Tridoshas

Three Doshas in Ayurvedic Medicine

Body Types
Body Types. Dieter Spannknebel / Stockbyte

Ayurveda, ancient medical/holistic system from the vedic civilization of India, teaches that health is maintained by the balancing of three subtle energies known as Doshas. Individually they are called Vatha (sometimes spelled Vata), Pitta and Kapha.

This ancient healing system teaches maintenance and protection of the whole person (mind, body and soul). Ayurvedic medicine is based on an individual's characteristics and body frame rather than oriented toward treating disease or sickness.

Each of us are made up of a combination of the three types of doshas. The doshas as a group are comprised of these five universal elements:

  1. space (ether)
  2. air
  3. earth
  4. fire
  5. water

Vatha is a combination of air and space.

Pitta is mostly fire with some water.

Kapha is mostly water with some earth.

Overall well-being and striving for longevity depends on maintaing your health in order to keep your doshas balanced. Any imbalance among the tridoshas causes a state of unhealthiness or dis-ease. Factors that can bring about balance of the tridoshas include diet, exercise, good digestion, and elimination of toxins.

Review the chart below to evaluate the characteristics and body structures consistent with each dosha to consider if you are predominately one dosha or could possibly be classified as a combo-energy such as vatha-pitta or vatha-kapha, or pitta-kapha, and so on.

What Dosha Type Are You?
Take this quiz to discover which of the three primary dosha best describes you.

 

Body Structures and Characteristics of the 3 Doshas
Dosha TypeBody StructureCharacteristics
Vatha
  • Slender frame
  • Lightweight bone structure
  • Dry, rough or dark skin
  • Brown / Black hair coloring
  • Large, crooked or protruding teeth, thin gums
  • Small thin lips and mouth
  • Dull, dark eyes
  • Often constipated
  • Little perspiration
  • Sparse urine (although frequent)
  • Poor long-term memory
  • Good short-term memory
  • Anxious, nervous, depression
  • High sex drive (or none at all)
  • Love of travel
  • Dislike of cold weather
  • Slight to variable appetite
Pitta
  • Medium height and build
  • Fair to reddish complexion and hair coloring
  • Small yellowish teeth, soft gums
  • Green/Grayish Eyes
  • Average size mouth
  • Sharp/Clear voice
  • Light sleeper
  • Intelligent
  • Clear memory
  • Jealous
  • Ambitious
  • Sexually passionate
  • Dislikes hot weather
  • Loves luxury
  • Loose stools / diarrhea
  • Strong appetite
  • Thirsty
Kapha
  • Large Frame
  • Tends to be overweight
  • Thick and pale-colored oily skin
  • Strong white teeth
  • Blue Eyes
  • Full lips / Large mouth
  • Speaks in slow monotone
  • Requires deep sleep
  • Steady appetite
  • Heavy sweating
  • Large soft stools
  • Business oriented
  • Good memory
  • Passive
  • Dislikes cold and damp
  • Loves good food
  • Enjoys familiar surroundings

Useful Ayurvedic Treatments

Ayurveda: Basics | History & Principles | Daily Routine | Doshas | Dietary Guidelines | Six Tastes

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