Thomas Jefferson Fast Facts

Third President of the United States

Image of Thomas Jefferson by Charles Wilson Peale, 1791.
Thomas Jefferson, 1791. Credit: Library of Congress

Here is a quick list of fast facts for Thomas Jefferson. You can also read the:

Birth:

April 13, 1743

Death:

July 4, 1826

Term of Office:

March 4, 1801-March 3, 1809

Number of Terms Elected:

2 Terms

First Lady:

He was a widower while in office. His wife, Martha Wayles Skelton, died in 1782.

Thomas Jefferson Quote:

"The government is best that governs least."
More Thomas Jefferson Quotes

Revolution of 1800

Thomas Jefferson actually named the election of 1800 as the "Revolution of 1800" because this was the first election in the new United States where the presidency passed from one party to another. It marked a peaceful transition of power that has continued to this day. However, when the electoral votes were counted, while Thomas Jefferson did defeat John Adams in the end, the election itself caused an uproar. This was because the ballot did not distinguish between the presidential and vice-presidential candidates and Jefferson received the same number of electoral votes as his running mate Aaron Burr. The vote was thrown into the House of Representatives where it took 36 votes before Jefferson was named the president. After this, Congress passed the twelfth amendment which made it so that electors voted specifically for president and vice-president. 

Major Events While in Office:

  • Tripolitan War (1801-1805)
  • US Military Academy established (1802)
  • Louisiana Purchase (1803)
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806)
  • Abolition of Slave Trade (1807)
  • Chesapeake Affair (1807)
  • Embargo (1807-1809)

States Entering Union While in Office:

Related Thomas Jefferson Resources:

These additional resources on Thomas Jefferson can provide you with further information about the president and his times.

Thomas Jefferson Biography
Take a more in depth look at the third president of the United States through this biography. You'll learn about his childhood, family, early and military career, and events of his administration.

Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence was initially a list of grievances against King George III. Learn all about this famous document authored by Thomas Jefferson.

Thomas Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase
Take a look at Jefferson's motivations and the impact this land deal had on the United States.

American Revolution
The debate over the Revolutionary War as a true 'revolution' will not be resolved. However, without this struggle America might still be part of the British Empire. Find out about the people, places and events that shaped the revolution.

Chart of Presidents and Vice Presidents
This informative chart gives quick reference information on the Presidents, Vice-Presidents, their terms of office and their political parties.

More on the Presidents of the United States
This informative chart gives quick reference information on the Presidents, Vice-Presidents, their terms of office and their political parties.

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