Types of Saxophones

Silhouette of man playing saxophone
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There are many types of saxophones, each varying in size from 15 centimeters to 2 meters. Here we will look at the different types of saxophones that are most commonly used today.

Soprano Saxophone 

This is in the key of B flat and may either be curved or straight. This type of saxophone is more difficult to learn and not advisable for beginning players. The reason is that correct embouchure is critical to play this type of saxophone successfully and newbies may find it difficult to precisely form the needed embouchure.

Alto Saxophone

This saxophone is medium sized and one of the most commonly played type of saxophone. If you're a beginner, the alto saxophone would be perfect to start with. It is curved with a smaller mouthpiece and is in the key of E flat.

Tenor Saxophone

It is larger than the alto saxophone and is in the key of B flat. The mouthpiece is also larger, the rods and tone holes are longer. This is the type of saxophone commonly used in jazz music. The neck of the tenor saxophone is prone to damage due to its length.
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Baritone Saxophone

This is the largest among the common types of saxophones. The baritone sax may or may not have an extension attached to the end of the horn. If it has an extension it is called a low A baritone. Due to its size and shape, the baritone is quite prone to damage.
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There are other rare types of saxophones such as the C Melody, F Mezzo Soprano, C Soprano, Bass, Conn-O-Sax and F Baritone.