Definition: A typology is a set of categories used for classification. A typology generally has non-overlapping categories that exhaust all possibilities so that there is one category available for each observation and each observation only fits one category.

Examples: A society can be categorized using a typology of types of economy (industrial, hunter-gatherer, horticultural, pastoral, agrarian, fishing, and herding).

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Crossman, Ashley. "Typology." ThoughtCo, Mar. 3, 2016, thoughtco.com/typology-definition-3026722. Crossman, Ashley. (2016, March 3). Typology. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/typology-definition-3026722 Crossman, Ashley. "Typology." ThoughtCo. https://www.thoughtco.com/typology-definition-3026722 (accessed May 26, 2018).