Timeline of the Life of Cochise

Native American Leader

Possible image of Cochise
This is believed by some to be an image of Cochise. Public Domain

Cochise was Native American who lived and fought in the 'Wild West' of the 1800s. He became a leader of the Apache and fought with America until being moved to a reservation in 1872. This timeline presents information about his life and times.

  • 1812? - Born in present-day Arizona.
  • May, 1832 - Cochise is recorded in a fight with Mexicans on the Gila River.
  • 1836 - Cochise participates in a peace treaty at Arizpe, Sonora in Mexico.
  • 1847? - Sonora is attacked by the central band of Chiricahuas. Cochise is believed to have been in this band.
  • 1859 - Cochise is found by an Indian agent to be friendly to Americans, possibly hoping his tribe will help in the fight against Mexico.
  • October, 1860 - A raid occurs at John Ward's ranch near Fort Buchanan. His cattle and stepson Felix Ward (also known as Mickey Free) are captured.
  • January 28, 1861 - 2nd Lt. George Nicholas Bascom is ordered to visit Cochise's camp at Apache Pass to recover the stock and the boy. Cochise claims he had been taken by another group of Apache. Cochise is taken prisoner but is able to cut his way out of a tent and escape. The Americans are still held prisoner. In addition, the Apache capture and killed approximately six Americans. Bascom orders the hanging of six Apache prisoners. Within 60 days, approximately 150 whites are killed and five stage stations are destroyed.
  • July 15, 1862 - Battle of Apache Pass occurrs. Apache retreats upon howitzer fire.
  • 1863 - Cochise becomes War Chief
  • 1867 - Thomas Jeffords meets with and becomes friends with Cochise. Hostilities halt.
  • September, 1870 - Cochise meets with Army officers in Fort Apache.
  • 1871 - Cochise surrenders to General George Crook but escapes rather than allow his people to be moved to a New Mexico reservation.
  • 1872 - General Otis Howard makes peace with Cochise, and the Apache are moved to a reservation covering most of Southeast Arizona.
  • June 8, 1874 - Cochise dies at the reservation in Arizona.
  • 1876 - Chiricahua's reservation is terminated, and the people are forced to move or flee.

Bibliography

  • Dillard, Gary. "The Bascom Affair, or Cut Through the Tent." The Great Southwest. http://www.westernhistory.com/cochise.html, May 25, 2002.
  • Machula, Paul R. "Apache Warriors." East Central Arizona History. http://www.geocities.com/~zybt/warriors.htm, May 25, 2002.
  • Sweeney, Edwin R. "Cochise, Chiricahua Apache Chief." Norman: Univ. of Oklahoma, 1991.