Humanities › History & Culture Timeline of the Algerian War of Independence From French Colonization to the End of the 'Battle of Algiers' Share Flipboard Email Print Martyrs Memorial commemorating the Algerian War for Independence. De Agostini/C. Sappa De Agostini Picture Library/Getty Images History & Culture African History Key Events American History African American History Ancient History and Culture Asian History European History Genealogy Inventions Latin American History Medieval & Renaissance History Military History The 20th Century Women's History View More by Alistair Boddy-Evans Alistair Boddy-Evans is a teacher and African history scholar with more than 25 years of experience. Updated March 06, 2018 Here is a timeline of the Algerian War of Independence. It dates from the time of French colonization to the end of the Battle of Algiers. The War's Origins in French Colonization of Algeria 1830 Algiers is occupied by France. 1839 Abd el-Kader declares war on the French after their meddling in the administration of his territory. 1847 Abd el-Kader surrenders. France finally subjugates Algeria. 1848 Algeria is recognized as an integral part of France. The colony is opened to European settlers. 1871 Colonization of Algeria increases in response to the loss of the Alsace-Lorraine region to the German Empire. 1936 Blum-Viollette reform is blocked by French Settlers. March 1937 The Parti du Peuple Algerien (PPA, Algerian People's Party) is formed by the veteran Algerian nationalist Messali Hadj. 1938 Ferhat Abbas forms the Union Populaire Algérienne (UPA, Algerian Popular Union). 1940 World War II—Fall of France. 8 November 1942 Allied landings in Algeria and Morocco. May 1945 World War II —Victory in Europe.Independence demonstrations in Sétif turn violent. French authorities respond with severe reprisals leading to thousands of Muslim deaths. October 1946 The Mouvement pour le Triomphe des Libertés Démocratiques (MTLD, Movement for the Triumph of Democratic Liberties) replaces the PPA, with Messali Hadj as president. 1947 The Organization Spéciale (OS, Special Organization) is formed as a paramilitary arm of the MTLD. 20 September 1947 A new constitution for Algeria is established. All Algerian citizens are offered French citizenship (of equal status to those of France). However, when an Algerian National Assembly is convened it is skewed to settlers compared to indigenous Algerians -- two politically equal 60-member colleges are created, one representing the 1.5 million European settlers, the other for 9 million Algerian Muslims. 1949 Attack on the central post office of Oran by the Organization Spéciale (OS, Special Organization). 1952 Several leaders of the Organization Spéciale (OS, Special Organization) are arrested by French Authorities. Ahmed Ben Bella, however, manages to escape to Cairo. 1954 The Comité Révolutionaire d'Unité et d'Action (CRUA, Revolutionary Committee for Unity and Action) is set up by several former members of the Organization Spéciale (OS, Special Organization). They intend to lead the revolt against French rule. A conference in Switzerland by CRUA officials sets out the future administration of Algeria after the defeat of the French -- six administrative districts (Wilaya) under the command of a military chief are established. June 1954 New French government under the Parti Radical (Radical Party) and with Pierre Mendès-France as chairman of the Council of Ministers, an acknowledged opponent of French colonialism, withdraws troops from Vietnam following the fall of Dien Bien Phu. This is seen by Algerians as a positive step towards recognition of independence movements in French-occupied territories. Continue Reading A Timeline of African Countries' Independence Explore the Major Wars of History Frantz Fanon Told the World About the Effects of Colonialism Overview of Mali History and Independence A Short Timeline of the Fall of the Roman Empire The Wars of Mexico Throughout History A Brief History of the Country of Morocco Decade by Decade Timeline of the 1800s What Was French Indochina? A Military History Timeline of the 1900s Timeline of Major Events in the Life of Cleopatra Allied Invasion of North Africa in November 1942 First Indochina War: Battle of Dien Bien Phu Who Was Pierre Bourdieu, and Why Does He Matter to Sociologists? Learn About the Major Events That Led to the American Revolution What Were the Major Events of the Mexican-American War?