Top 100 Most-Used German Words

Learning these words will be helpful for beginning German speakers

 Have you ever wondered what the top 500, 1,000 or 10,000 German words were? If you need to learn German vocabulary, which words should you learn first? Which ones are most frequently used?

The Projekt Deutscher Wortschatz at the Universität Leipzig scanned texts and included variations of the same word, including capitalization versus lower case and other possible forms of any particular word. The definite article ("the") appears in all of its German variations: der/Der, die/Die, den, etc.

The verb "to be" appears in all of its conjugated forms: ist, sind, war, sei, etc. Even the new and old spellings of dass/daß are considered two different words.

The Leipzig researchers noted that if one were to select different text sources for analysis, one would get different results. An analysis of the vocabulary found in a novel versus that in a comic book or a newspaper would not be similar. Obviously, an analysis of spoken German would also yield different results. 

Here are charts showing the top 100 most-used German words, and one showing the top 30 most-spoken German words. Students of German 101 should get familiar with these words and their forms.

Top 100 German Words Edited and ranked by frequency of use
 
RankGermanEnglish
1der (den, dem, des)the m.
2die (der, den)the f. 
3undand
4in (im)in, into (in the)
5von (vom)of, from
6zu (zum, zur)to; at; too
7das (dem, des)the n. 
8mitwith 
9sichhimself, itself, yourself
10aufon
11fürfor
12ist (sein, sind, war, sei, etc.)is
13nichtnot
14ein (eine, einen, einer, einem, eines)a, an
15alsas, than, when
16auchalso, too
17esit
18an (am/ans)to, at, by
19werden (wurde, wird)become, get
20ausfrom, out of
21erhe, it
22hat (haben, hatte, habe)has/have
23dass / daßthat
24sieshe, it; they
25nachto, after
26beiat, by
27umaround, at
28nochstill, yet
29wieas, how
30überabout, over, via
31soso, such, thus
32Sieyou (formal)
33nuronly
34oderor
35aberbut
36vor (vorm, vors)before, in front of; of
37bisby, until
38mehrmore
39durchby, through
40manone, they
41Prozent (das)percent
42kann (können, konnte, etc.)be able, can
43gegenagainst; around
44schonalready
45wennif, when
46sein (seine, seinen, etc.)his
47Mark (Euro)Mark (Euro) currency
48ihre/ihrher, their
49dannthen
50unterunder, among
51wirwe
52soll (sollen, sollte, etc.)should, ought to
53ichI (personal pronoun)
54Jahr (das, Jahren, Jahres, etc.)year
55zweitwo
56diese (dieser, dieses, etc.)this, these
57wiederagain
58UhrMost frequently used as "o'clock" in telling time.
59will (wollen, willst, etc.)wants
60zwischenbetween
61immeralways
62Millionen (eine Million)millions
63waswhat
64sagte (sagen, sagt)said (say, says)
65gibt (es gibt; geben)gives
66alleall, everyone
67seitsince
68muss (müssen)must
69dochbut, nevertheless, after all
70jetztnow
71dreithree
72neue (neu, neuer, neuen, etc.)new
73damitwith it/that; by that; because of that; so that
74bereitsalready
75dasince, because
76aboff, away; exit
77ohnewithout
78sondernbut rather
79selbstmyself, himself
80ersten (erste, erstes, etc.)first 
81nunnow; then; well?
82etwaabout, approximately; for instance
83heutetoday, nowadays
84weilbecause 
85ihmto/for him
86Menschen (der Mensch)people
87Deutschland (das)Germany
88anderen (andere, anderes, etc.)"other(s)
89rundapproximately, about
90ihnhim
91Ende (das)end
92jedochnevertheless
93Zeit (die)time
94uns us
95Stadt (die)city, town
96geht (gehen, ging, etc.)goes
97sehrvery
98hierhere
99ganzentire(ly), complete(ly), whole(ly)
100Berlin (das)Berlin

 

Top 30 Words in Spoken German

 

RankGermanEnglish
1ichI
2dasthe; that (one) neuter 
3diethe f.
4istis
5nichtnot
6jayes
7duyou
8derthe m.
9undand
10sieshe, they
11soso, thus
12wirwe
13waswhat
14nochstill, yet
15dathere, here; since, because
16maltimes; once
17mitwith
18auchalso, too
19inin, into
20esit
21zuto; at; too
22aberbut
23habe / hab'(I) have
24denthe
25einea, an fem. indefinite article
26schonalready
27manone, they
28dochbut, nevertheless, after all
29warwas
30dannthe