4 Types of Love in the Bible

Explore the meaning of eros, storge, philia, and agape

Love in the Bible
PaulCalbar / Getty Images

Love as a word describes an emotion with vastly differing degrees of intensity. We can say we love ice cream and chocolate, and we can pledge our love to a husband or wife until our dying breath.

Love is one of the most powerful emotions we can experience. Humans crave love from the moment of existence. And the Bible tells us that God is love. For Christian believers, love is the true test of genuine faith.

Four unique forms of love are found in the Bible. They are communicated through four Greek words: Eros, Storge, Philia, and Agape. We'll explore these different types of love characterized by romantic love, family love, brotherly love, and God's divine love. As we do, we'll discover what love really means, and how to follow Jesus Christ's command to "love one another."

What Is Eros Love in the Bible?

Love in the Bible
PaulCalbar / Getty Images

Eros (Pronounced: AIR-ohs) is the Greek word for sensual or romantic love. The term originated from the mythological Greek god of love, sexual desire, physical attraction, and physical love, Eros, whose Roman counterpart was Cupid.

Promiscuity of all types was rampant in ancient Greek culture and was one of the obstacles the apostle Paul had to battle when planting churches in the eastern Mediterranean. In 1 Corinthians, Paul warns young believers against succumbing to immorality. Even though the term eros is not found in the Old Testament, Song of Solomon vividly portrays the passion of erotic love. The Bible's prohibition of sex outside of marriage necessarily limits erotic love to married couples.

What Is Storge Love in the Bible?

Storge Love in the Bible
MoMo Productions / Getty Images

Storge (Pronounced: STOR-jay) is a term for love in the Bible that you may not be familiar with. This Greek word describes family love, the affectionate bond that develops naturally between parents and children, and brothers and sisters.

Many examples of family love are found in Scripture, such as the mutual protection among Noah and his wife, the love of Jacob for his sons, and the strong love the sisters Martha and Mary had for their brother Lazarus. An interesting compound word using storge, "philostorgos," is found in Romans 12:10, which commands believers to "be devoted" to one another with brotherly affection.

What Is Philia Love in the Bible?

Brand X Pictures / Getty Images

Philia (Pronounced: FILL-ee-uh) is the type of intimate love in the Bible that most Christians practice toward each other. This Greek term describes the powerful emotional bond seen in deep friendships.

Philia is the most general type of love in Scripture, encompassing love for fellow humans, care, respect, and compassion for people in need. The concept of brotherly love that unites believers is unique to Christianity. Jesus said philia would be an identifier of his followers: "By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another." (John 13:35, NIV)

What Is Agape Love in the Bible?

Image Source: Pixabay

Agape (Pronounced: Uh-GAH-pay) is the highest of the four types of love in the Bible. This term defines God's immeasurable, incomparable love for humankind. It is the divine love that comes from God. Agape love is perfect, unconditional, sacrificial, and pure.

Jesus Christ demonstrated this kind of divine love to his Father and to all humanity in the way he lived and died. Following his resurrection, Jesus asked the apostle Peter if he loved him (agape). Peter replied three times that he did, but the word he used was phileo or brotherly love. Peter had not yet received the Holy Spirit at Pentecost; he was incapable of agape love. But after Pentecost, Peter was so full of God's love that he spoke from his heart and 3,000 people were converted.

25 Bible Verses About Love

Bill Fairchild

Enjoy this collection of verses about love in the Bible and discover God's true feeling toward you. Sample some of the many Scriptures about friendship, romantic love, family love, and God's amazing love for you.

How to Love Like Jesus

Love Like Jesus
Peter Brutsch / Getty Images

All of us want to love like Jesus. We want to be generous, forgiving, and compassionate enough to love people unconditionally. But no matter how hard we try, somehow we fall short. Our humanness gets in the way. We can love, but we can't do it perfectly. Learn the secret to loving like Jesus by abiding in him.

Find Love That Changes Everything

I Love You Poem - God's Love
Photo Source: Pixabay / Composition: Sue Chastain

Can you find love on the Internet? Millions of people believe you can. They want to click a mouse and discover lifelong bliss. In the real world, however, it’s not that easy to find love, unless we turn to someplace unexpected: God. When you find love from God, you find pure, unconditional, unselfish, indestructible, eternal love.

'God Is Love' Bible Verse

God is love
John Chillingworth/Picture Post/Getty Images

'God is love' is a famous Bible verses speaking of God's loving nature. Love is not merely an attribute of God, but his very essence. Not only is he loving, he is fundamentally love. God alone loves in the completeness and perfection of love. Compare this well-known passages in several translations.

The Greatest Is Love - Devotional

LR15-Greatest is Love-pixabay-keyring-pendant-63432.jpg
Photo Source: Pixabay / Composition: Sue Chastain

The Greatest Is Love is a devotional about the importance of developing faith, hope, and love in our Christian character. Based on 1 Corinthians 13:13, this devotional is part of the Light Reflection series by Rebecca Livermore.