Toyota Sport Utility Vehicles

An Overview of the Toyota SUV Family

2016 Toyota Land Cruiser. Photo (c) Toyota

Toyota has an extensive lineup of SUVs, from compact to gigantic. Each has unique characteristics, abilities and design qualities. Toyota's lineup may be the most comprehensive SUV line in the automotive industry.

Keeping the models straight can be a challenge -- so I've put together this brief Toyota SUV Spotter's guide to help. Just think of me as the Audubon of SUVs.

RAV4

The smallest of the Toyota SUVs, RAV4 is a crossover vehicle, an SUV with the underpinnings of a car.

RAV4 was first introduced in Japan in 1994, and made its way to the US in 1996. The first generation RAV4 was available as a four-door or two-door through 1999; thereafter it became a four-door crossover exclusively (a two-door soft-top was available briefly in 1998 and 1999). The second-generation RAV4 came about in 2001, followed by the third-generation in 2006 and fourth-gen in 2013. For 2016, RAV4 is available with a 2.4 liter 176 hp/172 lb-ft inline 4-cylinder engine hooked up to a 6-speed automatic transmission and front-wheel drive or all-wheel drive, or a 194-hp hybrid gas/electric powertrain with a continuously variable automatic (CVT) and all-wheel drive. EPA estimates range from 24 city/31 highway for the front-wheel drive 4-cylinder to 22 city/29 highway for the four-wheel drive to 34 city/31 highway for the hybrid. 2016 prices start at $24,350 for LE; $26,270 for XLE;  $28,370 for XLE Hybrid; $29,265 for SE; $31,510 for Limited; and $33,610 for Limited Hybrid.

2013 Toyota RAV4 EV Test Drive and Review.

2013 Toyota RAV4 EV Photo Gallery.

2013 Toyota RAV4 Test Drive and Review

2013 Toyota RAV4 Photo Gallery

2010 Toyota RAV4 Test Drive and Review.

2010 Toyota RAV4 Photo Gallery.

2008 Toyota RAV4 Test Drive and Review.

2008 Toyota RAV4 Photo Gallery.

2007 Toyota RAV4 Test Drive and Review.

2007 Toyota RAV4 Photo Gallery.

2006 Toyota RAV4 Test Drive and Review.

2006 Toyota RAV4 Photo Gallery.

HIGHLANDER

Another car-based crossover vehicle, the Highlander is a conservatively-styled mid-sized SUV. Highlander was introduced as a 2001 model. The second-generation Highlander came out in 2008, and the current third-generation Highlander started in 2014. For 2016, Highlander is available with three engine configurations: a 2.7 liter inline 4-cylinder that produces 185 hp and 184 lb-ft of torque; a 3.5 liter V6 that's good for 270 hp and 248 lb-ft of torque; or a hybrid gas-electric that makes 280 net system hp. Either 4-wheel drive or front-wheel drive, and all automatic transmissions (6-speed for gasoline only models; CVT for hybrid). Fuel economy ranges from 18 city/24 highway for the 4WD V6 to 20 city/25 highway for the FWD 4-cylinder to 33 city/28 highway/30 combined for the FWD hybrid. Prices start at $29,990 for the LE; $33,895 for LE Plus; $36,815 for XLE; $40,415 for Limited; and $47,870 for Hybrid Limited.

2014 Toyota Highlander Test Drive and Review.

2014 Toyota Highlander Photo Gallery.

2013 Toyota Highlander Hybrid Test Drive and Review.

2008 Toyota Highlander Hybrid Test Drive and Review.

2008 Toyota Highlander Hybrid Photo Gallery.

2007 Toyota Highlander Hybrid Test Drive and Review.

2007 Toyota Highlander Hybrid Photo Gallery.

2006 Toyota Highlander Limited 4x4 V6 Test Drive and Review.

2006 Toyota Highlander Limited 4x4 V6 Photo Gallery.

2006 Toyota Highlander Hybrid Test Drive and Review.

2005 Toyota Highlander Test Drive and Review.

4RUNNER

4Runner can do it all -- on-road or off-road, from the mall to the mountains, In its fifth generation (since 2010), 4Runner is Toyota's truck-based mid-sized SUV. The first-generation 4Runner was introduced in 1995, followed by the second-generation in 1989; third-generation 4Runner started in 1995, and fourth-generation began in 2003. Available with a 4.0 liter 270 hp/278 lb-ft V6 engine, rear-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive and a five speed automatic transmission (V6) or four speed automatic transmission (I4).

Fuel economy estimates are 17 city/22 highway for the 2WD V6 and 17 city/21 highway for the 4WD. Prices start at $33,510 for the base SR5 model; $36,415 for the Trail; $41,825 for the Limited; and $41,550 for the TRD Pro.

2015 Toyota 4Runner TRD Pro Test Drive and Review.

2014 Toyota 4Runner Preview.

2013 Toyota 4Runner Test Drive and Review.

2011 Toyota 4Runner Test Drive and Review.

2011 Toyota 4Runner Photo Gallery.

2010 Toyota 4Runner Test Drive and Review.

2010 Toyota 4Runner Photo Gallery.

2007 Toyota 4Runner Test Drive and Review.

2007 Toyota 4Runner Photo Gallery.

2006 Toyota 4Runner Test Drive and Review.

2006 Toyota 4Runner Photo Gallery.

SEQUOIA

Now competing in the mammoth people-mover category, Sequoia is a full-sized SUV that seats eight in comfort. The first-generation Sequoia was introduced in 2001, and the second-generation came around in 2008. Returning for 2016 essentially unchanged, Sequoia is available with one engine choice, the 5.7-liter 381 hp/381 lb-ft i-FORCE V8 and a 6-speed automatic transmission, with either rear-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive. Fuel economy estimates for the 4WD are 13 city/17 highway; for the 2WD they are 13 city/17 highway. Prices start at $44,965 for the base SR5 model, $53,755 for the Limited and $61,495 for the Platinum.

2011 Toyota Sequoia Test Drive and Review.

2011 Toyota Sequoia Photo Gallery.

2007 Toyota Sequoia Limited Test Drive and Review.

2007 Toyota Sequoia Limited Photo Gallery.

2006 Toyota Sequoia Limited Test Drive and Review.

2005 Toyota Sequoia Test Drive and Review.

LAND CRUISER

At the top of Toyota's SUV lineup for the past 60 years, the Land Cruiser is an extremely capable, luxurious vehicle. First built in 1950 and named “Land Cruiser” in 1954, the second-generation (FJ60) Land Cruiser landed in 1980, followed by the third-generation (FJ80) in 1991; fourth-generation in 1995; fifth-generation in 1998; sixth-generation in 2003; and seventh-generation in 2008. The 2016 continues the seventh-generation vehicle line. Available in just one trim level with a 5.7 liter V8 that sends 381 hp and 401 lb-ft of torque through an eight-speed automatic transmission and full-time four-wheel drive.

The EPA estimates that Land Cruiser will achieve 13 mpg city/18 mpg highway. Prices start at $83,825.

2016 Toyota Land Cruiser Test Drive and Review.

2012 Toyota Land Cruiser Test Drive and Review.

2012 Toyota Land Cruiser Photo Gallery.

2008 Toyota Land Cruiser Test Drive and Review.

2008 Toyota Land Cruiser Photo Gallery.

2006 Toyota Land Cruiser Test Drive and Review

2006 Toyota Land Cruiser Photo Gallery.

DISCONTINUED:

FJ CRUISER

FJ Cruiser was a retrofuturist SUV with a compact build and big ambition off-road and on-road. It was introduced as a 2007 model and discontinued after the 2014 model year. The FJ Cruiser was equipped  a 4.0 liter V6 that sends 239 hp/278 lb-ft of torque through either a five-speed automatic or six-speed manual transmission and either rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive. Fuel economy ranges from 16 city/20 highway for the 4WD manual to 18 city/22 highway for the 2WD automatic.

2010 Toyota FJ Cruiser Test Drive and Review.

2010 Toyota FJ Cruiser Photo Gallery.

2007 Toyota FJ Cruiser Test Drive and Review.

2007 Toyota FJ Cruiser Photo Gallery.

2007 Toyota FJ Cruiser at SEMA Photo Gallery.

VENZA

Venza was introduced in late 2008 as a 2009 model, and discontinued after the 2015 model year.. It was described by its designers as 70% car and 30% crossover. It never really caught on with the buying public. EPA fuel economy estimates of 18-21 MPG city, 25-29 MPG highway.

2009 Toyota Venza Test Drive and Review.

2009 Toyota Venza Photo Gallery.