The World's Northernmost Cities

Learn about the Northernmost Cities and Towns in the World

Northernmost City
A boat lies in Longyearbyen harbor in Longyearbyen, Norway. Longyearbyen is the seat of Norwegian local administration in Svalbard and is the world's northermost city. Getty Images

The Northern Hemisphere is known for having more land than the Southern Hemisphere. However, much of that land is undeveloped and the areas that are developed into large cities and towns are clustered in lower latitudes in places like the United States and central Europe. The largest city with the highest latitude is Helsinki, Finland. It is located at a latitude of 60°10'15''N and it has a metropolitan population of over one million people.

Reykjavík, Iceland is the world's northernmost capital city with a latitude just under the Arctic Circle at 64°08'N. Reykjavík is also large with a 2008 population of 120,165.

Large cities like Helsinki and Reykjavík are rare in the far north. There are however, some small towns and cities that are located very far north in the harsh climates of the Arctic Circle above 66.5°N latitude. The following is a list of the world's ten northernmost settlements with a permanent population of over 500. The list is arranged in order of latitude and population numbers have been included for reference.

1) Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway
• Latitude: 78°13'N
• Population: 2,075 (2007 estimate)

2) Qaanaaq, Greenland
• Latitude: 77°29'N
• Population: 626 (2010 estimate)

3) Upernavik, Greenland
• Latitude: 72°47'N
• Population: 1,129 (2010 estimate)

4) Khatanga, Russia
• Latitude: 71°58'N
• Population: 3,450 (2002 estimate)

5) Tiksi, Russia
• Latitude: 71°39'N
• Population: 5,873 (2002 estimate)

6) Belushya Guba, Russia
• Latitude: 71°33'N
• Population: 2,716 (2002 estimate)

7) Barrow, Alaska, United States
• Latitude: 71°18'N
• Population: 4,581 (2008 estimate)

8) Honningsvåg, Norway
Note: The status of Honningsvåg as a city is in question because in as of 1997 a Norwegian city must have 5,000 residents to be a city.

Honningsvåg was declared a city in 1996.
• Latitude: 70°58'N
• Population: 2,367 (2009 estimate)

9) Uummannaq, Greenland
• Latitude: 70°58'N
• Population: 1,299 (2010 estimate)

10) Hammerfest, Norway
• Latitude: 70°39'N
• Population: 9,261 (2005 estimate)

References (7 October 2010). Northernmost Cities and Towns - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.

Retrieved from: (2 September 2010). Honningsvåg - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from:

mla apa chicago
Your Citation
Briney, Amanda. "The World's Northernmost Cities." ThoughtCo, Mar. 3, 2017, Briney, Amanda. (2017, March 3). The World's Northernmost Cities. Retrieved from Briney, Amanda. "The World's Northernmost Cities." ThoughtCo. (accessed January 22, 2018).