Science, Tech, Math › Science List 10 Types of Solids, Liquids, and Gases Examples of Solids, Liquids, and Gases Share Flipboard Email Print Types of Solids, Liquids, and Gases. Hugo Lin, ThoughtCo. Science Chemistry Basics Chemical Laws Molecules Periodic Table Projects & Experiments Scientific Method Biochemistry Physical Chemistry Medical Chemistry Chemistry In Everyday Life Famous Chemists Activities for Kids Abbreviations & Acronyms Biology Physics Geology Astronomy Weather & Climate By Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Chemistry Expert Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. our editorial process Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter Anne Marie Helmenstine, Ph.D. Updated January 24, 2020 Naming examples of solids, liquids, and gases is a common homework assignment because it makes you think about phase changes and the states of matter. Key Takeaways: Examples of Solids, Liquids, and Gases The three main states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. Plasma is the fourth state of matter. Several exotic states also exist.A solid has a defined shape and volume. A common example is ice.A liquid has a defined volume, but can change state. An example is liquid water.A gas has neither a defined shape nor volume. Water vapor is an example of a gas. Examples of Solids Solids are a form of matter that has a definite shape and volume. GoldWoodSandSteelBrickRockCopperBrassAppleAluminum foilIceButter Examples of Liquids Liquids are a form of matter that has a definite volume but no defined shape. Liquids can flow and assume the shape of their container. WaterMilkBloodUrineGasolineMercury (an element)Bromine (an element)WineRubbing alcoholHoneyCoffee Examples of Gases A gas is a form of matter that does not have a defined shape or volume. Gases expand to fill the space they are given. AirHeliumNitrogenFreonCarbon dioxideWater vaporHydrogenNatural gasPropaneOxygenOzoneHydrogen sulfide Phase Changes Depending on the temperature and pressure, the matter may transition from one state into another: Solids may melt into liquidsSolids may sublimate into gases (sublimation)Liquids may vaporize into gasesLiquids may freeze into solidsGases may condense into liquidsGases may deposit into solids (deposition) Increasing pressure and decreasing temperature forces atoms and molecules closer to each other so their arrangement becomes more ordered. Gases become liquids; liquids become solids. On the other hand, increasing temperature and decreasing pressure allows particles to move father apart. Solids become liquids; liquids become gases. Depending on the conditions, a substance may skip a phase, so a solid may become a gas or a gas may become a solid without experiencing the liquid phase.