Types of Pagan Deities

Many Pagan deities are associated with various aspects of the human experience – love, death, marriage, fertility, and so forth. Still others are connected to different phases of the agricultural cycle, the moon, and the sun. Here is an index of the various gods and goddesses that we discuss here at About Pagan/Wiccan, with links to more detailed information contained within.

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Photo Credit: Cristian Baitg/Image Bank/Getty Images

Throughout history, nearly all cultures have had gods and goddesses associated with love and marriage. Although a few are male -- Eros and Cupid come to mind -- most are female, because the institution of marriage has long been viewed as the domain of women. If you're doing a working relating to love magic, or if you wish to honor a particular deity as part of a marriage ceremony, these are some of the gods and goddesses associated with the very human emotion of love.

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Does your tradition honor a god or goddess of healing magic?. Image by Angel Abdelazim /EyeEm/Getty Images

 In many magical traditions, healing rituals are performed in tandem with a petition to the god or goddess of the pantheon who is representative of healing and wellness. If you or a loved one is ill or off-kilter, whether emotionally or physically or spiritually, you may want to investigate this list of deities. There are many, from a variety of cultures, who can be called upon in times of need for healing and wellness magic.

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Draw Down the Moon
Drawing down the moon calls upon the divine. Image by Gavin Harrison/Photographer's Choice/Getty Images

For thousands of years, people have looked up at the moon and wondered about its divine significance. It should come as no surprise that many cultures throughout time have had lunar deities - that is, gods or goddesses associated with the power and energy of the moon. If you're doing a moon-related ritual, in some traditions of Wicca and Paganism you may choose to call upon one of these deities for assistance. Let's look at some of the better known lunar deities.

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In many cultures, gods of death and dying are honored at Samhain. Image by Darren Mower/Vetta/Getty Images

Death is rarely so apparent than it as at Samhain. The skies have gone gray, the earth is brittle and cold, and the fields have been picked of the last crops. Winter looms on the horizon, and as the Wheel of the Year turns once more, the boundary between our world and the spirit world becomes fragile and thin. In cultures all over the world, the spirit of Death has been honored at this time of the year. Here are just a few of the deities who represent death and the dying of the earth.

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Woman wearing hooded cape in winter landscape (digital composite)
Dennis Galante / Getty Images

While it may be mostly Pagans and Wiccans who celebrate the Yule holiday, nearly all cultures and faiths have some sort of winter solstice celebration or festival. Because of the theme of endless birth, life, death, and rebirth, the time of the solstice is often associated with deity and other legendary figures. No matter which path you follow, chances are good that one of your gods or goddesses has a winter solstice connection.

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Outdoors in Snow
WIN-Initiative / Getty Images

Although traditionally Imbolc is associated with Brighid, the Irish goddess of hearth and home, there are a number of other deities who are represented at this time of year. Thanks to Valentine's Day, many gods and goddesses of love and fertility are honored at this time.

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Celebrate the goddesses of spring and rebirth. Image by IB/Vetta/Getty Images

Spring is a time of great celebration in many cultures. It's the time of year when the planting begins, people begin to once more enjoy the fresh air, and we can reconnect with the earth again after the long, cold winter. A number of different gods and goddesses from different pantheons are connected with the themes of spring and Ostara.

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The green man is an iconic figure in spring mythology. Image by Matt Cardy/Getty Images News

Beltane is a time of great fertility -- for the earth itself, for animals, and of course for people as well. This season has been celebrated by cultures going back thousands of years, in a variety of ways, but nearly all shared the fertility aspect. Typically, this is a Sabbat to celebrate gods of the hunt or of the forest, and goddesses of passion and motherhood, as well as agricultural deities. Here are a list of gods and goddesses that can be honored as part of your tradition's Beltane rituals.

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Ra the Sun God
Ra played a crucial role in Egyptian mythology. Image from Print Collector/Hulton Archive/Getty Images

The summer solstice has long been a time when cultures celebrated the lengthening year. It is on this day, sometimes called Litha, that there is more daylight than any other time; a direct counterpoint to the darkness of Yule. No matter where you live, or what you call it, chances are you can connect to a culture that honored a sun deity around this time of year. Here are just a few of the gods and goddesses from around the world that are connected with the summer solstice.

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Harvest Goddess
Image by Christian Baitg/Image Bank/Getty Images

When Lammastide rolls around, the fields are full and fertile. Crops are abundant, and the late summer harvest is ripe for the picking. This is the time when the first grains are threshed, apples are plump in the trees, and gardens are overflowing with summer bounty. In nearly every ancient culture, this was a time of celebration of the agricultural significance of the season. Because of this, it was also a time when many gods and goddesses were honored. These are some of the many deities who are connected with this earliest harvest holiday.

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Artemis was a goddess of the hunt in Greek mythology. Image by Vladimir Pcholkin/The Image Bank/Getty Images

In many ancient Pagan civilizations, gods and goddesses associated with the hunt were held in a position of high regard. In some of today’s Pagan belief systems, hunting is considered off-limits, but for many others, deities of the hunt are still honored by modern Pagans. While this is certainly not meant to be an all-inclusive list, here are just a few of the gods and goddesses of the hunt that are honored by today’s Pagans.

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Image by Jeff Rotman/Image Bank/Getty

While some Pagans may choose to celebrate hearth gods, or goddesses of love and beauty, there are many Pagan traditions that pay tribute to warrior deities. If you find yourself relating to a warrior god or goddess, here are some of the many deities you may want to explore a connection with. Bear in mind that this is not an all-inclusive list, and there are many more warrior deities out there to investigate, from a variety of world pantheons.

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Vines tendrils at sunset, close-up
Matilda Lindeblad / Getty Images

Grapes are everywhere in the fall, so it's no surprise that the Mabon season is a popular time to celebrate winemaking, and deities connected to the growth of the vine. Whether you see him as Bacchus, Dionysus, the Green Man, or some other vegetative god, the god of the vine is a key archetype in harvest celebrations.

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Photo Credit: sonjayounger/RooM/Getty Images

When Margaret Murray wrote her ground-breaking God of the Witches in 1931, scholars quickly dismissed her theory of a universal, pre-Christian cult of witches who worshiped a singular mother goddess. However, she wasn't completely off-base. Many early societies had a mother-like godform, and honored the sacred feminine with their ritual, art and legends.

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Image by Joakim Leroy/E+/Getty Images
Wondering about the gods of the Celts, Norse, Greeks or Romans? Here are some of the best known gods and goddesses of modern Paganism, as well as some tips on how to make offerings to them and interact with them.