8 Tips to Prepare for Your Comprehensive Examination

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Virtually all master’s and doctoral programs require graduate students to take comprehensive exams. Such exams are exactly that: Comprehensive, intended to cover the entire field of study. It’s a big deal and your performance on your master's or doctoral comprehensive exam can make or break your graduate school career. Learning all there is to know about your field is daunting, but don't let it overwhelm you. Be systematic in your preparations and follow these tips to get your studying underway and prepare for your comprehensive exams.

Locate Old Exams

Students often do not take individualized exams. This is especially true for master’s comps. Comprehensive exams are often administered to groups of students. In these cases, departments usually have a stack of old exams. Take advantage of these exams. Sure you likely will not see the same questions, but the exams can provide info about the kinds of questions to expect and the base of literature to know.

Sometimes, however, comprehensive exams are tailored to each student. This is particularly true for doctoral comps. In this case, the student and advisor or sometimes a comprehensive examination committee work together to identify the range of topics covered in the exam.

Consult With Experienced Students

More experienced graduate students have a lot to offer. Look to students who have successfully completed their comps. Ask questions like: How are comps structured? How did they prepare? What they would do differently, and how confident did they feel on exam day? Of course, also ask about the content of the test.

Consult With Professors

Usually, one or more faculty members will sit down with students and talk about the test and what to expect. Sometimes this is in a group setting. Otherwise, ask your mentor or a trusted faculty member. Be prepared with specific questions, such as how important is understanding and citing classic research as compared with current work? How is the exam organized? Ask for suggestions on how to prepare.

Gather Your Study Materials

Gather classic literature. Conduct literature searches to gather the newest most important pieces of research. Be careful because it's easy to become consumed and overwhelmed with this part. You won’t be able to download and read everything. Make choices.

Think About What You’re Reading

It’s easy to get swept away with the task of reading, taking notes, and memorizing oodles of articles. Don't forget that you will be asked to reason about these readings, construct arguments, and discuss the material at a professional level. Stop and think about what you're reading. Identify themes in the literature, how particular lines of thinking evolved and shifted, and historical trends. Keep the big picture in mind and think about every article or chapter - what is its place in the field at large?

Consider Your Situation

What are the challenges you face in preparing to take the comps? Locating and reading study materials, managing your time, keeping productive, and learning how to discuss the interrelations of theory and research are all part of studying for comps. Do you have a family? Roommate? Do you have the space to spread out? A quiet place to work? Think about all the challenges you face and then devise solutions. What specific action will you take to combat each challenge?

Manage Your Study Time

Recognize that your time is limited. Many students, especially at the doctoral level, carve out time that they devote exclusively to studying - no working, no teaching, no coursework. Some take a month, others a summer or longer. You need to decide what to study and how much time to devote to each topic. It's likely that you have a better grasp of some topics than others, so distribute your study time accordingly. Devise a schedule and make a concerted effort to determine how you will fit in all of your studying. Each week set goals. Each day should have a to-do list. Follow it. You will find that some topics take less time and others more time. Adjust your schedule and plans accordingly.

Seek Support

Remember that you're not alone in preparing for comps. Work with other students. Share resources and advice. Simply hang out and talk about how you’re approaching the task and help each other manage the stress. Consider creating a study group, set group goals, and then report your progress to your group. Even if no other students are preparing to take comps, spend time with other students. Reading and studying in isolation can lead to loneliness, which certainly isn't good for your morale and motivation.

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Kuther, Tara, Ph.D. "8 Tips to Prepare for Your Comprehensive Examination." ThoughtCo, Aug. 27, 2020, thoughtco.com/tips-to-prepare-for-your-comprehensive-examination-1686475. Kuther, Tara, Ph.D. (2020, August 27). 8 Tips to Prepare for Your Comprehensive Examination. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/tips-to-prepare-for-your-comprehensive-examination-1686475 Kuther, Tara, Ph.D. "8 Tips to Prepare for Your Comprehensive Examination." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/tips-to-prepare-for-your-comprehensive-examination-1686475 (accessed March 21, 2023).