/woman, Hollander, or Dutch (collective) New Zealand New Zealander or Kiwi Nicaragua Nicaraguan Niger Nigerien Nigeria Nigerian Norway Norwegian Oman Omani Pakistan Pakistani Palau Palauan Panama Panamanian Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinean Paraguay Paraguayan Peru Peruvian Philippines Filipino Poland Pole or Polish Portugal Portuguese Qatar Qatari Romania Romanian Russia Russian Rwanda Rwandan Saint Kitts and Nevis Kittian and Nevisian Saint Lucia Saint Lucian Samoa Samoan San Marino Sammarinese or San Marinese Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tomean Saudi Arabia Saudi or Saudi Arabian Senegal Senegalese Serbia Serbian Seychelles Seychellois Sierra Leone Sierra Leonean Singapore Singaporean Slovakia Slovak or Slovakian Slovenia Slovene or Slovenian Solomon Islands Solomon Islander Somalia Somali South Africa South African Spain Spaniard or Spanish Sri Lanka Sri Lankan Sudan Sudanese Suriname Surinamer Swaziland Swazi Sweden Swede or Swedish Switzerland Swiss Syria Syrian Taiwan Taiwanese Tajikistan Tajik or Tadzhik Tanzania Tanzanian Thailand Thai Togo Togolese Tonga Tongan Trinidad and Tobago Trinidadian and Tobagonian Tunisia Tunisian Turkey Turk or Turkish Turkmenistan Turkmen(s) Tuvalu Tuvaluan Uganda Ugandan Ukraine Ukrainian United Arab Emirates Emirian United Kingdom Briton or British (collective), Englishman/woman, Scot or Scotsman/woman, Irish (collective), Welshman/woman, Northern Irishman/woman or Northern Irish (collective) United States American Uruguay Uruguayan Uzbekistan Uzbek or Uzbekistani Vanuatu Ni-Vanuatu Venezuela Venezuelan Vietnam Vietnamese Yemen Yemeni or Yemenite Zambia Zambian Zimbabwe Zimbabwean Terms for people from around the world Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Rosenberg, Matt. "Demonyms: The Names of Nationalities." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/the-names-of-nationalities-4088817. Rosenberg, Matt. (2020, August 27). Demonyms: The Names of Nationalities. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/the-names-of-nationalities-4088817 Rosenberg, Matt. "Demonyms: The Names of Nationalities." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/the-names-of-nationalities-4088817 (accessed May 18, 2021). copy citation Hoosiers, Mancunians, and Other Names for Locals (Demonyms) What Racial Terms You Should Avoid Name That '-nym': A Brief Introduction to Words and Names Is an Immigrant Considered First or Second Generation? Why Did My Ancestor Change His Name? Advisor vs. Adviser: How to Choose the Right Word How the @ or At Symbol Is Used in Spanish nationality word What's in a Name? 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