Timeline from 1830 to 1840

Major Events of the 1830s

Illustration of abolitionist pamphlets being burned in South Carolina.
A mob broke into a post office and burned abolitionist pamphlets in Charleston, South Carolina. Fotosearch/Getty Images

Decade By Decade: Timelines of the 1800s



    • January 1, 1831: William Lloyd Garrison began publishing The Liberator, an abolitionist newspaper, in Boston, Massachusetts.

    • July 4, 1831: Former president James Monroe died in New York City at the age of 73. He was buried in a cemetery in the East Village, though his body was exhumed and taken back to his native Virginia in 1858.

    • August 21, 1831: A slave rebellion led by Nat Turner broke out in Virginia.

    • Summer 1831: Cyrus McCormick, a Virginia blacksmith, demonstrated a mechanical reaper which would revolutionize farming in America and eventually worldwide.

    • September 21, 1831: The first American political convention was held in Baltimore, Maryland by the Anti-Masonic Party.

    • November 11, 1831: Nat Turner was hanged in Virginia.

    • December 27, 1831: Charles Darwin sailed from England aboard the research ship H.M.S. Beagle.


    • January 13, 1832: American author Horatio Alger was born in Chelsea, Massachusetts.

    • April 1831: The Black Hawk war began on the American frontier. The conflict would mark the only military service of Abraham Lincoln.

    • June 24, 1832: A cholera epidemic which had ravaged Europe appeared in New York City, causing enormous panic and prompting half the city's population to free to the countryside.

    • November 14, 1832: Charles Carroll, the last living signer of the Declaration of Independence, died in Baltimore, Maryland at the age of 95.

    • November 29, 1832: American author Louisa May Alcott was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania.

    • December 3, 1832: Andrew Jackson was elected to his second term as president of the United States.

    • Painter George Catlin began living among the Sioux Indians in the Dakota Territory.


    • March 4, 1833: Andrew Jackson took the oath of office as president for the second time.

    • Summer 1833: Charles Darwin, during his voyage aboard H.M.S. Beagle, spends time with gauchos in Argentina and explores inland.

    • August 20, 1833: Benjamin Harrison, future president of the United States, was born in North Bend, Ohio.

    • October 21, 1833: Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and sponsor of the Nobel Prize, was born in Stockholm, Sweden.

    • The Nullification Crisis was settled when American political leaders reached a compromise on a new tariff.


    • August 1, 1834: Slavery was abolished in the British Empire.

    • September 2, 1834: Thomas Telford, British engineer, designer of the Menai Suspension Bridge and other noteworthy structures, died in London at the age of 77.


    • January 30, 1835: In the first assassination attempt on an American president, a deranged man shot at Andrew Jackson in the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol.

    • May 1835: A railroad in Belgium was the first railroad on the continent of Europe.

    • July 6, 1835: United States Chief Justice John Marshall died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at the age of 79.

    • Summer 1835: A campaign to mail abolitionist pamphlets to the South led to mobs breaking into post offices and burning the anti-slavery literature in bonfires.

    • September 7, 1835: Charles Darwin arrived at the Galapagos Islands during his voyage aboard H.M.S. Beagle.

    • November 25, 1835: Industrialist Andrew Carnegie was born in Scotland.

    • November 30, 1835: Samuel Clemens, who would achieve enormous fame under his pen name, Mark Twain, was born in Missouri.

    • December 1835: Hans Christian Andersen published his first book of fairy tales.

    • December 15-17, 1835: The Great Fire of New York destroyed a large part of lower Manhattan.


    • January 1836: The siege of the Alamo began at San Antonio, Texas.

    • February 1836: Samuel Colt patented the revolver.

    • February 24, 1836: American artist Winslow Homer was born in Boston, Massachusetts.

    • March 6, 1836: Battle of the Alamo ended with the deaths of Davy Crockett, William Barrett Travis, and James Bowie.

    • April 21, : Battle of San Jacinto, the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution, was fought. Troops led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexican Army.

    • June 28, 1836: Former U.S. president James Madison died in Montpelier, Virginia at the age of 85.

    • September 14, 1836: Former U.S. vice president Aaron Burr, who killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel, died in Staten Island, New York, at the age of 80.

    • October 2, 1836: Charles Darwin arrived in England after sailing around the world aboard H.M.S. Beagle.

    • December 7, 1836: Martin Van Buren was elected President of the United States.


    • March 4, 1837: Martin Van Buren took the oath of office as president of the United States.

    • March 18, 1837: Grover Cleveland, U.S. President, was born in Caldwell, New Jersey.

    • April 17, 1837: John Pierpont Morgan, American banker, was born in Hartford, Connecticut.

    • May 10, 1837: The Panic of 1837, a major financial crisis of the 19th century, began in New York City.

    • June 20, 1837: King William IV of Great Britain died at Windsor Castle at the age of 71.

    • June 20, 1837: Victoria became Queen of Great Britain at the age of 18.

    • November 7, 1837: Abolitionist Elijah Lovejoy was murdered by a pro-slavery mob in Alton, Illinois.



    • June 1839: Louis Daguerre patented his camera in France.

    • July 1839: A slave rebellion broke out aboard the ship Amistad.

    • July 8, 1839: John D. Rockefeller, American oil magnate and philanthropist, was born in Richford, New York.

    • December 5, 1839: George Armstrong Custer, American cavalry officer, was born in New Rumley, Ohio.

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