Basic Multiplication: Times Table Factors One Through 12

Helpful Teaching Strategy and Worksheets

Teaching young students basic multiplication is mostly a game of patience and memory building, which is why times tables are highly useful in aiding students in recalling the products of multiplying numbers one through 12. Times tables develop first- and second-grade students' ability to quickly process simple multiplication, a skill which will be fundamental to their continued studies in mathematics, especially when they begin two- and three-digit multiplication.

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Using the Times Table to Teach Multiplication

The times table with the products of numbers squared highlighted.

In order to ensure students properly learn and memorize times tables (like the one pictured here), it's important for teachers to instruct them one column at a time, learning all the factors of two before moving on to three, and so forth.

Once this is accomplished, students will be prepared to be tested (see below) in random quizzes on the multiplication of a variety of different combinations of numbers one through 12.

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Proper Order for Teaching Times Tables

Multiplying factors up to 12
A sample test for multiplying factors up to 12. D. Russell

In order for students to properly prepare for one-minute multiplication quizzes for factors up to 12, teachers should ensure the learner is able to skip count by 2, 5, and 10, as well as single count past 100 by starting with the two times tables and making sure the learner has fluency before moving on.

Scholars on the subject of teaching early mathematics typically value the following order when presenting students with the times tables for the first time: Twos, 10s, Fives, Squares (2 x 2, 3 x 3, 4 x 4, etc.), Fours, Sixes, and Sevens, and finally Eights and Nines.

Teachers can use these multiplication worksheets that have been developed specifically for this highly recommended strategy and are designed to walk students through the process sequentially by testing their memory of each times table as they learn them individually.

By guiding students through the process of learning each times table one by one, teachers are ensuring that students fully comprehend the fundamental concepts prior to moving on to more difficult math.

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Memory Challenges: One-Minute Timetables Tests

Multiplication Facts to 12
Test 2. D.Russell

The following tests, unlike the worksheets mentioned above, challenge students on their complete memory of the full times tables for all values one through 12, in no particular order. Tests such as these ensure students have properly retained all low-number products so they are prepared to move on to more challenging two- and three-digit multiplication

Print these PDF quizzes that challenge student's understanding of multiplication facts in the form of a One-minute testQuiz 1Quiz 2, and Quiz 3. By allowing students only one minute to complete the tests, teachers can accurately assess exactly how well each student's memory of the times tables has progressed.

If a student is barely able to answer a row of questions, consider guiding that student through an individual focus on times tables in the order presented above. Testing the student's memory on each table individually can help teachers better understand where the student most needs help.