Languages › Italian Form Third Conjugation Verbs in Italian Using -Ire Share Flipboard Email Print kirkandmimi/Pixabay Italian Grammar History & Culture Vocabulary By Michael San Filippo Italian Expert M.A., Italian Studies, Middlebury College B.A., Biology, Northeastern University Michael San Filippo co-wrote The Complete Idiot's Guide to Italian History and Culture. He is a tutor of Italian language and culture. our editorial process Michael San Filippo Updated November 04, 2019 While there are certainly a lot of regular verbs that conjugate according to the patterns you learn in textbooks, there are also a number of verbs that don’t cooperate with those rules. Third conjugation verbs fall squarely in that category and have a unique feature about their endings that you’ll need to know if you’re going to conjugate verbs like a native speaker. To start, the infinitives of all regular verbs in Italian end in –are, –ere, or–ire and are referred to as first, second, or third conjugation verbs, respectively. In English, the infinitive (l'infinito) consists of to + verb. amare: to love temere: to fear sentire: to hear Start with third conjugation verbs, which are verbs with infinitives ending in -ire. They’re also more simply called -ire verbs. -Ire Verbs in Italian The present tense of a regular -ire verb is formed by dropping the infinitive ending (-ire) and adding the appropriate endings to the resulting stem. There is a different ending for each person, “I,” “you,” or “we,” for example. Capire: To understand (present tense) io capisco noi capiamo tu capisci voi capite lui, lei, Lei capisce essi, Loro capiscono Characteristics of Third Conjugation Verbs When it comes to the indicative and subjunctive present moods, many -ire verbs add the suffix -isc to the first, second, and third person singular and third person plural. The -isc suffix is also added to the second and third person singular and third person plural of the present imperative mood. Finire: To finish io finisco: I finish tu finisci: you finish egli finisce: he finishes essi finiscono: they finish Present Subjunctive Mood che io finisca: that I finish che tu finisca: that you finish che egli finisca: that he finishes che essi finiscano: that they finish finisci: you finish finisca: he/she/it finishes finiscono: they finish Preferire: To prefer io preferisco: I prefer tu preferisci: you prefer egli preferisce: he prefers essi preferiscono: they prefer che io preferisca: that I prefer che tu preferisca: that you prefer che egli preferisca: that he prefers che essi preferiscano: that they prefer Verbs That Use Both Forms Languire: to languish, to fade io languo io languisco Mentire: to lie io mento io mentisco Other verbs also have both forms but take on diverse significance: Ripartire io riparto: to leave again io ripartisco: to divide Present Participles Ending in -Ente or -Lente Generally, the present participle (il participio presente) of third conjugation verbs end in -ente. Several have the form -iente, and a few can have both endings: morire/morente: to die esordire/esordiente: to begin, to start off, to commence dormire/dormente/dormiente: to sleep Some participles change the letter that precedes the participle -iente to the letter z: sentire/senziente: to feel, to hear Other popular verbs that are third conjugation and take the -isc suffix are: agire: to act, to behave approfondire: to increase, to enhance capire: to understand chiarire: to clarify costruire: to construct definire: to define fallire: to fail fornire: to provide garantire: to guarantee guarire: to heal pulire: to clean Cite this Article Format mla apa chicago Your Citation Filippo, Michael San. "Form Third Conjugation Verbs in Italian Using -Ire." ThoughtCo, Aug. 28, 2020, thoughtco.com/third-conjugation-italian-verbs-2011718. Filippo, Michael San. (2020, August 28). Form Third Conjugation Verbs in Italian Using -Ire. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/third-conjugation-italian-verbs-2011718 Filippo, Michael San. "Form Third Conjugation Verbs in Italian Using -Ire." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/third-conjugation-italian-verbs-2011718 (accessed July 27, 2021). copy citation Third Conjugation Italian Verbs Ending in -isco Second Conjugation Italian Verbs Conjugate the Italian Verb 'Preferire' Italian Verb Overview for Beginners Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Spedire' How to Form First-Conjugation (-are) Verbs in Italian Italian Present Subjunctive Tense Italian Regular Verb Endings Conjugation Table for the Italian Verb 'Cercare' Conjugation Table for the Italian Verb "Pulire" (to Clean or Polish) How to Conjugate Italian Verbs Like a Native Conjugation Table for the Italian Verb 'Dormire' Conjugation Table for the Italian Verb "Capire" Italian Language Lessons: Italian Present Tense Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Vendere' Italian Verb Conjugations: 'Credere'