The 3 Different Learning Styles

Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Learning Styles

Three different learning styles
Getty Images | Tara Moore

One way to be truly successful in the classroom is to wrap your head around the three different learning styles according to Fleming's VAK (visual, auditory, kinesthetic) model. If you know how you learn best, you can use specific learning methods to retain what you learn in class. Different learning styles require varied methods to keep you motivated and successful in the classroom. Here is a bit more about each of the three learning styles.

 

Visual

 

Fleming states that visual learners have a preference for seeing material in order to learn it.

  1. Strengths of the visual learner: 
    • Instinctively follows directions
    • Can easily visualize objects
    • Has a great sense of balance and alignment
    • Is an excellent organizer
  2. Best ways to learn: 
    • Studying notes on overhead slides, whiteboards, Smartboards, PowerPoint presentations, etc.
    • Reading diagrams and handouts
    • Following a distributed study guide
    • Reading from a textbook
    • Studying alone

Auditory

With this different learning style, students have to hear information to truly absorb it.

  1. Strengths of the auditory learner:
    • Understanding subtle changes in tone in a person's voice
    • Writing responses to lectures
    • Oral exams
    • Story-telling
    • Solving difficult problems
    • Working in groups
  2. Best ways to learn:
    • Participating vocally in class
    • Making recordings of class notes and listening to them
    • Reading assignments out loud
    • Studying with a partner or group

    Kinesthetic

    Kinesthetic learners tend to want to move while learning.

    1. Strengths of the kinesthetic learner:
      • Great hand-eye coordination
      • Quick reception
      • Excellent experimenters
      • Good at sports, art and drama,
      • High levels of energy
    2. Best ways to learn:
      • Conducting experiments 
      • Acting out a play
      • Studying while standing or moving
      • Doodling during lectures
      • Studying while performing an athletic activity like bouncing a ball or shooting hoops

       

      Generally, students tend to favor one learning style more than another, but most people are a mix of two or maybe even three different styles. So, teachers, make sure you're creating a classroom that can engage any type of learner and students, use your strengths so you can be the most successful student you can be.