<p>Witnesses only believe in a single, solitary God and his name is Jehovah. Jesus, as Jehovah&#39;s son, is a separate individual second only to his father. The holy spirit (uncapitalized) is simply Jehovah God&#39;s active force. Whenever God causes something to happen, he uses his <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/who-is-the-holy-spirit-701504" data-inlink="R8hU4NeNC86kwqUXfFxl2A&#61;&#61;" data-type="internalLink" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-ordinal="1">holy spirit</a> to do it. The holy spirit is not an individual unto itself.</p>Witnesses believe that Michael the Archangel is the only thing which Jehovah created personally. Michael created everything else under Jehovah&#39;s direction. They also believe that Jesus was in fact Michael made flesh. Michael, now called Jesus, is second only to Jehovah in power and authority.<p>Witnesses believe that <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/what-does-the-bible-say-about-hell-701959" data-type="internalLink" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-ordinal="1">Hell</a>, as mentioned in the Bible, merely describes the grave after death. In some cases, it may also refer to everlasting destruction. Note that they reject the Christian belief in a human soul. Living things (including humans) do not have a soul, but instead they are souls in and of themselves.</p><p>Witnesses believe that only a select few - referred to as the <a href="https://www.thoughtco.com/who-is-the-anointed-one-in-the-bible-363390" data-type="internalLink" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-ordinal="1">anointed</a>, or the &#34;faithful and discrete slave class&#34; - go to Heaven. They will serve as judges at Jesus&#39;s side. There are only 144,000 of the slave class in total. (Note that the total number of anointed recorded exceeds this number) Sometimes, a member of the anointed may have their position revoked by Jesus for some sin or other impropriety he disapproves of. When this happens, a new anointed is called. Witnesses are reminded to be the faithful and discrete slave in accordance with Jehovah&#39;s wishes because they are his representatives on Earth. The Society&#39;s views on the anointed tend to change every so often as the 1914 generation of anointed Witnesses gets older.</p>Non-anointed Witnesses expect to live forever right here on Earth. They have no &#34;heavenly hope.&#34; It is believed that only faithful Witnesses will survive Armageddon and live to see Christ&#39;s Millennial Reign. Nearly everyone who ever lived will be resurrected and made young again, but this excludes those killed during Armageddon. The surviving Witnesses will train the resurrected to believe the Watchtower Society&#39;s teachings and to worship as they do. They will also work toward making the Earth a paradise. Any resurrected person that refuses to go along with this new arrangement will be killed permanently by Jesus, never to be resurrected again.Anyone who is not one of Jehovah&#39;s Witnesses is a &#34;worldly person&#34; and therefore part of Satan&#39;s system of things. This makes the rest of us bad associates. All governments and non-Watchtower religious organizations are also seen as part of Satan&#39;s system. Witnesses are forbidden to involve themselves in politics or interfaith efforts for this reason.<p>One of the Society&#39;s more controversial practices is disfellowshipping, which is a form of <a data-type="internalLink" href="https://www.thoughtco.com/catholic-excommunication-250189" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-ordinal="1">excommunication</a> and shunning all in one. Members can be disfellowshipped for committing a serious sin or for a lack of faith in the Society&#39;s teachings and authority. A Witness who wishes to leave the Society may write a letter of disassociation. Since the penalties are basically the same, this is really just a request to be disfellowshipped.</p><p>More:</p><ul><li><a data-type="internalLink" href="https://www.thoughtco.com/from-jehovahs-witness-to-atheist-250249" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-ordinal="2">How &amp; Why Witnesses Fade from Congregations</a></li><li><a data-type="internalLink" href="https://www.thoughtco.com/from-jehovahs-witness-to-atheist-250249" data-component="link" data-source="inlineLink" data-ordinal="3">Life Fading or Disfellowshipping</a></li></ul>Watchtower literature was very outspoken and critical about the Nazi government in Germany. As a result, it was common for German Witnesses to be thrown into concentration camps just like the Jews. There is a video, called &#34;Purple Triangles,&#34; which documents this.Many Christian denominations allow membership to anyone who wants it without restriction, but the Watchtower Society requires some training (usually a year or more) and door-to-door preaching before allowing anyone to join by getting baptized. The Society claims a membership of over six million, but when counted by the standards of most other denominations, their membership is probably much higher.The Watchtower Society is known for changing its beliefs and policies from time to time. Witnesses believe that only the Society has &#34;The Truth,&#34; but that their knowledge of it is imperfect. Jesus guides them toward ultimate knowledge of Jehovah&#39;s teachings over time. The accuracy of their teachings will increase as Armageddon draws closer. Witnesses are still instructed to honor the Society&#39;s present day teachings. Unlike the Catholic Pope, the Governing Body does not claim to be infallible. But they have been appointed by Jesus to run God&#39;s earthly organization, so Witnesses should obey the Governing Body as if they were infallible even though they make mistakes.